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dc.contributor.authorHowell, Claudia Elizabethen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-06T08:00:24Z
dc.date.available2016-05-06T08:00:24Z
dc.date.issued2016-05-05en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:7496en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/70918
dc.description.abstractIn the counseling profession, clinical supervision is utilized to facilitate the personal and professional development of counselors in training (Bernard and Goodyear, 2014). Within this supervisory relationship, supervisors must adhere to the 2015 ACA Code of Ethics, which describes the need for infusing cultural competence into both counseling and supervision practices. This emphasis is warranted; as the population of the United States is growing more diverse and cultural sensitivity in counseling will be needed in order to best serve clients. Both qualitative and quantitative research in various allied fields and settings suggest that supervisor cultural competence positively impacts the supervision working alliance (i.e., Ladany, Brittan-Powell and Pannu, 1997; Ancis and Marshall, 2010; Wong, Wong and Ishiyama, 2013). However, research conducted from the perspective of supervisors working in community settings is limited. This study sampled 78 community supervisors to address the dearth in the counselor education literature concerning the relationships between supervisor cultural competence and the working alliance. Results indicated an overall positively correlated relationship between supervisor multicultural competence and the working alliance. Additionally, the results suggested that supervisor cultural knowledge and supervisor cultural skills are the greatest predictors of a strong working alliance, while supervisor multicultural relationship and supervisor multicultural awareness accounted for some additional variance. The results support the trend away from a competency-based model of cultural sensitivity and attention in counseling and toward a model of cultural humility.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectsupervisionen_US
dc.subjectcultural humilityen_US
dc.subjectcultural competenceen_US
dc.subjectworking allianceen_US
dc.titleSupervision, Culture, and Relationship: Examining Supervisor Cultural Competence and the Working Allianceen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEducational Leadership and Policy Studiesen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCounselor Educationen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairLawson, Gerard Francisen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBenedict, James O.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWelfare, Laura Everharten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDePauw, Karen P.en_US


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