GSS fosters transdisciplinary study of the dynamic interplay between natural and social systems.  Faculty in this area collaborate to discover creative solutions to critical social problems emergent from human activity and environmental change, in areas such as freshwater and coastal water systems, rural environments, infectious disease, and food production and safety. Work in this area also embraces equity in the human condition by seeking the equitable distribution and availability of physical safety and well-being, psychological well-being, respect for human dignity, and access to crucial material and social resources throughout the world’s diverse communities.  

Recent Submissions

  • Seasonal dynamics of DNA and RNA viral bioaerosol communities in a daycare center 

    Prussin, Aaron J; Torres, Pedro J; Shimashita, John; Head, Steven R; Bibby, Kyle J; Kelley, Scott T; Marr, Linsey C (2019-04-01)
    Abstract Background Viruses play an important role in ecosystems, including the built environment (BE). While numerous studies have characterized bacterial and fungal microbiomes ...
  • Towards a harmonized method for the global reconnaissance of multi-class antimicrobials and other pharmaceuticals in wastewater and receiving surface waters 

    Singh, R.R.; Angeles, L.F.; Butryn, D.M.; Metch, J.W.; Garner, E.; Vikesland, P.J.; Aga, D.S. (Elsevier Ltd, 2019-01-17)
    Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem that is both pressing and challenging due to the rate at which it is spreading, and the lack of understanding of the mechanisms that link human, animal and environmental ...
  • Collaborative efforts to forecast seasonal influenza in the United States, 2015–2016 

    McGowan, C.J.; Biggerstaff, M.; Johansson, M.; Apfeldorf, K.M.; Ben-Nun, M.; Brooks, L.; Convertino, M.; Erraguntla, M.; Farrow, D.C.; Freeze, J.; Ghosh, S.; Hyun, S.; Kandula, S.; Lega, J.; Liu, Y.; Michaud, N.; Morita, H.; Niemi, J.; Ramakrishnan, N.; Ray, E.L.; Reich, N.G.; Riley, P.; Shaman, J.; Tibshirani, R.; Vespignani, A.; Zhang, Q.; Reed, C.; Rosenfeld, R.; Ulloa, N.; Will, K.; Turtle, J.; Bacon, D.; Riley, S.; Yang, W.; The Influenza Forecasting Working Group (Nature Publishing Group, 2019-01-24)
    Since 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has hosted an annual influenza season forecasting challenge. The 2015–2016 challenge consisted of weekly probabilistic forecasts of multiple targets, including ...
  • Agricultural Practices Influence Salmonella Contamination and Survival in Pre-harvest Tomato Production 

    Gu, Ganyu; Strawn, Laura K.; Oryang, David O.; Zheng, Jie; Reed, Elizabeth A.; Ottesen, Andrea R.; Bell, Rebecca L.; Chen, Yuhuan; Duret, Steven; Ingram, David T.; Reiter, Mark S.; Pfuntner, Rachel; Brown, Eric W.; Rideout, Steven L. (Frontiers, 2018-10-16)
    Between 2000 and 2010 the Eastern Shore of Virginia was implicated in four Salmonella outbreaks associated with tomato. Therefore, a multi-year study (2012-2015) was performed to investigate presumptive factors associated ...
  • A case for conserving common species 

    Frimpong, Emmanuel (PLOS, 2018-02-07)
    I grew up in a country where fish were, first and foremost, food. At the age of nine or so, I started following my dad and uncle to nearby rivers to fish on weekends, and soon I learned to make my own tackle and go back ...
  • Impact of demographic disparities in social distancing and vaccination on influenza epidemics in urban and rural regions of the United States 

    Singh, Meghendra; Sarkhel, Prasenjit; Kang, Gloria J.; Marathe, Achla; Boyle, Kevin; Murray-Tuite, Pamela; Abbas, Kaja M.; Swarup, Samarth (2019-03-04)
    Abstract Background Self-protective behaviors of social distancing and vaccination uptake vary by demographics and affect the transmission dynamics of influenza in the United ...
  • Drought and Human Impacts on Land Use and Land Cover Change in a Vietnamese Coastal Area 

    Tran, Hoa Thi; Campbell, James B.; Wynne, Randolph H.; Shao, Yang; Phan, Son Viet (MDPI, 2019-02-08)
    Drought is a dry-weather event characterized by a deficit of water resources in a period of year due to less rainfall than normal or overexploitation. This insidious hazard tends to occur frequently and more intensively ...
  • Quantifying climate sensitivity and climate-driven change in North American amphibian communities 

    Miller, David A. W.; Grant, Evan H. Campbell; Muths, Erin; Amburgey, Staci M.; Adams, Michael J.; Joseph, Maxwell B.; Waddle, J. Hardin; Johnson, Pieter T. J.; Ryan, Maureen E.; Schmidt, Benedikt R.; Calhoun, Daniel L.; Davis, Courtney L.; Fisher, Robert N.; Green, David M.; Hossack, Blake R.; Rittenhouse, Tracy A. G.; Walls, Susan C.; Bailey, Larissa L.; Cruickshank, Sam S.; Fellers, Gary M.; Gorman, Thomas A.; Haas, Carola A.; Hughson, Ward; Pilliod, David S.; Price, Steven J.; Ray, Andrew M.; Sadinski, Walt; Saenz, Daniel; Barichivich, William J.; Brand, Adrianne; Brehme, Cheryl S.; Dagit, Rosi; Delaney, Katy S.; Glorioso, Brad M.; Kats, Lee B.; Kleeman, Patrick M.; Pearl, Christopher A.; Rochester, Carlton J.; Riley, Seth P. D.; Roth, Mark; Sigafus, Brent H. (2018-09-25)
    Changing climate will impact species' ranges only when environmental variability directly impacts the demography of local populations. However, measurement of demographic responses to climate change has largely been limited ...
  • Stream Vulnerability to Widespread and Emergent Stressors: A Focus on Unconventional Oil and Gas 

