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dc.contributor.authorPreisser III, Richard Hermanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-10T09:00:42Z
dc.date.available2016-12-10T09:00:42Z
dc.date.issued2016-12-09en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:8638en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/73654
dc.description.abstractDry cured meat production is a costly and long term investment for producers. Ham mites (Tyrophagus putrescentiae) are a common pest of dry cured products and cause devastating effects, potentially nullifying producers' investments due to loss of salable product, as well as regulatory concerns. Methyl bromide, a chemical fumigant used to control mite populations, is damaging to stratospheric ozone and will no longer be available. Presently, no alternative control measure has been approved to combat the ham mite; therefore, it is essential to identify potential alternatives. Interest in safe alternatives to control arthropod pest populations is gaining momentum, and garlic (Allium sativum) has been used to control other arthropod species including the northern fowl mite, mosquitos, and aphids. We chose to explore the efficacy of garlic juice in controlling T. putrescentiae. Using a choice test design, approximately 65% of the inoculated mites colonized on the control ham cubes, while no mites remained on garlic juice-dipped cubes. Garlic was ineffective when examined for volatile efficacy, but was effective in direct contact assays. However, as garlic juice was aged and diluted, efficacy was reduced even after treatments with antioxidants, metal chelators, and pH neutralization. In total, garlic juice acted as a short term repellent and showed efficacy in contact models, but application is time sensitive due to variable enzymatic degradation.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this Item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectHam Miteen_US
dc.titleFood Safe Alternatives to Methyl Bromide in Country Ham Productionen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairGerrard, David E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBloomquist, Jeffrey R.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJohnson, Sally E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAnderson, Troy D.en_US


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