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dc.contributor.authorKlein, Jackson Alexanderen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-13T08:00:51Z
dc.date.available2017-06-13T08:00:51Z
dc.date.issued2017-06-12en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:10835en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/78031
dc.description.abstractDedicated sensors are widely used throughout many industries to monitor everyday operations, maintain safety, and report performance characteristics. In order to adopt a more sustainable solution, much research is being applied to self-powered sensing, implementing solutions which harvest wasted ambient energy sources to power these dedicated sensors. The adoption of not only wireless sensor nodes, but also self-powered capabilities in the nuclear energy process is critical as it can address issues in the overall safety and longevity of nuclear power. The removal of wires for data and power transmission can greatly reduce the cost of both installation and upkeep of power plants, while self-powered capabilities can further reduce effort and money spent in replacing batteries, and importantly may enable sensors to work even in losses to power across the plant, increasing plant safety. This thesis outlines three harvesting opportunities in the nuclear energy process from: thermal, vibration, and radiation sources in the main structure of the power plant, and from thermal and radiation energy from spent fuel in dry cask storage. Thermal energy harvesters for the primary and secondary coolant loops are outlined, and experimental analysis done on their longevity in high-radiation environments is discussed. A vibrational energy harvester for large rotating plant machine vibration is designed, prototyped, and tested, and a model is produced to describe its motion and energy output. Finally, an introduction to the design of a gamma radiation and thermal energy harvester for spent nuclear fuel canisters is discussed, and further research steps are suggested.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectEnergy Harvestingen_US
dc.subjectNuclear Power Planten_US
dc.subjectWireless Sensor Nodeen_US
dc.subjectElectromagnetic Generatoren_US
dc.subjectCompliant Mechanismen_US
dc.subjectThermoelectric Generatoren_US
dc.subjectGamma Radiationen_US
dc.subjectMCNP Simulationen_US
dc.subjectGamma Heatingen_US
dc.subjectDry Cask Storageen_US
dc.titleEnergy Harvesting Opportunities Throughout the Nuclear Power Cycle for Self-Powered Wireless Sensor Nodesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMechanical Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairZuo, Leien_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHuxtable, Scott T.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPierson, Mark Alanen_US


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