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dc.contributor.authorAfzal, A.
dc.contributor.authorAli, T.
dc.contributor.authorMunir, A.
dc.contributor.authorZafar, M.I.
dc.contributor.authorNiazi, S.K.
dc.contributor.authorRiaz, F.
dc.coverage.spatialPakistan
dc.coverage.spatialPunjab
dc.coverage.spatialSouth Asia
dc.coverage.spatialAsia
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-19T20:07:56Z
dc.date.available2016-04-19T20:07:56Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier4712
dc.identifier.citationPakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 46(1): 64-68
dc.identifier.issn0552-9034
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/68947
dc.descriptionMetadata only record
dc.description.abstractIn this article the authors endeavor to highlight the constraints facing rural women in the Okara District of Punjab, Pakistan in making decisions pertaining to agriculture and to suggest how to empower rural women to enhance sustainable agriculture development. The study area was selected because women in South Asia participate significantly more in agriculture production than men do, yet because of environmental constraints, a lack of agriculture advice and services and social norms of segregation, women still have little input in the decision making process. Data was compiled using a multistage sampling technique. The first section involved the random selection of three tehsils. In the second section, 8 villages were chosen from each tehsil. In the third section twenty farms were randomly chosen. Using this multistage sampling technique, the researchers were able to randomly select 480 women from the rural Okara District. The research showed a large percentage of women in the rural Okara District were illiterate, destitute, earning less than 1 Lac annually from farming and other domestic activities and live on small farms. A majority of women claimed they experienced difficulty acquiring agricultural extension services due to complex cultural, social, political and economic issues. Female empowerment can be ameliorated by adequately addressing the constraints facing women in agricultural production.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherDepartment of Livestock Management
dc.relation.urihttp://pakjas.com.pk/upload/82107_..pdf
dc.subjectWomen
dc.subjectExtension service
dc.subjectGender
dc.subjectAgriculture
dc.subjectSustainability
dc.subjectDecision making
dc.subjectEducation
dc.subjectGender relations
dc.subjectLiteracy
dc.subjectRural areas
dc.subjectSexual roles
dc.subjectWomen's status
dc.subjectSouth asia
dc.subjectAsia
dc.subjectDeveloping countries
dc.subjectPakistan
dc.subjectFarm/Enterprise Scale
dc.titleIdentification of factors hampering women empowerment in agriculture decision making and extension work in District Okara, Punjab, Pakistan
dc.typeArticle - Refereed
dc.type.dcmitypeText


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