The Two Point Correlation Structure of a Cylinder Wake
Molinaro, Nicholas Joseph
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In this study the complete four dimensional space time correlation function was measured in the wake of an untripped circular cylinder at a Reynolds number of 60 000. This correlation serves as the complete inflow boundary condition for an open rotor ingesting inhomogeneous turbulence. An important aspect of the turbulence ingestion problem is understanding how different inflow boundary conditions effect the sound produced by a rotor. In the present study the turbulence structure of two plane wakes were compared. Measurements completed by a previous study in the wake of a NACA 0012 airfoil were compared with the measurements completed by the present study in the wake of a cylinder. The mean flows of both plane wakes were found to be very similar, however the Reynolds stress profiles show that the cylinder wake is substantially more turbulent. The structures of the two-point correlation function in each wake are also similar, although the cylinder wake had greater maximum correlation values and was correlated at greater separations. The two-point correlation was used along with proper orthogonal decomposition to compute the average instantaneous velocity fields of both wake flows. These velocity fields represent the average eddy structures present in each wake flow. The eddy structure comparisons show that the structures in the cylinder wake are larger and better correlated at longer time delays.
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