GSS fosters transdisciplinary study of the dynamic interplay between natural and social systems.  Faculty in this area collaborate to discover creative solutions to critical social problems emergent from human activity and environmental change, in areas such as freshwater and coastal water systems, rural environments, infectious disease, and food production and safety. Work in this area also embraces equity in the human condition by seeking the equitable distribution and availability of physical safety and well-being, psychological well-being, respect for human dignity, and access to crucial material and social resources throughout the world’s diverse communities.  

Recent Submissions

  • A modest 0.5-m rise in sea level will double the tsunami hazard in Macau 

    Li, Linlin; Switzer, Adam D.; Wang, Yu; Chan, Chung-Han; Qiu, Qiang; Weiss, Robert (AAAS, 2018-08-15)
    Rising sea levels will have overwhelmingly negative impacts on coastal communities globally. With previous research focused on how sea-level rise (SLR) affects storm-induced flooding, we show that SLR will also increase ...
  • Survival of the Enveloped Virus Phi6 in Droplets as a Function of Relative Humidity, Absolute Humidity, and Temperature 

    Prussin, Aaron J. II; Schwake, David Otto; Lin, Kaisen; Gallagher, Daniel L.; Buttling, Lauren; Marr, Linsey C. (American Society for Microbiology, 2018-04-06)
    Infectious diseases caused by enveloped viruses, such as influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), cause thousands of deaths and billions of dollars of economic losses ...
  • 2017 VASEM Summit Report: Emerging Infections and Preparedness 

    Unknown author (VASEM, 2018-01)
    A report of the 2017 Summit of the Virginia Academy of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (VASEM), in which Virginia Tech leaders, scientists, and engineers gathered to focus on challenges in emerging infections and preparedness.
  • Global Systems Science (GSS) DA and Policy SGA (PSGA) Synergies and Opportunities Workshop 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2017-09-29)
    The goals of this day-long event, held on September 29, 2017, were to identify areas for collaborative synergy and cooperation between the GSS DA and PSGA and showcase a model for future DA/SGA collaboration and shared innovation.
  • Microbes: Friend and Foe-- Two separate experiments, one investigating the AAP1 amino acid transporter using yeast as a tool and the other the effect of nitrogen fertilizer on the growth and survival of Escherichia coli on leafy greens 

    Cornman, Elle; Pilot, Guillaume; Strawn, Laura; Rideout, Steve (Virginia Tech, 2018-07-26)
    Amino acids are used by plants as transferable packages of nitrogen, an essential nutrient for plant growth. The transfer of amino acids throughout the plant is regulated at the molecular level by amino acid transporters. ...
  • Modeling the Mechanisms by Which HIV Associated Immunosuppression Influences HPV Persistence at the Oral Mucosa 

    Verma, Meghna; Erwin, Samantha; Abedi, Vida; Hontecillas, Raquel; Hoops, Stefan; Leber, Andrew; Bassaganya-Riera, Josep; Ciupe, Stanca M. (PLOS, 2017-01-06)
    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are at an increased risk of co-infection with human papilloma virus (HPV), and subsequent malignancies such as oral cancer. To determine the role of HIV-associated immune ...
  • Strongly Participatory Science and Knowledge Justice in an Environmentally Contested Region 

    Allen, Barbara L. (Sage, 2018)
    This article draws insights from a case study examining unanswered health questions of residents in two polluted towns in an industrial region in southern France. A participatory health study, as conducted by the author, ...
  • From concept to practice to policy: modeling coupled natural and human systems in lake catchments 

    Cobourn, Kelly M.; Carey, Cayelan C.; Boyle, Kevin J.; Duffy, Christopher; Dugan, Hilary A.; Farrell, Kaitlin J.; Fitchett, Leah; Hanson, Paul C.; Hart, Julia A.; Henson, Virginia Reilly; Hetherington, Amy L.; Kemanian, Armen R.; Rudstam, Lars G.; Shu, Lele; Soranno, Patricia A.; Sorice, Michael G.; Stachelek, Joseph; Ward, Nicole K.; Weathers, Kathleen C.; Weng, Weizhe; Zhang, Yu (Ecological Society of America, 2018-05-03)
    Recent debate over the scope of the U.S. Clean Water Act underscores the need to develop a robust body of scientific work that defines the connectivity between freshwater systems and people. Coupled natural and human systems ...
  • Improved Drought Prediction Using Near Real-Time Climate Forecasts and Simulated Hydrologic Conditions 

    Kang, Hyunwoo; Sridhar, Venkataramana (MDPI, 2018-05-30)
    Short-term drought forecasting is helpful for establishing drought mitigation plans and for managing risks that often ensue in water resource systems. Additionally, hydrologic modeling using high-resolution spatial and ...
  • Distributional ecology of Andes hantavirus: a macroecological approach 

