Developing pro-poor markets for environmental services in the Philippines
This study reviews the various efforts made in the Philippines to develop markets for different types of environmental service, and also discusses the institutional support mechanisms that have emerged. It identifies a number of market initiatives already in operation, mostly in the form of entrance fees to national parks, but shows that for other types of environmental service, much preparatory work for market development has been done in the form of valuation studies and proposals for payment mechanisms. Government involvement has been key to market development in the Philippines but there have also been some community-based initiatives involving non-financial benefits such as protection from encroachment and squatting in return for improved land management practices. The study tests a framework for evaluating and monitoring markets for environmental services in two cases: a protected area and a Department of Energy reforestation and environmental management fund. The conclusion drawn is that environmental investments are not likely to happen unless the basic social services of communities are met.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Taiyab, N.This paper explores the potential for financing small-scale high-benefit sustainable development projects through the voluntary and retail sector of the carbon market. Through a literature review and interviews with offset ...
Kurniawan, Iwan; Roshetko, James M.Agriculture is the most common activity practiced by rural farmers. Lack of market information, remote location and poor accessibility to production resources are common problems faced by the farmers. The marketing activities ...
Making environmental markets work: Lessons from early experience with sulfur, carbon, wetlands, and other related markets Bayon, R.Ever since the passage of the 1990 amendments to the US Clean Air act and the creation of a market in sulfur dioxide (SO2), it has become clear that market mechanisms can be effectively used to achieve environmental policies. ...