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dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Richard R.en
dc.contributor.authorPineda, Rosana P.en
dc.contributor.authorBarney, Jacoben
dc.contributor.authorNilsen, Erik T.en
dc.contributor.authorBarrett, John E.en
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Mark A.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-01T19:11:11Zen
dc.date.available2017-02-01T19:11:11Zen
dc.date.issued2015-10-27en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/74882en
dc.description.abstractThe importance of plant-microbe associations for the invasion of plant species have not been often tested under field conditions. The research sought to determine patterns of change in microbial communities associated with the establishment of invasive plants with different taxonomic and phenetic traits. Three independent locations in Virginia, USA were selected. One site was invaded by a grass (Microstegium vimineum), another by a shrub (Rhamnus davurica), and the third by a tree (Ailanthus altissima). The native vegetation from these sites was used as reference. 16S rRNA and ITS regions were sequenced to study root-zone bacterial and fungal communities, respectively, in invaded and non-invaded samples and analyzed using Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology (QIIME). Though root-zone microbial community structure initially differed across locations, plant invasion shifted communities in similar ways. Indicator species analysis revealed that Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) closely related to Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Ascomycota increased in abundance due to plant invasions. The Hyphomonadaceae family in the Rhodobacterales order and ammonia-oxidizing Nitrospirae phylum showed greater relative abundance in the invaded root-zone soils. Hyphomicrobiaceae, another bacterial family within the phyla Proteobacteria increased as a result of plant invasion, but the effect associated most strongly with root-zones ofM. vimineum and R. davurica. Functional analysis using Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) showed bacteria responsible for nitrogen cycling in soil increased in relative abundance in association with plant invasion. In agreement with phylogenetic and functional analyses, greater turnover of ammonium and nitrate was associated with plant invasion. Overall, bacterial and fungal communities changed congruently across plant invaders, and support the hypothesis that nitrogen cycling bacteria and functions are important factors in plant invasions. Whether the changes in microbial communities are driven by direct plant microbial interactions or a result of plant-driven changes in soil properties remains to be determined.en
dc.format.extent? - ? (19) page(s)en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.languageEnglishen
dc.publisherPLOSen
dc.relation.urihttp://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000363804200065&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=930d57c9ac61a043676db62af60056c1en
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary Sciencesen
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topicsen
dc.subjectAILANTHUS-ALTISSIMAen
dc.subjectSOILen
dc.subjectNITROGENen
dc.subjectECOSYSTEMSen
dc.subjectSEQUENCESen
dc.subjectFUNGIen
dc.subjectTREEen
dc.subjectIDENTIFICATIONen
dc.subjectMETAANALYSISen
dc.subjectHYPOTHESESen
dc.titlePlant Invasions Associated with Change in Root-Zone Microbial Community Structure and Diversityen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.description.versionPublished (Publication status)en
dc.contributor.departmentBiological Sciencesen
dc.contributor.departmentFralin Life Sciences Instituteen
dc.title.serialPLOS ONEen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141424en
dc.identifier.volume10en
dc.identifier.issue10en
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/CALS T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/Horticultureen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Agriculture & Life Sciences/Plant Pathology, Physiology, & Weed Scienceen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Scienceen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Science/Biological Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Science/COS T&R Facultyen


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International