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dc.contributor.authorSarlo, Rodrigoen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-04T19:50:49Z
dc.date.available2017-04-04T19:50:49Z
dc.date.issued2015-01-19en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-01272015-173156en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/76992
dc.description.abstractArrays of fully hydrogel-supported, artificial hair cell (AHC) sensors based on bilayer membrane mechanotransduction are designed and characterized to determine sensitivity to multiple stimuli. The work draws upon key engineering design principles inspired by the characteristics of biological hair cells, primarily the use of slender hair-like structures as flow measurement elements. Many hair cell microelectromechanical (MEMS) devices to sense fluid flow have already been built based on this principle. However, recent developments in lipid bilayer applications, namely physically encapsulated bilayers and hydrogel interface bilayers, have facilitated the development of AHCs made primarily from biomolecular materials. The most current research in this field of "membrane based AHCs," shows promise, yet still lacks the modularity to create large sensor arrays similar to those in nature. This paper presents a novel bilayer based AHC platform, developed for array implementation by applying some of the core design principles of biological hair cells. These principles are translated into key design, fabrication and material considerations toward improved sensor sensitivity and modularity. Single hair cell responses to base excitation and short air pulses are to investigate the dynamic coupling between hair and bilayer membrane transducer. In addition, a spectral analysis of the AHC system under varying voltages and air flow velocities helps to build simple, predictive models for the sensitivity properties of the AHC. And finally, based on these results, we implement a spatial sensing strategy that involves mapping frequency content to stimulus location by "tuning" linear, three-unit arrays of AHCs. Individual AHC sensors characterization results demonstrate peak current outputs in the nanoamp range and measure flow velocities as high as 72 m/s. Characterization of the AHC response to base excitation and air pulses show that membrane current oscillates with the first three bending modes of the hair. Output magnitudes reflect of vibrations near the base of the hair. A 2 degree-of-freedom Rayleigh-Ritz approximation of the system dynamics yields estimates of 19 N/m and 0.0011 Nm/rad for the equivalent linear and torsional stiffness of the hair's hydrogel base, although double modes suggest non-symmetry in the gel's linear stiffness. The sensor output scales linearly with applied voltage (1.79 pA/V), avoiding a higher-order dependence on electrowetting effects. The free vibration amplitude of the sensor also increases in a linear fashion with applied airflow pressure (3.39 pA/m s??). Array sensing tests show that the bilayers' consistent spectral responses allow for an accurate localization of the airflow source. However, temporal variations in bilayer size affect sensitivity properties and make airflow magnitude estimation difficult. The overall successful implementation of the array sensing method validates the sensory capability of the bilayer based AHC.
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectfrequency decompositionen_US
dc.subjectspectral analysisen_US
dc.subjectartificial hair cellen_US
dc.subjectarray sensingen_US
dc.subjectlipid bilayeren_US
dc.titleAirflow sensing with arrays of hydrogel supported artificial hair cellsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairLeo, Donald J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKasarda, Maryen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberTarazaga, Pablo A.en_US
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-01272015-173156/en_US
dc.date.sdate2015-01-27en_US
dc.date.rdate2016-10-18
dc.date.adate2015-03-04en_US


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