Show simple item record

dc.contributorVirginia Techen
dc.contributor.authorWang, Guoqingen
dc.contributor.authorMcConn, Betty R.en
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Dongminen
dc.contributor.authorCline, Mark A.en
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Elizabeth R.en
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-31T15:07:12Zen
dc.date.available2017-07-31T15:07:12Zen
dc.date.issued2017-05-10en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/78486en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Broiler chickens are compulsive feeders that become obese as juveniles and are thus a unique model for metabolic disorders in humans. However, little is known about the relationship between dietary composition, fasting and refeeding and adipose tissue physiology in chicks. Our objective was to determine how dietary macronutrient composition and fasting and refeeding affect chick adipose physiology during the early post-hatch period. Methods: Chicks were fed one of three isocaloric diets after hatch: high-carbohydrate (HC; control), high-fat (HF; 30% of ME from soybean oil) or high-protein (HP; 25% vs. 22% crude protein). At 4 days post-hatch, chicks were fed (continuous ad libitum access to food), fasted (3 h food withdrawal), or refed (fasted for 3 h and refed for 1 h). Subcutaneous, clavicular, and abdominal adipose tissue was collected for histological analysis and to measure gene expression, and plasma to measure non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations (n = 6–10 per group). Results: Adipose tissue weights were reduced in chicks that were fed the HP diet and adipocyte diameter was greater in the adipose tissue of chicks that ate the HF diet. Consumption of diets differing in protein and fat content also affected gene expression; mRNAs encoding fatty acid binding protein 4 and a lipolytic enzyme, monoglyceride lipase, were greater in chicks fed the HC and HF than HP diet in all three adipose tissue depots. Fasting influenced gene expression in a depot-dependent manner, where most fasting and refeeding-induced changes were observed in the clavicular fat of chicks that consumed the HC diet. Fasting increased plasma NEFA concentrations in chicks fed the HC and HP diets. Conclusions: The decreased adipose tissue deposition in chicks fed the HP diet is likely explained by decreased rates of adipogenesis. Consumption of the HF diet was associated with greater adipose tissue deposition and larger adipocytes, likely as a result of greater rates of adipocyte hypertrophy. The depot-dependent effects of diet and fasting on gene expression may help explain mechanisms underlying metabolic distinctions among subcutaneous and visceral fat depots in humans.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherBMCen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subjectdietary macronutrientsen
dc.subjectfastingen
dc.subjectadipose tissueen
dc.subjectmRNA abundanceen
dc.subjectchicksen
dc.titleThe effects of dietary macronutrient composition on lipid metabolismassociated factor gene expression in the adipose tissue of chickens are influenced by fasting and refeedingen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.description.versionPublished versionen
dc.contributor.departmentAnimal and Poultry Sciencesen
dc.title.serialBMC Obesityen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s40608-017-0150-8en
dc.identifier.volume4en
dc.identifier.issue1en
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International