Comparison of the Thermal Performance of Several Tip Cooling Designs for a Turbine Blade
Christophel, Jesse Reuben
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Gas turbine blades are subject to harsh operating conditions that require innovative cooling techniques to insure reliable operation of parts. Film-cooling and internal cooling techniques can prolong blade life and allow for higher engine temperatures. This study examines several unique methods of cooling the turbine blade tip. The first method employs holes placed directly in the tip which inject coolant onto the blade tip. The second and third methods used holes placed on the pressure side of a blade near the tip representative of two different manufacturing techniques. The fourth method is a novel cooling technique called a microcircuit, which combines internal convection and injection from the pressure side near a turbine blade tip. Wind tunnel tests are used to observe how effectively these designs cool the tip through adiabatic effectiveness measurements and convective heat transfer measurements. Tip gap size and blowing ratio are varied for the different tip cooling configurations. Results from these studies show that coolant injection from either the tip surface or from the pressure side near the tip are viable cooling methods. All of these studies showed better cooling could be achieved at small tip gaps than large tip gaps. The results in which the two different manufacturing techniques were compared indicated that the technique producing more of a diffused hole provided better cooling on the tip. When comparing the thermal performance of all the cooling schemes investigated, the added benefit of the internal convective cooling shows that the microcircuit outperforms the other designs.
- Masters Theses