Now showing items 1-20 of 131

    • Establishment and maintenance of quality turfgrass on surface-mined land 

      Hall, John R. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 1992)
      Provides recommendations for successful turfgrass establishment and maintenance on reclaimed surface-mined land.
    • Stabilizing reclaimed mines to support buildings and development 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Winter, Steven (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 1997)
    • Estimation of Southwest Virginia coal reserves 

      Westman, Erik Christian; Haycocks, Christopher; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2000)
      Coal mining in Virginia's Richmond basin was the first recorded production in the United States (Henderson, 1985). Since that production, more than 2.1 billion tons of coal have been extracted from three primary areas ...
    • Recovery of native plant communities after mining 

      Holl, Karen D.; Zipper, Carl E.; Burger, James A. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2001)
      Coal surface mining and mine reclamation have had a significant impact on the landscape throughout the Appalachian region, including southwestern Virginia's coalfields. This fact is recognized by the Surface Mining Control ...
    • Managing Shrub-Infested, Postmined Pasturelands With Goats and Cattle. Part II, Effects on Forage Biomass, Nutritive Values, and Animal Performance 

      Abaye, Azenegashe Ozzie; Webb, D. M.; Zipper, Carl E.; Luginbuhl, Jean-Marie; Teutsch, Christopher D. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2001-12-09)
      Reclamation of mined lands in the Appalachian coal region has resulted in the successful establishment and utilization of pasture for beef cattle production. Research goals were to determine the effects of mixed grazing ...
    • Management of Cow-Calf Production on Reclaimed Surface-Mined Land 

      Whittier, W. Dee; Gerken, Hubert J. Jr.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2002-10-12)
      Summarizes a number of cattle management issues that are important to mined-land cattle producers in Virginia.
    • On-site treatment and disposal of residential wastewaters on mined lands 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Reneau, Raymond B., 1941-; Saluta, Michael A. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2005)
    • Mine Reclamation Practices to Enhance Forest Development Through Natural Succession 

      Groninger, John; Skousen, Jeff; Angel, Patrick; Barton, Christopher; Burger, James; Graves, Don; Zipper, Carl E. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07)
      Succession is a term used to describe natural changes in plant community composition over time. In the forested Appalachian region, disturbances from storms, fire, logging, or mining can disrupt or destroy established ...
    • Low Compaction Grading to Enhance Reforestation Success on Coal Surface Mines 

      Sweigard, Richard; Burger, James; Zipper, Carl E.; Skousen, Jeff; Barton, Christopher; Angel, Patrick (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07)
      This advisory describes final-grading techniques for reclaiming coal-surface mines to forest postmining land uses. Final grading that leaves a loose soil and a rough surface increases survival of planted seedlings and ...
    • Loosening Compacted Soils on Mined Sites  

      Sweigard, Richard; Burger, James; Graves, Don; Zipper, Carl E.; Barton, Christopher; Skousen, Jeff; Angel, Patrick (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07)
      Because successful surface-coal mining businesses must move earth materials efficiently, mining operations today use large and heavy equipment. Track dozers and haul trucks used for mining can weigh in excess of 100 tons ...
    • The Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative 

      Angel, Patrick; Davis, Vic; Burger, Jim; Graves, Don; Zipper, Carl E. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07-18)
      The Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative (ARRI) is a cooperative effort by the States of the Appalachian Region with the Office of Surface Mining to encourage restoration of high quality forests on reclaimed coal ...
    • The Forestry Reclamation Approach 

      Burger, Jim; Graves, Don; Angel, Patrick; Davis, Vic; Zipper, Carl E. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07-18)
      The Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA) is a method for reclaiming coal-mined land to forest under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). The FRA is based on knowledge gained from both scientific research ...
    • 2008 Powell River Project Research and Education Program Reports 

      Powell River Project Research and Education Center (Powell River Project Research and Education Center, 2008)
    • 2009 Powell River Project Research and Education Program Reports 

      Powell River Project Research and Education Center (Powell River Project Research and Education Center, 2009)
    • Tree-Compatible Groundcovers for Reforestation and Erosion Control 

      Burger, Jim; Davis, Vic; Franklin, Jennifer; Zipper, Carl E.; Skousen, Jeff; Barton, Christopher; Angel, Patrick (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2009-07)
      Productive native forests create economic value for landowners, produce raw materials for wood-based products, and provide benefits such as watershed control, water quality protection, carbon storage, wildlife habitat, and ...
    • On-Site Sewage Treatment Alternatives 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Reneau, Raymond B., 1941-; Jantrania, Anish R. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-07-01)
      The purpose of this publication is to describe on-site technologies for treating domestic sewage where conventional means (public sewer or septic tank with drainfield) are not available.
    • Growing Christmas Trees on Reclaimed Surface-mined Land 

      Burger, James A.; Peer, Kyle; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-09-02)
      This publication provides only general information for owners and managers of reclaimed mined land. It covers specific considerations for the establishment and maintenance of Christmas tree species on reclaimed mine soils.
    • Mine Permitting to Establish Productive Forests as Post-Mining Land Uses 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-09-29)
      This publication suggests language that may be used by Virginia mine operators in mine permit applications when it is their intention to use the Forestry Reclamation Approach to produce native hardwood forests of superior ...
    • Foundations for Housing on Reclaimed Mined Lands 

      Krebs, Robert Dixon, 1931-; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-09-30)
      This bulletin summarizes potential problems associated with housing built on recontoured, reclaimed land and suggests methods for dealing with those problems. Special attention is given to the behavior of valley fills and ...
    • Stabilizing Reclaimed Mines to Support Buildings and Development 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Winter, Steven (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-12-02)
      Describes the general concepts and guidelines for mine-stabilization that can be employed for developing reclaimed mine areas for building construction in the Virginia coalfield region.