GSS fosters transdisciplinary study of the dynamic interplay between natural and social systems.  Faculty in this area collaborate to discover creative solutions to critical social problems emergent from human activity and environmental change, in areas such as freshwater and coastal water systems, rural environments, infectious disease, and food production and safety. Work in this area also embraces equity in the human condition by seeking the equitable distribution and availability of physical safety and well-being, psychological well-being, respect for human dignity, and access to crucial material and social resources throughout the world’s diverse communities.  

Recent Submissions

  • Comparative mangrove metagenome reveals global prevalence of heavy metals and antibiotic resistome across different ecosystems 

    Imchen, Madangchanok; Kumavath, Ranjith; Barh, Debmalya; Vaz, Aline; Goes-Neto, Aristoteles; Tiwari, Sandeep; Ghosh, Preetam; Wattam, Alice R.; Azevedo, Vasco (Springer Nature, 2018-07-25)
    The mangrove ecosystem harbors a complex microbial community that plays crucial role in biogeochemical cycles. In this study, we analyzed mangrove sediments from India using de novo whole metagenome next generation sequencing ...
  • A virtual look at Epstein-Barr virus infection: Biological interpretations 

    Duca, Karen A.; Shapiro, Michael; Delgado-Eckert, Edgar; Hadinoto, Vey; Jarrah, Abdul S.; Laubenbacher, Reinhard; Lee, Kichol; Luzuriaga, Katherine; Polys, Nicholas F.; Thorley-Lawson, David A. (PLOS, 2007-10-19)
    The possibility of using computer simulation and mathematical modeling to gain insight into biological and other complex systems is receiving increased attention. However, it is as yet unclear to what extent these techniques ...
  • Disrupting Mosquito Reproduction and Parasite Development for Malaria Control 

    Childs, Lauren M.; Cai, Francisco Y.; Kakani, Evdoxia G.; Mitchell, Sara N.; Paton, Doug; Gabrieli, Paolo; Buckee, Caroline O.; Catteruccia, Flaminia (PLOS, 2016-12-15)
    The control of mosquito populations with insecticide treated bed nets and indoor residual sprays remains the cornerstone of malaria reduction and elimination programs. In light of widespread insecticide resistance in ...
  • Harnessing the Microbiome to Prevent Fungal Infections: Lessons from Amphibians 

    Walke, Jenifer B.; Belden, Lisa K. (PLOS, 2016-09-08)
    All multicellular organisms are host to microbial symbionts that constitute the microbiome and can have significant impacts on the host, including altering development, behavior, and health [1]. In turn, aspects of the ...
  • Expanding Host Range and Cross-Species Infection of Hepatitis E Virus 

    Meng, Xiang-Jin (PLOS, 2016-08-04)
    Hepatitis E is an important public health disease [1]. Although the mortality rate is less than 1% in the general population, it can reach up to 25% in infected pregnant women. According to the World Health Organization, ...
  • Effects of the Environmental Temperature on Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes: A Review 

    Reinhold, Joanna M.; Lazzari, Claudio R.; Lahondère, Chloé (MDPI, 2018-11-06)
    The temperature of the environment is one of the most important abiotic factors affecting the life of insects. As poikilotherms, their body temperature is not constant, and they rely on various strategies to minimize the ...
  • Population-Level Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution during Active Travel: Planning for Low-Exposure, Health-Promoting Cities 

    Hankey, Steve; Lindsey, Greg; Marshall, Julian D. (Environmental Health Perspectives, 2016-10-07)
    Background: Providing infrastructure and land uses to encourage active travel (i.e., bicycling and walking) are promising strategies for designing health-promoting cities. Population-level exposure to air pollution ...
  • Influenza Virus Infectivity Is Retained in Aerosols and Droplets Independent of Relative Humidity 

    Kormuth, Karen A.; Lin, Kaisen; Prussin, Aaron J.; Vejerano, Eric P.; Tiwari, Andrea J.; Cox, Steve S.; Myerburg, Michael M.; Lakdawala, Seema S.; Marr, Linsey C. (Oxford University Press, 2018-06-07)
    Pandemic and seasonal influenza viruses can be transmitted through aerosols and droplets, in which viruses must remain stable and infectious across a wide range of environmental conditions. Using humidity-controlled chambers, ...
  • Plant Essential Oils Enhance Diverse Pyrethroids against Multiple Strains of Mosquitoes and Inhibit Detoxification Enzyme Processes 

    Norris, Edmund J.; Johnson, Jacob B.; Gross, Aaron D.; Bartholomay, Lyric C.; Coats, Joel R. (MDPI, 2018-10-04)
    Mosquito-borne diseases account for the deaths of approximately 700,000 people annually throughout the world, with many more succumbing to the debilitating side effects associated with these etiologic disease agents. This ...
  • A Hydroclimatological Analysis of Precipitation in the Ganges–Brahmaputra–Meghna River Basin 

    Curtis, Scott; Crawford, Thomas; Rahman, Munshi; Paul, Bimal; Miah, M. Giashuddin; Islam, M. Rafiqul; Patel, Mohin (MDPI, 2018-09-29)
    Understanding seasonal precipitation input into river basins is important for linking large-scale climate drivers with societal water resources and the occurrence of hydrologic hazards such as floods and riverbank erosion. ...
  • Reusing Treated Wastewater: Consideration of the Safety Aspects Associated with Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistance Genes 

