Recent Submissions

  • Investigating the Functions of Particles in Packed Aggregate Blend using a Discrete Element Method 

    Miao, Yinghao; Yu, Weixiao; Hou, Yue; Guo, Liyan; Wang, Linbing (2019-02-13)
    In asphalt mixture, aggregates account for up to 90% of the total volume and play an important role in the mechanical characteristics of asphalt mixture. The proportions of fine and coarse aggregates in gradation, as well ...
  • Whole-Ecosystem Experiments Reveal Varying Responses of Phytoplankton Functional Groups to Epilimnetic Mixing in a Eutrophic Reservoir 

    Lofton, Mary E.; McClure, Ryan P.; Chen, Shengyang; Little, John C.; Carey, Cayelan C. (2019-01-29)
    Water column mixing can influence community composition of pelagic phytoplankton in lakes and reservoirs. Previous studies suggest that low mixing favors cyanobacteria, while increased mixing favors green algae and diatoms. ...
  • Drought and Human Impacts on Land Use and Land Cover Change in a Vietnamese Coastal Area 

    Tran, Hoa Thi; Campbell, James B.; Wynne, Randolph H.; Shao, Yang; Phan, Son Viet (2019-02-08)
    Drought is a dry-weather event characterized by a deficit of water resources in a period of year due to less rainfall than normal or overexploitation. This insidious hazard tends to occur frequently and more intensively ...
  • Effects of Producer and Transmission Reliability on the Sustainability Assessment of Power System Networks 

    Vargas-Jaramillo, Jose R.; Montanez-Barrera, Jhon A.; von Spakovsky, Michael R.; Mili, Lamine; Cano-Andrade, Sergio (2019-02-10)
    Details are presented of the development and incorporation of a generation and transmission reliability approach in an upper-level sustainability assessment framework for power system planning. This application represents ...
  • Functionalized Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanocomposite Membranes with Controlled Interfacial Transport for Improved Reverse Osmosis Performance 

    Smith, Ethan D.; Hendren, Keith D.; Haag, James V.; Foster, E. Johan; Martin, Stephen M. (MDPI, 2019-01-20)
    Thin-film nanocomposite membranes (TFNs) are a recent class of materials that use nanoparticles to provide improvements over traditional thin-film composite (TFC) reverse osmosis membranes by addressing various design ...
  • The Reliability and Validity of the Loadsol® under Various Walking and Running Conditions 

    Renner, Kristen E.; Williams, DS Blaise; Queen, Robin M. (MDPI, 2019-01-11)
    The assessment of loading during walking and running has historically been limited to data collection in laboratory settings or with devices that require a computer connection. This study aims to determine if the ...
  • Implementation Phase Safety System for Minimising Construction Project Waste 

    Mahfuth, Kamal; Loulizi, Amara; Al Hallaq, Khalid; Tayeh, Bassam A. (MDPI, 2019-01-18)
    The construction sector is a key component of a nation’s gross domestic product, but its inherent nature results in potentially dangerous conditions that affect the safety of all workers on construction projects ...
  • Results from the Cuore Experiment 