    Astorga, Francisca; Escobar, Luis E; Poo-Muñoz, Daniela; Escobar-Dodero, Joaquin; Rojas-Hucks, Sylvia; Alvarado-Rybak, Mario; Duclos, Melanie; Romero-Alvarez, Daniel; Molina-Burgos, Blanca E; Peñafiel-Ricaurte, Alexandra; Toro, Frederick; Peña-Gómez, Francisco T; Peterson, A. T (2018-06-22)
    Abstract Background Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is an infection endemic in Chile and Argentina, caused by Andes hantavirus (ANDV). The rodent Oligoryzomys longicaudatus ...
  • Global Systems Science: Library Space and Services 

    Walters, Tyler (Virginia Tech Libraries, 2018-03)
    The VT Libraries imagine a commons in the Global Systems Science (GSS) building that support research and education and serves as an intellectual ecotone: a zone where several different ecosystems overlap, creating an ...
  • Temperature Effects Explain Continental Scale Distribution of Cyanobacterial Toxins 

    Mantzouki, Evanthia; Lürling, Miquel; Fastner, Jutta; de Senerpont Domis, Lisette; Wilk-Woźniak, Elżbieta; Koreivienė, Judita; Seelen, Laura; Teurlincx, Sven; Verstijnen, Yvon; Krztoń, Wojciech; Walusiak, Edward; Karosienė, Jūratė; Kasperovičienė, Jūratė; Savadova, Ksenija; Vitonytė, Irma; Cillero-Castro, Carmen; Budzyńska, Agnieszka; Goldyn, Ryszard; Kozak, Anna; Rosińska, Joanna; Szeląg-Wasielewska, Elżbieta; Domek, Piotr; Jakubowska-Krepska, Natalia; Kwasizur, Kinga; Messyasz, Beata; Pełechata, Aleksandra; Pełechaty, Mariusz; Kokocinski, Mikolaj; García-Murcia, Ana; Real, Monserrat; Romans, Elvira; Noguero-Ribes, Jordi; Duque, David Parreño; Fernández-Morán, Elísabeth; Karakaya, Nusret; Häggqvist, Kerstin; Demir, Nilsun; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Filiz, Nur; Levi, Eti E.; Iskin, Uğur; Bezirci, Gizem; Tavşanoğlu, Ülkü Nihan; Özhan, Koray; Gkelis, Spyros; Panou, Manthos; Fakioglu, Özden; Avagianos, Christos; Kaloudis, Triantafyllos; Çelik, Kemal; Yilmaz, Mete; Marcé, Rafael; Catalán, Nuria; Bravo, Andrea G.; Buck, Moritz; Colom-Montero, William; Mustonen, Kristiina; Pierson, Don; Yang, Yang; Raposeiro, Pedro M.; Gonçalves, Vítor; Antoniou, Maria G.; Tsiarta, Nikoletta; McCarthy, Valerie; Perello, Victor C.; Feldmann, Tõnu; Laas, Alo; Panksep, Kristel; Tuvikene, Lea; Gagala, Ilona; Mankiewicz-Boczek, Joana; Yağcı, Meral Apaydın; Çınar, Şakir; Çapkın, Kadir; Yağcı, Abdulkadir; Cesur, Mehmet; Bilgin, Fuat; Bulut, Cafer; Uysal, Rahmi; Obertegger, Ulrike; Boscaini, Adriano; Flaim, Giovanna; Salmaso, Nico; Cerasino, Leonardo; Richardson, Jessica; Visser, Petra M.; Verspagen, Jolanda M. H.; Karan, Tünay; Soylu, Elif Neyran; Maraşlıoğlu, Faruk; Napiórkowska-Krzebietke, Agnieszka; Ochocka, Agnieszka; Pasztaleniec, Agnieszka; Antão-Geraldes, Ana M.; Vasconcelos, Vitor; Morais, João; Vale, Micaela; Köker, Latife; Akçaalan, Reyhan; Albay, Meriç; Špoljarić Maronić, Dubravka; Stević, Filip; Žuna Pfeiffer, Tanja; Fonvielle, Jeremy; Straile, Dietmar; Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto; Hansson, Lars-Anders; Urrutia-Cordero, Pablo; Bláha, Luděk; Geriš, Rodan; Fránková, Markéta; Koçer, Mehmet Ali Turan; Alp, Mehmet Tahir; Remec-Rekar, Spela; Elersek, Tina; Triantis, Theodoros; Zervou, Sevasti-Kiriaki; Hiskia, Anastasia; Haande, Sigrid; Skjelbred, Birger; Madrecka, Beata; Nemova, Hana; Drastichova, Iveta; Chomova, Lucia; Edwards, Christine; Sevindik, Tuğba Ongun; Tunca, Hatice; Önem, Burçin; Aleksovski, Boris; Krstić, Svetislav; Vucelić, Itana Bokan; Nawrocka, Lidia; Salmi, Pauliina; Machado-Vieira, Danielle; de Oliveira, Alinne Gurjão; Delgado-Martín, Jordi; García, David; Cereijo, Jose Luís; Gomà, Joan; Trapote, Mari Carmen; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa; Obrador, Biel; Grabowska, Magdalena; Karpowicz, Maciej; Chmura, Damian; Úbeda, Bárbara; Gálvez, José Ángel; Özen, Arda; Christoffersen, Kirsten Seestern; Warming, Trine Perlt; Kobos, Justyna; Mazur-Marzec, Hanna; Pérez-Martínez, Carmen; Ramos-Rodríguez, Eloísa; Arvola, Lauri; Alcaraz-Párraga, Pablo; Toporowska, Magdalena; Pawlik-Skowronska, Barbara; Niedźwiecki, Michał; Pęczuła, Wojciech; Leira, Manel; Hernández, Armand; Moreno-Ostos, Enrique; Blanco, José María; Rodríguez, Valeriano; Montes-Pérez, Jorge Juan; Palomino, Roberto L.; Rodríguez-Pérez, Estela; Carballeira, Rafael; Camacho, Antonio; Picazo, Antonio; Rochera, Carlos; Santamans, Anna C.; Ferriol, Carmen; Romo, Susana; Soria, Juan Miguel; Dunalska, Julita; Sieńska, Justyna; Szymański, Daniel; Kruk, Marek; Kostrzewska-Szlakowska, Iwona; Jasser, Iwona; Žutinić, Petar; Gligora Udovič, Marija; Plenković-Moraj, Anđelka; Frąk, Magdalena; Bańkowska-Sobczak, Agnieszka; Wasilewicz, Michał; Özkan, Korhan; Maliaka, Valentini; Kangro, Kersti; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Paerl, Hans W.; Carey, Cayelan C.; Ibelings, Bas W. (MDPI, 2018-04-13)
    Insight into how environmental change determines the production and distribution of cyanobacterial toxins is necessary for risk assessment. Management guidelines currently focus on hepatotoxins (microcystins). Increasing ...
  • Evaluating Geologic Sources of Arsenic in Well Water in Virginia (USA) 

