Now showing items 1-10 of 10

    • Coal-resource Contracting Terms for Productive Postmining Forests 

      Bratsch, Tony (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-26)
      Many coal resource owners also own the overlying land surface; such owners negotiate contracts with mining firms as a way to generate revenue. Here, we suggest contracting terms that can be offered when the resource owner ...
    • Establishing Groundcover for Forested Postmining Land Uses 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E.; Skousen, Jeffrey G. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-19)
      Revegetating mined lands with grasses and legumes (groundcover) is essential to mine reclamation under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). This publication describes how mining firms can establish ...
    • Establishing Groundcover for Forested Postmining Land Uses 

      Burger, James A.; Skousen, Jeffrey G.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-15)
      Discusses ways to establish ground cover plants in coal mined lands planned as forests.
    • Growing Christmas Trees on Reclaimed Surface-mined Land 

      Burger, James A.; Peer, Kyle; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-09-02)
      This publication provides only general information for owners and managers of reclaimed mined land. It covers specific considerations for the establishment and maintenance of Christmas tree species on reclaimed mine soils.
    • How to Restore Forests on Surface-Mined Land 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-16)
      Shares practical, cost-effective guidelines for successful forest reclamation of coal mined land.
    • How to Restore Forests on Surface-mined Land 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2011-03-30)
      The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), mandates that mined land be reclaimed and restored to its original use or to a use of higher value. Reforestation research by Virginia Tech's Powell River ...
    • Mine Permitting to Establish Productive Forests as Post-Mining Land Uses 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-09-29)
      This publication suggests language that may be used by Virginia mine operators in mine permit applications when it is their intention to use the Forestry Reclamation Approach to produce native hardwood forests of superior ...
    • Recovery of Native Plant Communities After Mining 

      Holl, Karen D.; Zipper, Carl E.; Burger, James A. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-25)
      This publication summarizes research on the impacts of reclamation practices on re-establishment of native Appalachian forest ecosystems and describes practices that may be used during reclamation to encourage re-establishment ...
    • Recovery of Native Plant Communities After Mining 

      Holl, Karen D.; Zipper, Carl E.; Burger, James A. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-20)
      Discusses reclamation practices in coal mined land that encourage recovery of native forested ecosystems.
    • Restoring the Value of Forests on Reclaimed Mined Land 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2012-09-04)
      The purpose of this bulletin is to provide information that will aid landowners in estimating the effects of reclamation practices on forestland values, while emphasizing that creating productive mine soils for native trees ...