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dc.contributor.authorJelesnianski, Christopher Stanisławen_US
dc.description.abstractAs the demand for ever increasingly powerful machines continues, new architectures are sought to be the next route of breaking past the brick wall that currently stagnates the performance growth of modern multi-core CPUs. Due to physical limitations, scaling single-core performance any further is no longer possible, giving rise to modern multi-cores. However, the brick wall is now limiting the scaling of general-purpose multi-cores. Heterogeneous-core CPUs have the potential to continue scaling by reducing power consumption through exploitation of specialized and simple cores within the same chip. Heterogeneous-core CPUs join fundamentally different processors each which their own peculiar features, i.e., fast execution time, improved power efficiency, etc; enabling the building of versatile computing systems. To make heterogeneous platforms permeate the computer market, the next hurdle to overcome is the ability to provide a familiar programming model and environment such that developers do not have to focus on platform details. Nevertheless, heterogeneous platforms integrate processors with diverse characteristics and potentially a different Instruction Set Architecture (ISA), which exacerbate the complexity of the software. A brave few have begun to tread down the heterogeneous-ISA path, hoping to prove that this avenue will yield the next generation of super computers. However, many unforeseen obstacles have yet to be discovered. With this new challenge comes the clear need for efficient, developer-friendly, adaptable system software to support the efforts of making heterogeneous-ISA the golden standard for future high-performance and general-purpose computing. To foster rapid development of this technology, it is imperative to put the proper tools into the hands of developers, such as application and architecture profiling engines, in order to realize the best heterogeneous-ISA platform possible with available technology. In addition, it would be in the best interest to create tools to be as "timeless" as possible to expose fundamental concepts industry could benefit from and adopt in future designs. We demonstrate the feasibility of a compiler framework and runtime for an existing heterogeneous-ISA operating system (Popcorn Linux) for automatically scheduling compute blocks within an application on a given heterogeneous-ISA high-performance platform (in our case a platform built with Intel Xeon - Xeon Phi). With the introduced Profiler, Partitioner, and Runtime support, we prove to be able to automatically exploit the heterogeneity in an overlapping-ISA platform, being faster than native execution and other parallelism programming models. Empirically evaluating our compiler framework, we show that application execution on Popcorn Linux can be up to 52% faster than the most performant native execution for Xeon or Xeon Phi. Using our compiler framework relieves the developer from manual scheduling and porting of applications, requiring only a single profiling run per application.
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectHeterogeneous Architectureen_US
dc.subjectPerformance Profilingen_US
dc.subjectCode Transformationen_US
dc.subjectSystem Softwareen_US
dc.titleA Compiler Framework to Support and Exploit Heterogeneous Overlapping-ISA Multiprocessor Platformsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical and Computer Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineElectrical and Computer Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairRavindran, Binoyen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberJung, Changheeen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarbalace, Antonioen_US

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