The CAMPFIRE programme in Zimbabwe: Payments for wildlife services
MetadataShow full item record
This paper discusses the development of Zimbabwe's Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE). Implemented in 1989, it is one of the earliest examples of a PES (payments for environmental services) program. The authors describe the design, implementation, and effects of CAMPFIRE, and present five lessons that can be applied to other evolving PES schemes.