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dc.contributor.authorKim, Hyun Gonen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-04-06T15:42:15Z
dc.date.available2017-04-06T15:42:15Z
dc.date.issued2010-05-03en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-05042010-163230en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/77057
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation investigates changes in size, composition, and fiscal authority of government expenditure brought on by social disturbance by examining the effects of German reunification on government spending. This research tests several hypotheses using data on total spending and six major sub-policy spending categories between 1972 and 2006. First, this study identifies strong evidence of a large upward displacement effect following reunification, with a particular emphasis on social security spending. Second, this study finds a strong and positive correlation between per capita GDP and total spending as well as social security, education, and public safety spending, which confirms Wagner's Law. Results also reveal that unemployment rate is strongly and positively related to total spending and several sub policy categories both before and after reunification. Additionally, this study finds that the proportions of the youth and elderly populations are negatively associated with total spending after reunification. However, the proportion of the youth population is positively associated with per capita education spending, as the proportion of elderly population with social security spending. The results also show that economic openness has a strong positive impact on both total spending and economic services spending; however, the relationship between economic openness and social security, education, and health spending after reunification is negative. The right party control variable has no significant impact on total spending after reunification, though party control does seem to influence social security and defense spending. Furthermore, the election variable does not have a significant impact on spending except for a positive and significant impact on social security spending after reunification. On the other hand, the coalition government and the proportion of public employees variables have strong and positive impacts on total spending and several sub-policy categories after reunification. The deficit ratio variable is found to have a positive and significant impact on total spending and public safety spending after reunification. Lastly, using a traditional expenditure ratio and a composite ratio to measure fiscal decentralization, this study finds that after reunification there is a trend towards fiscal centralization in total spending and social security, economic services, health, and public safety spending.
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectReunificationen_US
dc.subjectGovernment Expenditureen_US
dc.subjectFiscal Authorityen_US
dc.subjectSocial Disturbanceen_US
dc.subjectDisplacement Effecten_US
dc.titleThe Dynamics of Size, Composition, and Fiscal Authority in Government Expenditures: Examining The Effects of Social Disturbanceen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPublic Administration and Public Affairsen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePublic Administration and Public Affairsen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberWolf, James F.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKhademian, Anne Meredithen_US
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05042010-163230/en_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairDull, Matthew Martinen_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairChoi, Sang Oken_US
dc.date.sdate2010-05-04en_US
dc.date.rdate2016-10-03
dc.date.adate2010-05-10en_US


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