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dc.contributor.authorPearce, Sarah C.en
dc.contributor.authorMani, Venkateshen
dc.contributor.authorBoddicker, Rebecca L.en
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Jay S.en
dc.contributor.authorWeber, Thomas E.en
dc.contributor.authorRoss, Jason W.en
dc.contributor.authorRhoads, Robert P.en
dc.contributor.authorBaumgard, Lance H.en
dc.contributor.authorGabler, Nicholas K.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-12T20:20:14Zen
dc.date.available2017-01-12T20:20:14Zen
dc.date.issued2013-08-01en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/74289en
dc.description.abstractExcessive heat exposure reduces intestinal integrity and post-absorptive energetics that can inhibit wellbeing and be fatal. Therefore, our objectives were to examine how acute heat stress (HS) alters intestinal integrity and metabolism in growing pigs. Animals were exposed to either thermal neutral (TN, 21°C; 35–50% humidity; n = 8) or HS conditions (35°C; 24–43% humidity; n = 8) for 24 h. Compared to TN, rectal temperatures in HS pigs increased by 1.6°C and respiration rates by 2-fold (P,0.05). As expected, HS decreased feed intake by 53% (P<0.05) and body weight (P<0.05) compared to TN pigs. Ileum heat shock protein 70 expression increased (P<0.05), while intestinal integrity was compromised in the HS pigs (ileum and colon TER decreased; P<0.05). Furthermore, HS increased serum endotoxin concentrations (P<0.05). Intestinal permeability was accompanied by an increase in protein expression of myosin light chain kinase (P<0.05) and casein kinase II-a (P = 0.06). Protein expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins in the ileum revealed claudin 3 and occludin expression to be increased overall due to HS (P,0.05), while there were no differences in claudin 1 expression. Intestinal glucose transport and blood glucose were elevated due to HS (P<0.05). This was supported by increased ileum Na+/K+ ATPase activity in HS pigs. SGLT-1 protein expression was unaltered; however, HS increased ileal GLUT-2 protein expression (P=0.06). Altogether, these data indicate that HS reduce intestinal integrity and increase intestinal stress and glucose transport.en
dc.format.extent? - ? (9) page(s)en
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.publisherPLOSen
dc.relation.urihttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000324518400043&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=930d57c9ac61a043676db62af60056c1en
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary Sciencesen
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topicsen
dc.subjectMULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCESen
dc.subjectTIGHT JUNCTION PERMEABILITYen
dc.subjectEPITHELIAL-CELLSen
dc.subjectINDUCED APOPTOSISen
dc.subjectDYSFUNCTIONen
dc.subjectHYPOXIAen
dc.subjectPHOSPHORYLATIONen
dc.subjectABSORPTIONen
dc.subjectMECHANISMSen
dc.subjectHEATSTROKEen
dc.subjectEXPRESSIONen
dc.titleHeat Stress Reduces Intestinal Barrier Integrity and Favors Intestinal Glucose Transport in Growing Pigsen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.description.versionPublished (Publication status)en
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen
dc.title.serialPLOS ONEen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070215en
dc.identifier.volume8en
dc.identifier.issue8en
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/Animal and Poultry Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/CALS T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Faculty of Health Sciencesen


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International