Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorDiCarlo, Kristen Marieen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T19:50:09Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T19:50:09Z
dc.date.issued2010-12-01en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-12102010-103920en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/76904
dc.description.abstractObjective: Measure the association between School Health Index (SHI) scores and student health outcomes related to physical activity (PA) and nutrition. Design: Cross-sectional design utilized to collect SHI scores and administer questionnaires regarding nutrition and PA behaviors, knowledge and the home environment in 5 counties of southwest Virginia. Participants: Staff, administrators and students (grades 4, 7, 10; n = 1094) in 27 schools in 5 school divisions. Main Outcome Measures: SHI scores were obtained from school surveys while LWP score, student BMI percentile and fitness (mile run, PACER) measures were obtained from school data. The School Physical Activity and Nutrition questionnaire was used to measure student nutrition, PA behaviors and knowledge, and the home food environment was measured through a validated questionnaire. Analysis: Two-sided Pearson's correlation (p<0.05) measuring associations between SHI score and student health outcomes of BMI percentile, one mile/PACER, nutrition and PA behaviors and health knowledge and beliefs. Results: SHI was negatively correlated with BMI percentile for 4th grade students (-0.472, p<0.001) and positively correlated with BMI percentile for 8th grade students (0.679, p<0.001). SHI was positively correlated with 4th grade mile run (0.412, p<0.001), 8th grade mile run (0.218, p<0.001) and 4thgrade PACER (0.414, p<0.001). Conclusion: Behavioral influences are multifactorial and factors outside the school environment may affect the correlations between these variables. Application: Data concerning the influence of the school health environment can be used towards making evidence-based changes to school health programs.
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectSchool Health Indexen_US
dc.subjectdietary behaviorsen_US
dc.subjectphysical activityen_US
dc.subjectphysical fitnessen_US
dc.subjectBMIen_US
dc.titleThe School Health Environment and Student Outcomes Related to Childhood Overweight in Southwest Virginiaen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairSerrano, Elena L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHosig, Kathryn Wrighten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRedican, Kerry J.en_US
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-12102010-103920/en_US
dc.date.sdate2010-12-10en_US
dc.date.rdate2016-09-26
dc.date.adate2011-01-12en_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record