The gender of social capital
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The legitimacy of certain members of the populations affect returns to social capital. The author begins to explain structural holes theory. The structural hole is the opportunity to connect people through the flow of information and the control advantages of benefits. Within the network structure of social capital, the holes are entrepreneurial opportunities to add value. "White-collar workers find better jobs, faster, through weak ties that bridge otherwise disconnected social groups." Those members of the population with greater opportunities are expected to be more successful than others with less. In this context, testing manager's network and promotions, women pose a puzzle. Early promotions go to senior men with more social capital. Using network models allows us to reflect on gender from a social capital stand point. The goal is to identify how women and young men get access to social capital. Some of the reasons for the difference are social support, pink collar jobs, and the combat-birth metaphor. In order for illegitimate members of a population to gain access to social capital they need to borrow the network of a strategic partner.