Now showing items 72-91 of 131

    • Passive Treatment of Acid-Mine Drainage 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Skousen, Jeffrey G. (Jeffrey Grant), 1956-; Jage, Christopher Raymond (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-16)
      Discusses wetlands and other methods for passive treatment of acid mine drainage.
    • Passive Treatment of Acid-Mine Drainage 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Skousen, Jeffrey G. (Jeffrey Grant), 1956-; Jage, Christopher Raymond (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2011-03-30)
      This publication presents guidance for design of passive treatment systems for acidic mine drainage (AMD).
    • Planting Hardwood Tree Seedlings on Reclaimed Mine Land in Appalachia 

      Davis, Vic; Franklin, Jennifer; Zipper, Carl E.; Angel, Patrick (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2010-02)
      The Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA) is a method of reclaiming surface coal mines to forested post-mining land use (see Forest Reclamation Advisory No. 2). “Use proper tree planting techniques” is Step 5 of the FRA; ...
    • The Powell River Project Research and Education Center 

      Meeks, Phil; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2015)
    • Predicting TDS Release from SW Virginia Soil-Overburden Sequences 

      Johnson, Daniel K.; Daniels, W. Lee; Orndorff, Zenah W. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2013)
    • Predicting TDS Release from SW Virginia Soil-Overburden Sequences 

      Johnson, Daniel K.; Orndorff, Zenah; Daniels, W. Lee (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2012)
    • Project Coal to Electricity 

      Altizer, Barbara; Childress, Harry; Meeks, Phil; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2015)
    • Project Coal to Electricity 

      Altizer, Barbara F.; Presley, Marsha R.; Fannon-Osborne, Amy; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2012)
      Provide teachers a week long field experience to improve their understanding of a variety of environmental and economic issues relating to coal extraction, preparation, transportation, and utilization. Also, to introduce ...
    • Project Coal to Electricity 2013 Summer Energy Education Program 

      Altizer, Barbara; Richardson, Jack; Meeks, Phil; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2013)
      This week-long summer session offers teachers in grades 3-7 and earth science teachersa unique opportunity to learn about the coalfields in Virginia/central Appalachian region and the economic impact on the state/local/region ...
    • Project Coal to Electricity 2014 Summer Energy Education Program 

      Altizer, Barbara; Ratliff, Donald; Meeks, Phil; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2014)
      This week-long summer session offers teachers in grades 3-7 and earth science teachers a unique opportunity to learn about the coalfields in Virginia/central Appalachian region and the economic impact on the state/local/region ...
    • Quantitative Sampling of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities for Characterizing Response to Mining-Induced Salinization in Appalachia 

      Pence, R. A.; Schoenholtz, Stephen H.; McLaughlin, Daniel L. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2017-08-12)
    • Re-establishing American Chestnut on Mined Lands in the Appalachian Coalfields 

      French, Michael; Barton, Christopher D.; McCarthy, Brian; Keiffer, Carolyn; Skousen, Jeffrey G.; Zipper, Carl E.; Angel, Patrick N. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2015-06)
      American chestnut (Castanea dentata) was formerly a major component of forests throughout the Appalachian coalfield and beyond. Chestnut’s strong, lightweight wood was naturally rot-resistant, making it a preferred timber ...
    • Re-Establishing Pollinator Habitat on Mined Lands Using the Forestry Reclamation Approach 

      Horn, Tammy; Angel, Patrick N.; Zipper, Carl E.; Ulyshen, Michael; French, Michael; Burger, James A.; Adams, Mary Beth (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2017-02)
      Pollinators are animals that play an essential role in the reproduction of many plants by transferring genetic material, in the form of pollen, from male to female flower parts. Because pollinator communities are under ...
    • Reclaimed Mined Land for Forests and Forestry 

      Burger, James A.; Strahm, Brian D.; Evans, Daniel M.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2011)
      This report lists products of research and education activities concerning reforestation of mined lands conducted during the 2010-2011 fiscal year.
    • Reclaiming Mined Lands as Industrial Sites 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Yates, Charles S. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-16)
      Offers guidelines for reclaiming mined lands planned for industrial sites.
    • Reclaiming Mined Lands as Industrial Sites 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Yates, Charles S. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-12-02)
      Provides guidelines for use by the Virginia coal-mining industry in reclaiming mined land to support industrial development which can benefit both the landowner and the community.
    • Reclamation Grading and Seeding Influences on Trees on a Virginia Mine Site after Six Years 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Koropchak, S.; Krenz, R. J.; Evans, D. M. (Virginia Tech. Powell River Project, 2014)
    • Reclamation of Coal Refuse Disposal Areas 

      Daniels, W. Lee; Stewart, Barry R.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-16)
      Discusses coal refuse, its storage in the ground, and ways to mitigate and reclaim such lands.
    • Reclamation of Coal Refuse Disposal Areas 

      Daniels, W. Lee; Stewart, Barry R.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-10-21)
      This publication reviews problems associated with stabilization and revegetation of coal refuse disposal areas and suggests strategies for their successful long-term reclamation and closure.
    • Recovery of Native Plant Communities After Mining 

      Holl, Karen D.; Zipper, Carl E.; Burger, James A. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-25)
      This publication summarizes research on the impacts of reclamation practices on re-establishment of native Appalachian forest ecosystems and describes practices that may be used during reclamation to encourage re-establishment ...