    Caminata, Alessio; Adams, Douglas; Alduino, Chris; Alfonso, Krystal; Avignone, Frank; Azzolini, Oscar; Bari, Giacomo; Bellini, Fabio; Benato, Giovanni; Bersani, Andrea; Biassoni, Matteo; Branca, Antonio; Brofferio, Chiara; Bucci, Carlo; Campani, Alice; Canonica, Lucia; Cao, Xi-Guang; Capelli, Silvia; Cappelli, Luigi; Cardani, Laura; Carniti, Paolo; Casali, Nicola; Chiesa, Davide; Chott, Nicholas; Clemenza, Massimiliano; Copello, Simone; Cosmelli, Carlo; Cremonesi, Oliviero; Creswick, Richard; Cushman, Jeremy; D’Addabbo, Antonio; D’Aguanno, Damiano; Dafinei, Ioan; Davis, Christopher; Dell’Oro, Stefano; Deninno, Milena; Di Domizio, Sergio; Dompè, Valentina; Drobizhev, Alexey; Fang, De-Qing; Fantini, Guido; Faverzani, Marco; Ferri, Elena; Ferroni, Fernando; Fiorini, Ettore; Franceschi, Massimo Alberto; Freedman, Stuart; Fujikawa, Brian; Giachero, Andrea; Gironi, Luca; Giuliani, Andrea; Gorla, Paolo; Gotti, Claudio; Gutierrez, Thomas; Han, Ke; Heeger, Karsten; Hennings-Yeomans, Raul; Huang, Roger; Huang, Huan Zhong; Johnston, Joe; Keppel, Giorgio; Kolomensky, Yury; Leder, Alexander; Ligi, Carlo; Ma, Yu-Gang; Marini, Laura; Martinez, Maria; Maruyama, Reina; Mei, Yuan; Moggi, Niccolo; Morganti, Silvio; Napolitano, Tommaso; Nastasi, Massimiliano; Nones, Claudia; Norman, Eric; Novati, Valentina; Nucciotti, Angelo; Nutini, Irene; O’Donnell, Thomas; Ouellet, Jonathan; Pagliarone, Carmine; Pallavicini, Marco; Pattavina, Luca; Pavan, Maura; Pessina, Gianluigi; Pettinacci, Valerio; Pira, Cristian; Pirro, Stefano; Pozzi, Stefano; Previtali, Ezio; Puiu, Andrei; Rosenfeld, Carl; Rusconi, Claudia; Sakai, Michinari; Sangiorgio, Samuele; Schmidt, Benjamin; Scielzo, Nick; Singh, Vivek; Sisti, Monica; Speller, Danielle; Taffarello, Luca; Terranova, Francesco; Tomei, Claudia; Vignati, Marco; Wagaarachchi, Sachinthya; Wang, Barbara; Welliver, Bradford; Wilson, Jeffrey; Wilson, Kevin; Winslow, Lindley; Wise, Tom; Zanotti, Luigi; Zimmermann, Sergio; Zucchelli, Stefano (MDPI, 2019-01-02)
    The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is the first bolometric experiment searching for neutrinoless double beta decay that has been able to reach the 1-ton scale. The detector consists of an array ...
  • Materials for the Spine: Anatomy, Problems, and Solutions 

    Frost, Brody A.; Camarero-Espinosa, Sandra; Foster, E. Johan (MDPI, 2019-01-14)
    Disc degeneration affects 12% to 35% of a given population, based on genetics, age, gender, and other environmental factors, and usually occurs in the lumbar spine due to heavier loads and more strenuous motions. Degeneration ...
  • City-Wide Eco-Routing Navigation Considering Vehicular Communication Impacts 

    Elbery, Ahmed; Rakha, Hesham (MDPI, 2019-01-12)
    Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs) utilize Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANETs) to collect, disseminate, and share data with the Traffic Management Center (TMC) and different actuators. Consequently, packet drop and ...
  • A Coherent Performance for Noncoherent Wireless Systems Using AdaBoost Technique 

    Gamal, Heba; Ismail, Nour Eldin; Rizk, M. R. M.; Khedr, Mohamed E.; Aly, Moustafa H. (MDPI, 2019-01-11)
    Boosting is a machine learning approach built upon the idea of producing a highly precise prediction rule by combining many relatively weak and imprecise rules. The Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost) algorithm was the first ...
  • Microorganisms Collected from the Surface of Freshwater Lakes Using a Drone Water Sampling System (DOWSE) 

    Benson, James; Hanlon, Regina; Seifried, Teresa M.; Baloh, Philipp; Powers, Craig W.; Grothe, Hinrich; Schmale, David G. (MDPI, 2019-01-16)
    New tools and technology are needed to study microorganisms in freshwater environments. Little is known about spatial distribution and ice nucleation activity (INA) of microorganisms in freshwater lakes. We developed a ...
  • Review of Pedestrian Load Models for Vibration Serviceability Assessment of Floor Structures 

