Resources, not capital: A case study of the gendered distribution and productivity of social network ties in rural Ethiopia
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A rigid division of labor between men and women in the rural areas of developing countries oblige women to pursue household responsibilities while men work in the field for economic purposes. They use different resources for their livelihood strategies; therefore, men and women experience different opportunities and limitations to access the resources. With a case study of a rural village in Ethiopia, the author examines the gendered role in the distribution and productivity of social network ties in a rural livelihood system. The author's research has found that men and women's access to social networks is different. While men's association with development is strong and direct, women's is relatively weak and indirect, and the poorest people do not have any access to this social network. Women can access social resources which make economic returns only if they have connection with men and their networks. To enhance women's social ties, more attention has to be paid in this sector.