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dc.contributor.authorCostanza, R.
dc.contributor.authord'Arge, R.
dc.contributor.authorde Groot, R.
dc.contributor.authorFarber, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorGrasso, M.
dc.contributor.authorHannon, B.
dc.contributor.authorLimburg, K.
dc.contributor.authorNaeem, S.
dc.contributor.authorO'Neill, R.V.
dc.contributor.authorParuelo, J.
dc.contributor.authorRaskin, R.G.
dc.contributor.authorSutton, P.
dc.contributor.authorvan den Belt, M.
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-19T19:31:11Z
dc.date.available2016-04-19T19:31:11Z
dc.date.issued1997
dc.identifier3353
dc.identifier.citationNature 387(6630): 253-260
dc.identifier.issn0028-0836
dc.identifier.issn1476-4687
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/67454
dc.descriptionMetadata only record
dc.description.abstractThe ecological life-support systems of Earth provide direct and indirect services that are imperative for the survival of humanity. These vital services contribute to the economic value of the planet, but are rarely quantified or incorporated into commercial markets. The authors of this paper draw from published studies and original calculations to estimate the economic value of 17 ecosystem services provided in 16 biomes. The results suggest an average of US$33 trillion per year as a minimum estimate of the value of total ecosystem services; this value is 1.8 times the global GNP (US$18 trillion per year).
dc.format.mimetypetext/plain
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Group
dc.rightsCopyright 1997 Nature Publishing Group
dc.subjectEcosystem
dc.subjectEconomic analyses
dc.subjectPayments for environmental services
dc.subjectEnvironmental impacts
dc.subjectEnvironmental services
dc.subjectModeling
dc.subjectEconomic modeling and analysis
dc.subjectEconomic impacts
dc.subjectPES
dc.subjectLife-support systems
dc.subjectHuman welfare
dc.subjectEcosystem functions
dc.subjectNatural capital stocks
dc.subjectWillingness to pay
dc.subjectPartial equilibrium model
dc.subjectEcosystem
dc.titleThe value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital
dc.typeAbstract
dc.description.notesPES-1 (Payments for Environmental Services Associate Award)
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1038/387253a0
dc.type.dcmitypeText


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