Now showing items 135-154 of 1800

    • Back to Reality: Cross domain deterrence and cyberspace 

      Brantly, Aaron F. (2018-09-01)
      This paper examines cross domain deterrence strategies involving cyber incidents. By focusing on efforts to halt Russian and Chinese cyber operations against the United States this paper examines the importance of developing, ...
    • Banishment in Public Housing: Testing an Evolution of Broken Windows 

      Torres, Jose; Aokarian, Jacob; Hawdon, James E. (2016-11-09)
      Banishment policies grant police the authority to formally ban individuals from entering public housing and arrest them for trespassing if they violate the ban. Despite its widespread use and the social consequences resulting ...
    • Battling the Bear: Ukraine's Approach to National Cybersecurity 

      Brantly, Aaron F. (2018-09-29)
      Ukraine has faced substantial challenges across multiple fronts its successful 2014 Revolution of Dignity. Among the greatest challenges Ukraine has faced is the establishment of a national cybersecurity infrastructure ...
    • BCG vaccine protection from severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) 

      Esboar, Luis E.; Molina-Cruz, Alvaro; Barillas-Mury, Carolina (National Academy of Sciences, 2020-06-09)
      A series of epidemiological explorations has suggested a negative association between national bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccination policy and the prevalence and mortality of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). ...
    • BDNF Val(66)Met Polymorphism Influences Visuomotor Associative Learning and the Sensitivity to Action Observation 

      Taschereau-Dumouchel, Vincent; Hetu, Sebastien; Michon, Pierre-Emmanuel; Vachon-Presseau, Etienne; Massicotte, Elsa; De Beaumont, Louis; Fecteau, Shirley; Poirier, Judes; Mercier, Catherine; Chagnon, Yvon C.; Jackson, Philip L. (Springer Nature, 2016-10-05)
      Motor representations in the human mirror neuron system are tuned to respond to specific observed actions. This ability is widely believed to be influenced by genetic factors, but no study has reported a genetic variant ...
    • BDNF Val(66)Met Polymorphism Is Associated with Self-Reported Empathy 

      Taschereau-Dumouchel, Vincent; Hetu, Sebastien; Bagramian, Anait; Labrecque, Alexandre; Racine, Marion; Chagnon, Yvon C.; Jackson, Philip L. (PLOS, 2016-02-12)
      Empathy is an important driver of human social behaviors and presents genetic roots that have been studied in neuroimaging using the intermediate phenotype approach. Notably, the Val66Met polymorphism of the Brain-derived ...
    • Bearing the Burden: Rural implications of licensed professionals' exclusion from Medicare 

      Fullen, Matthew C.; Wiley, Jonathan D.; Morgan, Amy A. (2019)
      Medicare beneficiaries are unable to access mental health services provided by some licensed master’s-level clinicians, including licensed professional counselors (LPCs). Provider shortages in rural localities, combined ...
    • ‘Beating the news’ with EMBERS: Forecasting Civil Unrest using Open Source Indicators 

      Ramakrishnan, Naren; Butler, Patrick; Self, Nathan; Khandpur, Rupinder P.; Saraf, Parang; Wang, Wei; Cadena, Jose; Vullikanti, Anil; Korkmaz, Gizem; Kuhlman, Chris; Marathe, Achla; Zhao, Liang; Ting, Hua; Huang, Bert; Srinivasan, Aravind; Trinh, Khoa; Getoor, Lise; Katz, Graham; Doyle, Andy; Ackermann, Chris; Zavorin, Ilya; Ford, Jim; Summers, Kristen; Fayed, Youssef; Arredondo, Jaime; Gupta, Dipak; Mares, David; Muthia, Sathappan; Chen, Feng; Lu, Chang-Tien (2014)
      We describe the design, implementation, and evaluation of EMBERS, an automated, 24x7 continuous system for forecasting civil unrest across 10 countries of Latin America using open source indicators such as tweets, news ...
    • Beginning A Patient-Centered Approach in the Design of A Diabetes Prevention Program 

      Seidel, Richard W.; Pardo, Kimberlee A.; Estabrooks, Paul A.; You, Wen; Wall, Sarah S.; Davy, Brenda M.; Almeida, Fabio A. (Mdpi Ag, 2014-02-01)
    • Behavioral and Electrophysiological Characterization of Dyt1 Heterozygous Knockout Mice 

