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dc.contributor.authorNimmer, James G.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-10T21:24:36Z
dc.date.available2017-03-10T21:24:36Z
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/76325
dc.description.abstractRecent work in performance appraisal has focused on the cognitive operations involved in a rating task, but has neglected the influence of affect. The purpose of the present study was to examine the process by which affect influences evaluations and to examine the impact of affeet on outcome variables. A categorization-based model of the rating process was developed that included the influence of affect. According to the model, affect was postulated to influence the categorization process at the superordinate level. The model also postulated that the classification would then influence the processing of subsequent information. To test predictions derived from the model, the present study simulated a work situation. Subjects were required to learn materials, train confederates, and then observe and evaluate confederate's videotaped performance. The impact of affect and item type was examined on process measures and the impact of affect and performance was examined on outcome measures. The results showed that affect biased leader evaluations in the form of leniency and severity. Signal detection analysis indicated that response bias may have been the cognitive mechanism underlying this effect. Leaders attributed non-performed behaviors to confederates in a category consistent manner. Path analysis showed that affect has direct and indirect effects on performance evaluations. The theoretical and applied considerations of the study's findings are discussed and future research directions are highlighted.en
dc.format.extentix, 208 leavesen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 18728928
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V856 1988.N555en_US
dc.subject.lcshEvaluationen_US
dc.subject.lcshPerformance standardsen_US
dc.subject.lcshEmployees -- Rating ofen_US
dc.titleThe influence of affect on leader evaluations of subordinates: a laboratory simulation employing a process approachen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePsychologyen_US
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US


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