    Muhammad, Zandy; Reynolds, Paul; Avci, Onur; Hussein, Mohammed (MDPI, 2018-12-25)
    Innovative design and technological advancements in the construction industry have resulted in an increased use of large, slender and lightweight floors in contemporary office buildings. Compounded by an ever-increasing ...
  • Use of Electroencephalography (EEG) for the Analysis of Emotional Perception and Fear to Nightscapes 

    Kim, Mintai; Cheon, SangHyun; Kang, Youngeun (MDPI, 2019-01-04)
    As the necessity for safety and aesthetic of nightscape have arisen, the importance of nightscapes (i.e., nighttime landscape) planning has garnered the attention of mainstream consciousness. Therefore, this study was to ...
  • Extracting Interactions between Flying Bat Pairs Using Model-Free Methods 

    Roy, Subhradeep; Howes, Kayla; Müller, Rolf; Butail, Sachit; Abaid, Nicole (MDPI, 2019-01-09)
    Social animals exhibit collective behavior whereby they negotiate to reach an agreement, such as the coordination of group motion. Bats are unique among most social animals, since they use active sensory echolocation by ...
  • From Synapse to Function: A Perspective on the Role of Neuroproteomics in Elucidating Mechanisms of Drug Addiction 

    Natividad, Luis A.; Buczynski, Matthew W.; McClatchy, Daniel B.; Yates, John R. (MDPI, 2018-12-09)
    Drug addiction is a complex disorder driven by dysregulation in molecular signaling across several different brain regions. Limited therapeutic options currently exist for treating drug addiction and related psychiatric ...
  • Broccoli Fluorets: Split Aptamers as a User-Friendly Fluorescent Toolkit for Dynamic RNA Nanotechnology 

    Chandler, Morgan; Lyalina, Tatiana; Halman, Justin; Rackley, Lauren; Lee, Lauren; Dang, Dylan; Ke, Weina; Sajja, Sameer; Woods, Steven; Acharya, Shrija; Baumgarten, Elijah; Christopher, Jonathan; Elshalia, Emman; Hrebien, Gabriel; Kublank, Kinzey; Saleh, Saja; Stallings, Bailey; Tafere, Michael; Striplin, Caryn; Afonin, Kirill A. (MDPI, 2018-12-02)
    RNA aptamers selected to bind fluorophores and activate their fluorescence offer a simple and modular way to visualize native RNAs in cells. Split aptamers which are inactive until the halves are brought within close ...
  • Aging in Flood-Prone Coastal Areas: Discerning the Health and Well-Being Risk for Older Residents 

    Bukvic, Anamaria; Gohlke, Julia; Borate, Aishwarya; Suggs, Jessica (MDPI, 2018-12-18)
    Coastal communities are increasingly exposed to more intense and frequent hurricanes, accelerated sea-level rise, and prolonged tidal inundation, yet they are often a preferred retirement destination for older adults ...
  • Coordinated Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) and Ground-Based Weather Measurements to Predict Lagrangian Coherent Structures (LCSs) 

    Nolan, Peter J.; Pinto, James; González-Rocha, Javier; Jensen, Anders; Vezzi, Christina N.; Bailey, Sean C. C.; de Boer, Gijs; Diehl, Constantin; Laurence, Roger; Powers, Craig W.; Foroutan, Hosein; Ross, Shane D.; Schmale, David G. (MDPI, 2018-12-15)
    Concentrations of airborne chemical and biological agents from a hazardous release are not spread uniformly. Instead, there are regions of higher concentration, in part due to local atmospheric flow conditions which can ...
  • Mineral Soil Chemical Properties as Influenced by Long-Term Use of Prescribed Fire with Differing Frequencies in a Southeastern Coastal Plain Pine Forest 

    Coates, Thomas Adam; Hagan, Donald L.; Aust, Wallace Michael; Johnson, Andrew; Keen, John Caleb; Chow, Alex T.; Dozier, James H. (MDPI, 2018-11-27)
    Recent studies suggest increased fire frequency may impair soil chemistry, but few studies have examined long-term effects of repeated, frequent prescribed fires on forest soil properties in the southeastern Coastal Plain, ...

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