      Yokoi, Fumiaki; Chen, Huan-Xin; Dang, Mai Tu; Cheetham, Chad C.; Campbell, Susan L.; Robert, Steven N.; Sweatt, J. David; Li, Yuqing (PLOS, 2015-03-23)
      DYT1 dystonia is an inherited movement disorder caused by mutations in DYT1 (TOR1A), which codes for torsinA. Most of the patients have a trinucleotide deletion (ΔGAG) corresponding to a glutamic acid in the C-terminal ...
    • Behavioral and neural concordance in parent-child dyadic sleep patterns 

      Lee, Tae-Ho; Miernicki, Michelle E.; Telzer, Eva H. (Elsevier, 2017-06-15)
      Sleep habits developed in adolescence shape long-term trajectories of psychological, educational, and physiological well-being. Adolescents’ sleep behaviors are shaped by their parents’ sleep at both the behavioral and ...
    • Behavioral and TMS Markers of Action Observation Might Reflect Distinct Neuronal Processes 

      Hétu, Sébastien; Taschereau-Dumouchel, Vincent; Meziane, Hadj Boumediene; Jackson, Philip L.; Mercier, Catherine (Frontiers Media S.A., 2016-09-14)
      Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) studies have shown that observing an action induces muscle-specific changes in corticospinal excitability. From a signal detection theory standpoint, this pattern can be related to ...
    • Belief about nicotine modulates subjective craving and insula activity in deprived smokers 

      Gu, Xiaosi; Lohrenz, Terry; Salas, Ramiro; Baldwin, Philip R.; Soltani, Alireza; Kirk, Ulrich; Cinciripini, Paul M.; Montague, P. Read (Frontiers, 2016-07-13)
      Little is known about the specific neural mechanisms through which cognitive factors influence craving and associated brain responses, despite the initial success of cognitive therapies in treating drug addiction. In this ...
    • Belief about nicotine selectively modulates value and reward prediction error signals in smokers 

      Gu, Xiaosi; Lohrenz, Terry; Salas, Ramiro; Baldwin, Philip R.; Soltani, Alireza; Kirk, Ulrich; Cinciripini, Paul M.; Montague, P. Read (NAS, 2015-02-24)
      Little is known about how prior beliefs impact biophysically described processes in the presence of neuroactive drugs, which presents a profound challenge to the understanding of the mechanisms and treatments of addiction. ...
    • The Benefits of Vitamin D Supplementation for Athletes: Better Performance and Reduced Risk of COVID-19 

      Grant, William B.; Lahore, Henry; Rockwell, Michelle S. (MDPI, 2020-12-04)
      The COVID-19 pandemic is having major economic and personal consequences for collegiate and professional sports. Sporting events have been canceled or postponed, and even when baseball and basketball seasons resumed in the ...
    • The Betrayal Aversion Elicitation Task: An Individual Level Betrayal Aversion Measure 

      Aimone, Jason; Ball, Sheryl B.; King-Casas, Brooks (PLOS, 2015-09-02)
      Research on betrayal aversion shows that individuals’ response to risk depends not only on probabilities and payoffs, but also on whether the risk includes a betrayal of trust. While previous studies focus on measuring ...
    • Better understanding and prediction of antiviral peptides through primary and secondary structure feature importance 

      Chowdhury, Abu Sayed; Reehl, Sarah M.; Kehn-Hall, Kylene; Bishop, Barney; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo M. (2020-11-06)
      The emergence of viral epidemics throughout the world is of concern due to the scarcity of available effective antiviral therapeutics. The discovery of new antiviral therapies is imperative to address this challenge, and ...
    • Between a Rock and a Cell Phone: Social Media Use during Mass Protests in Iran, Tunisia and Egypt 

      Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Yang, Seungwon; Sheetz, Steven D.; Li, Lin Tzy; Fox, Edward A. (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 2011-05-01), TR-11-10
      In this paper we examine the use of social media, and especially Twitter, in Iran, Tunisia and Egypt during the mass political demonstrations and protests in June 2009, December 2010 - January 2011, and February 2011, ...
    • Beyond Boundaries 2047: The Campus Plan 

      Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2018-11)
      Beyond Boundaries 2047: The Campus Plan sets out a vision for each of Virginia Tech’s campuses, building off of the goals, objectives and aspirations of the 2016 Beyond Boundaries visioning document.
    • Beyond Boundaries Steering Committee Meeting - Tuesday, February 23, 2016 

      Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2016-02-23)
      Minutes from the Beyond Boundaries steering committee meeting held on February 23, 2016, in the Library Multipurpose Room.