    VanDerwerker, Tiffany; Zhang, Lin; Ling, Erin; Benham, Brian; Schreiber, Madeline (MDPI, 2018-04-18)
    We investigated if geologic factors are linked to elevated arsenic (As) concentrations above 5 μg/L in well water in the state of Virginia, USA. Using geologic unit data mapped within GIS and two datasets of measured ...
  • Community Earth System Model Simulations Reveal the Relative Importance of Afforestation and Forest Management to Surface Temperature in Eastern North America 

    Ahlswede, Benjamin J.; Thomas, R. Quinn (MDPI, 2017-12-13)
    Afforestation changes the land surface energy balance, though the effects on climate in temperate regions is uncertain, particularly the changes associated with forest management. In this study, we used idealized Community ...
  • Understanding Long-Term Variations in Surface Ozone in United States (U.S.) National Parks 

    McGlynn, Deborah; Mao, Huiting; Wu, Zhaohua; Sive, Barkley; Sharac, Timothy (MDPI, 2018-03-25)
    Long-term surface ozone observations at 25 National Park Service sites across the United States were analyzed for processes on varying time scales using a time scale decomposition technique, the Ensemble Empirical Mode ...
  • Water Temperature, pH, and Road Salt Impacts on the Fluvial Erosion of Cohesive Streambanks 

    Hoomehr, Siavash; Akinola, Akinrotimi I.; Wynn-Thompson, Theresa; Garnand, Waverly; Eick, Matthew J. (MDPI, 2018-03-10)
    Increasing human populations and global climate change will severely stress our water resources. One potential unforeseen consequence of these stressors is accelerated stream channel erosion due to increased stream ...
  • A Statistical Framework for the Adaptive Management of Epidemiological Interventions 

    Merl, Daniel; Johnson, Leah R.; Gramacy, Robert B.; Mangel, Marc (PLOS, 2009)
    Background: Epidemiological interventions aim to control the spread of infectious disease through various mechanisms, each carrying a different associated cost. Methodology: We describe a flexible statistical framework for ...
  • Understanding uncertainty in temperature effects on vector-borne disease: a Bayesian approach 

    Johnson, Leah R.; Ben-Horin, Tal; Lafferty, Kevin D.; McNally, Amy; Mordecai, Erin; Paaijmans, Krijn P.; Pawar, Samraat; Ryan, Sadie J. (Ecological Society of America, 2015)
    Extrinsic environmental factors influence the distribution and population dynamics of many organisms, including insects that are of concern for human health and agriculture. This is particularly true for vector-borne ...
  • Disparities in spread and control of influenza in slums of Delhi: findings from an agent-based modelling study 

    Adiga, Abhijin; et al (BMJ Publishing Group, 2017-11-03)
    Objectives: This research studies the role of slums in the spread and control of infectious diseases in the National Capital Territory of India, Delhi, using detailed social contact networks of its residents. Methods: ...
  • Scaling participation in payments for ecosystem services programs 

    Sorice, Michael G.; Donlan, C. Josh; Boyle, Kevin J.; Weibin, Xu; Gelcich, Stefan (PLOS, 2018-03-09)
    Payments for ecosystem services programs have become common tools but most have failed to achieve wide-ranging conservation outcomes. The capacity for scale and impact increases when PES programs are designed through the ...

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