    Hong, Pei-Ying; Julian, Timothy R.; Pype, Marie-Laure; Jiang, Sunny C.; Nelson, Kara L.; Graham, David; Pruden, Amy; Manaia, Célia M. (MDPI, 2018-02-27)
    As more countries engage in water reuse, either intended or de facto, there is an urgent need to more comprehensively evaluate resulting environmental and public health concerns. While antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) ...
  • Low Concentrations of Silver Nanoparticles in Biosolids Cause Adverse Ecosystem Responses under Realistic Field Scenario 

    Colman, Benjamin P.; Arnaout, Christina L.; Anciaux, Sarah; Gunsch, Claudia K.; Hochella, Michael F., Jr.; Kim, Bojeong; Lowry, Gregory V.; McGill, Bonnie M.; Reinsch, Brian C.; Richardson, Curtis J.; Unrine, Jason M.; Wright, Justin P.; Yin, Liyan; Bernhardt, Emily S. (PLOS, 2013-02-27)
    A large fraction of engineered nanomaterials in consumer and commercial products will reach natural ecosystems. To date, research on the biological impacts of environmental nanomaterial exposures has largely focused on ...
  • Growth and survival relationships of 71 tree species with nitrogen and sulfur deposition across the conterminous U.S. 

    Horn, Kevin J.; Thomas, R. Quinn; Clark, Christopher M.; Pardo, Linda H.; Fenn, Mark E.; Lawrence, Gregory B.; Perakis, Steven S.; Smithwick, Erica A. H.; Baldwin, Douglas; Braun, Sabine; Nordin, Annika; Perry, Charles H.; Phelan, Jennifer N.; Schaberg, Paul G.; St. Clair, Samuel B.; Warby, Richard; Watmough, Shaun (PLOS, 2018-10-18)
    Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (N) influences forest demographics and carbon (C) uptake through multiple mechanisms that vary among tree species. Prior studies have estimated the effects of atmospheric N deposition on ...
  • Monitoring Influenza Epidemics in China with Search Query from Baidu 

    Yuan, Qingyu; Nsoesie, Elaine O.; Lv, Benfu; Peng, Geng; Chunara, Rumi; Brownstein, John S. (PLOS, 2013-05-30)
    Several approaches have been proposed for near real-time detection and prediction of the spread of influenza. These include search query data for influenza-related terms, which has been explored as a tool for augmenting ...
  • Discovery and ramifications of incidental Magnéli phase generation and release from industrial coal-burning 

    Yang, Yi; Chen, Bo; Hower, James C.; Schindler, Michael; Winkler, Christopher; Brandt, Jessica E.; Di Giulio, Richard T.; Ge, Jianping; Liu, Min; Fu, Yuhao; Zhang, Lijun; Chen, Yu-ru; Priya, Shashank; Hochella, Michael F. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-01-12)
    Coal, as one of the most economic and abundant energy sources, remains the leading fuel for producing electricity worldwide. Yet, burning coal produces more global warming CO2 relative to all other fossil fuels, and it is ...
  • Network Effects of Risk Behavior Change Following Prophylactic Interventions 

    Rajaraman, Rajmohan; Sun, Zhifeng; Sundaram, Ravi; Vullikanti, Anil Kumar S. (PLOS, 2013-08-01)
    We formulated a network-based model to understand how risk behavior change in conjunction with failure of prophylactic interventions can lead to unintended outcomes where “less (intervention) is more (effective).” Our model ...
  • Risk Map of Cholera Infection for Vaccine Deployment: The Eastern Kolkata Case 

    You, Young Ae; Ali, Mohammad; Kanungo, Suman; Sah, Binod; Manna, Byomkesh; Puri, Mahesh; Nair, G. Balakrish; Bhattacharya, Sujit Kumar; Convertino, Matteo; Deen, Jacqueline L.; Lopez, Anna Lena; Wierzba, Thomas F.; Clemens, John; Sur, Dipika (PLOS, 2013-08-02)
    Background Despite advancement of our knowledge, cholera remains a public health concern. During March-April 2010, a large cholera outbreak afflicted the eastern part of Kolkata, India. The quantification of importance ...
  • What to know before forecasting the flu 

    Chakraborty, Prithwish; Lewis, Bryan; Eubank, Stephen; Brownstein, John S.; Marathe, Madhav; Ramakrishnan, Naren (PLOS, 2018-10-12)
    Accurate and timely influenza (flu) forecasting has gained significant traction in recent times. If done well, such forecasting can aid in deploying effective public health measures. Unlike other statistical or machine ...
  • Oxygen dynamics control the burial of organic carbon in a eutrophic reservoir 

    Carey, Cayelan C.; Doubek, Jonathan P.; McClure, Ryan P.; Hanson, Paul C. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2017-12-06)
    Organic carbon (OC) mineralization in freshwaters is dependent on oxygen availability near the sediments, which controls whether OC inputs will be buried or respired. However, oxygen dynamics in waterbodies are changing ...
  • The Changing Face of Water: A Dynamic Reflection of Antibiotic Resistance Across Landscapes 

    Sanderson, Claire E.; Fox, J. Tyler; Dougherty, Eric R.; Cameron, Andrew D. S.; Alexander, Kathleen A. (Frontiers, 2018-09-06)
    Little is known about the role of surface water in the propagation of antibiotic resistance (AR), or the relationship between AR and water quality declines. While healthcare and agricultural sectors are considered the main ...

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