Now showing items 1-20 of 60

    • The Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative 

      Angel, Patrick; Davis, Vic; Burger, Jim; Graves, Don; Zipper, Carl E. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07-18)
      The Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative (ARRI) is a cooperative effort by the States of the Appalachian Region with the Office of Surface Mining to encourage restoration of high quality forests on reclaimed coal ...
    • Coal-resource Contracting Terms for Productive Postmining Forests 

      Bratsch, Tony (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-26)
      Many coal resource owners also own the overlying land surface; such owners negotiate contracts with mining firms as a way to generate revenue. Here, we suggest contracting terms that can be offered when the resource owner ...
    • Conversion of Sericea Lespedeza-Dominant Vegetation to Quality Forages for Livestock Use 

      Wolf, Dale D.; Fike, John H.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-15)
      Discusses sericea lespedeza as a reclamation species for strip mines. Also discusses a two-year program for suppression of this species and the introduction of an improved pasture species mix.
    • Conversion of Sericea Lespedeza-dominant Vegetation to Quality Forages for Livestock Use 

      Wolf, Dale D.; Fike, John H.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-09-01)
      The purpose of this publication is to describe recommended strategies for converting the sericea-dominant vegetation typically found on older surface-mined benches to more favorable forages that can be more effectively ...
    • Creation and Management of Productive Minesoils 

      Daniels, W. Lee; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-08-27)
      Existing minesoils tend to be quite variable in the field, but they can be managed effectively once their chemical and physical properties have been correctly determined. Soil testing procedures are useful for comparing ...
    • Creation and Management of Productive Minesoils 

      Daniels, W. Lee; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-15)
      Discusses the creation and improvement of soils on coal mined lands in southwestern Virginia.
    • Enhancing Wildlife Habitat on Reclaimed Mine Lands 

      Carrozzino, Amy L.; Stauffer, Dean F.; Haas, Carola A.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2011-03-30)
      This publication compares mined-land communities with wildlife communities in nearby non-mined forests to better understand how mining and reclamation practices affect wildlife. Here, as an outcome of that study and ...
    • Enhancing Wildlife Habitat on Reclaimed Mine Lands 

      Carrozzino, Amy L.; Haas, Carola A.; Stauffer, Dean F.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-15)
      Discusses ways to improve wildlife habitat on reclaimed mine lands as well as methods used for monitoring wildlife.
    • Establishing Groundcover for Forested Postmining Land Uses 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E.; Skousen, Jeffrey G. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-19)
      Revegetating mined lands with grasses and legumes (groundcover) is essential to mine reclamation under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). This publication describes how mining firms can establish ...
    • Establishing Groundcover for Forested Postmining Land Uses 

      Burger, James A.; Skousen, Jeffrey G.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-15)
      Discusses ways to establish ground cover plants in coal mined lands planned as forests.
    • Establishing Native Trees on Legacy Surface Mines 

      Burger, James A.; Zipper, Carl E.; Angel, Patrick N.; Hall, Nathan; Skousen, Jeffrey G.; Barton, Christopher D.; Eggerud, Scott (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2013-11)
      More than one million acres have been surface mined for coal in Appalachia. Today, much of this land is unmanaged, unproductive, and covered with non-native plants. Establishing productive forests on such lands will aid ...
    • Establishing Riparian Woody Vegetation for Constructed Streams Using the Forestry Reclamation Approach 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Krenz, R. J.; Sweeten, S. E.; Agouridis, Carmen T.; Barton, Christopher D.; Angel, Patrick N. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2018-03)
      Construction and renovation of streams and riparian corridors on mined lands have become common activities in Appalachia. Surface mining for coal can disturb ephemeral and intermittent streams, and may disturb permanent ...
    • Establishment and Maintenance of Quality Turfgrass on Surface-Mined Land 

      Goatley, Michael; Hall, John R.; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-15)
      Discusses how to establish turf grass on surface-mined land, at locations planned for home development or recreational use.
    • Establishment and maintenance of quality turfgrass on surface-mined land 

      Hall, John R. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 1992)
      Provides recommendations for successful turfgrass establishment and maintenance on reclaimed surface-mined land.
    • Establishment and Maintenance of Quality Turfgrass on Surface-Mined Land 

      Hall, John R.; Goatley, Michael; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2010-02-12)
      Provides recommendations for successful turfgrass establishment and maintenance on land that was previously surface-mined.
    • Estimation of Southwest Virginia coal reserves 

      Westman, Erik Christian; Haycocks, Christopher; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2000)
      Coal mining in Virginia's Richmond basin was the first recorded production in the United States (Henderson, 1985). Since that production, more than 2.1 billion tons of coal have been extracted from three primary areas ...
    • The Forestry Reclamation Approach 

      Burger, Jim; Graves, Don; Angel, Patrick; Davis, Vic; Zipper, Carl E. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2007-07-18)
      The Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA) is a method for reclaiming coal-mined land to forest under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA). The FRA is based on knowledge gained from both scientific research ...
    • The Forestry Reclamation Approach: An Essential Tool for Controlling Invasive Exotic Plants on Active Mine Sites 

      Zipper, Carl E.; Angel, Patrick N.; Adams, Mary Beth; Sanderson, Tyler; Sena, Kenton; Barton, Christopher D.; Agouridis, Carmen T. (Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative, 2019-05)
      Mining companies use the Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA) when reclaiming mined land with the aim of establishing functional forests as a post- mining land use. Invasive exotic plant species (IES) can interfere with ...
    • Foundations for Housing on Reclaimed Mined Lands 

      Krebs, Robert Dixon, 1931-; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2009-09-30)
      This bulletin summarizes potential problems associated with housing built on recontoured, reclaimed land and suggests methods for dealing with those problems. Special attention is given to the behavior of valley fills and ...
    • Foundations for Housing on Reclaimed Mined Lands 

      Krebs, Robert Dixon; Zipper, Carl E. (Virginia Cooperative Extension, 2018-03-16)
      Discusses issues and concerns related to construction of houses on strip-mined lands, and makes recommendations for dealing with these problems.