    Entrekin, Sally A.; Maloney, Kelly O.; Kapo, Katherine E.; Walters, Annika W.; Evans-White, Michelle A.; Klemow, Kenneth M. (PLOS, 2015-09-23)
    Multiple stressors threaten stream physical and biological quality, including elevated nutrients and other contaminants, riparian and in-stream habitat degradation and altered natural flow regime. Unconventional oil and ...
  • Do biofilm communities respond to the chemical signatures of fracking? A test involving streams in North-central Arkansas 

    Johnson, Wilson H.; Douglas, Marlis R.; Lewis, Jeffrey A.; Stuecker, Tara N.; Carbonero, Franck G.; Austin, Bradley, J.; Evans-White, Michelle A.; Entrekin, Sally A.; Douglas, Michael E. (BMC, 2017)
    Background: Unconventional natural gas (UNG) extraction (fracking) is ongoing in 29 North American shale basins (20 states), with ~6000 wells found within the Fayetteville shale (north-central Arkansas). If the chemical ...
  • Global patterns and drivers of ecosystem functioning in rivers and riparian zones 

    Tiegs, Scott D.; Entrekin, Sally; et al (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019-01-09)
    River ecosystems receive and process vast quantities of terrestrial organic carbon, the fate of which depends strongly on microbial activity. Variation in and controls of processing rates, however, are poorly characterized ...
  • Mechanistic insights into the effect of humidity on airborne influenza virus survival, transmission and incidence 

    Marr, Linsey C.; Tang, Julian W.; Van Mullekom, Jennifer; Lakdawala, Seema S. (Royal Society Publishing, 2019-01-16)
    Influenza incidence and seasonality, along with virus survival and transmission, appear to depend at least partly on humidity, and recent studies have suggested that absolute humidity (AH) is more important than relative ...
  • Antimicrobial Resistance Prediction in PATRIC and RAST 

    Davis, James J.; Boisvert, Sebastien; Brettin, Thomas; Kenyon, Ronald W.; Mao, Chunhong; Olson, Robert; Overbeek, Ross; Santerre, John; Shukla, Maulik; Wattam, Alice R.; Will, Rebecca; Xia, Fangfang; Stevens, Rick (Springer Nature, 2016-06-14)
    The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) mechanisms in bacterial pathogens, coupled with the dwindling number of effective antibiotics, has created a global health crisis. Being able to identify the genetic ...
  • Future Global Soil Respiration Rates Will Swell Despite Regional Decreases in Temperature Sensitivity Caused by Rising Temperature 

    Jinshi, Jian; Steele, Meredith K.; Day, Susan D.; Thomas, R. Quinn (American Geophysical Union, 2018)
    Between 1960 and 2014, the global soil respiration (RSG) flux increased at a rate of 0.05 Pg C year⁻¹; however, future increase is uncertain due to variations in projected temperature and regional heterogeneity. Regional ...
  • Global Trends and Regional Variations in Studies of HIV/AIDS 

    Lakeh, Arash Baghaei; Ghaffarzadegan, Navid (Springer Nature, 2017-06-23)
    We conduct textual analysis of a sample of more than 200,000 papers written on HIV/AIDS during the past three decades. Using the Latent Dirichlet Allocation method, we disentangle studies that address behavioral and social ...
  • The evaluation of land consolidation policy in improving agricultural productivity in China 

    Jin, Xiaobin; Shao, Yang; Zhang, Zhihong; Resler, Lynn M.; Campbell, James B.; Chen, Guo; Zhou, Yinkang (Springer Nature, 2017-06-05)
    China is presently undergoing rapid economic development and unprecedented urbanization. Concerns over food security have prompted the Chinese government to implement large-scale land consolidation projects. However, no ...
  • Enhancing Food Security in Arab Countries - Phase II 2015-2017 External Evaluation Report 

    Alwang, Jeffrey; Duwayri, Mahmud; Qualset, Calvin (2018-04-18)
    The “Enhancing Food Security in Arab Countries” project (EFSAC) is an outstanding innovation to mobilize interventions to time-honored food production systems throughout a region having common environmental features. Thus, ...
  • Assessing the Impact of the CIP Genebank 

    Brenal-Galeano, Vivian; Shirey, Emma; Alwang, Jeffrey; Anglin, Noelle L.; Ellis, David; Hareau, Guy; Pradel, Willy; Norton, George (2018-10-03)
  • Potential use of zero tillage, crop residue, and nitrogen management to increase yields and economic returns of cropping systems of the Andes 

    Delgado, Jorge; Barrera, Victor; Escudero, Luis; Cartagena, Yamil; Alwang, Jeffrey; Gallagher, Robert C.; Stehouwer, Richard C.; Arevalo, Juan C.; D'Adamo, Robert; Dominguez, Juan M.; Valverde, Franklin; Alvarado, Soraya P.
    The Andean region of Ecuador is critical for the country’s food security; however, cultivation of high-slope mountainous agricultural systems that experience significant precipitation is accelerating erosion of the soils ...

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