Recent Submissions

  • Fast Extended Depth-of-Field Reconstruction for Complex Holograms Using Block Partitioned Entropy Minimization 

    Tsang, Peter Wai Ming; Poon, Ting-Chung; Liu, Jung-Ping (MDPI, 2018-05-21)
    Optical scanning holography (OSH) is a powerful and effective method for capturing the complex hologram of a three-dimensional (3-D) scene. Such captured complex hologram is called optical scanned hologram. However, ...
  • A VP26-mNeonGreen Capsid Fusion HSV-2 Mutant Reactivates from Viral Latency in the Guinea Pig Genital Model with Normal Kinetics 

    Pieknik, Julianna R.; Bertke, Andrea S.; Tang, Shuang; Krause, Philip R. (MDPI, 2018-05-08)
    Fluorescent herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are invaluable tools for localizing virus in cells, permitting visualization of capsid trafficking and enhancing neuroanatomical research. Fluorescent viruses can also be used to ...
  • Non-Invasive Detection of Respiration and Heart Rate with a Vehicle Seat Sensor 

    Wusk, Grace; Gabler, Hampton (MDPI, 2018-05-08)
    This study demonstrates the feasibility of using a seat sensor designed for occupant classification from a production passenger vehicle to measure an occupant’s respiration rate (RR) and heart rate (HR) in a laboratory ...
  • Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Forest Cover Change in Teknaf, Bangladesh 

    Hassan, Mohammad Mehedy; Smith, Audrey Culver; Walker, Katherine; Rahman, Munshi Khaledur; Southworth, Jane (MDPI, 2018-04-30)
    Following a targeted campaign of violence by Myanmar military, police, and local militias, more than half a million Rohingya refugees have fled to neighboring Bangladesh since August 2017, joining thousands of others living ...
  • Temperature Effects Explain Continental Scale Distribution of Cyanobacterial Toxins 

    Mantzouki, Evanthia; Lürling, Miquel; Fastner, Jutta; de Senerpont Domis, Lisette; Wilk-Woźniak, Elżbieta; Koreivienė, Judita; Seelen, Laura; Teurlincx, Sven; Verstijnen, Yvon; Krztoń, Wojciech; Walusiak, Edward; Karosienė, Jūratė; Kasperovičienė, Jūratė; Savadova, Ksenija; Vitonytė, Irma; Cillero-Castro, Carmen; Budzyńska, Agnieszka; Goldyn, Ryszard; Kozak, Anna; Rosińska, Joanna; Szeląg-Wasielewska, Elżbieta; Domek, Piotr; Jakubowska-Krepska, Natalia; Kwasizur, Kinga; Messyasz, Beata; Pełechata, Aleksandra; Pełechaty, Mariusz; Kokocinski, Mikolaj; García-Murcia, Ana; Real, Monserrat; Romans, Elvira; Noguero-Ribes, Jordi; Duque, David Parreño; Fernández-Morán, Elísabeth; Karakaya, Nusret; Häggqvist, Kerstin; Demir, Nilsun; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Filiz, Nur; Levi, Eti E.; Iskin, Uğur; Bezirci, Gizem; Tavşanoğlu, Ülkü Nihan; Özhan, Koray; Gkelis, Spyros; Panou, Manthos; Fakioglu, Özden; Avagianos, Christos; Kaloudis, Triantafyllos; Çelik, Kemal; Yilmaz, Mete; Marcé, Rafael; Catalán, Nuria; Bravo, Andrea G.; Buck, Moritz; Colom-Montero, William; Mustonen, Kristiina; Pierson, Don; Yang, Yang; Raposeiro, Pedro M.; Gonçalves, Vítor; Antoniou, Maria G.; Tsiarta, Nikoletta; McCarthy, Valerie; Perello, Victor C.; Feldmann, Tõnu; Laas, Alo; Panksep, Kristel; Tuvikene, Lea; Gagala, Ilona; Mankiewicz-Boczek, Joana; Yağcı, Meral Apaydın; Çınar, Şakir; Çapkın, Kadir; Yağcı, Abdulkadir; Cesur, Mehmet; Bilgin, Fuat; Bulut, Cafer; Uysal, Rahmi; Obertegger, Ulrike; Boscaini, Adriano; Flaim, Giovanna; Salmaso, Nico; Cerasino, Leonardo; Richardson, Jessica; Visser, Petra M.; Verspagen, Jolanda M. H.; Karan, Tünay; Soylu, Elif Neyran; Maraşlıoğlu, Faruk; Napiórkowska-Krzebietke, Agnieszka; Ochocka, Agnieszka; Pasztaleniec, Agnieszka; Antão-Geraldes, Ana M.; Vasconcelos, Vitor; Morais, João; Vale, Micaela; Köker, Latife; Akçaalan, Reyhan; Albay, Meriç; Špoljarić Maronić, Dubravka; Stević, Filip; Žuna Pfeiffer, Tanja; Fonvielle, Jeremy; Straile, Dietmar; Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto; Hansson, Lars-Anders; Urrutia-Cordero, Pablo; Bláha, Luděk; Geriš, Rodan; Fránková, Markéta; Koçer, Mehmet Ali Turan; Alp, Mehmet Tahir; Remec-Rekar, Spela; Elersek, Tina; Triantis, Theodoros; Zervou, Sevasti-Kiriaki; Hiskia, Anastasia; Haande, Sigrid; Skjelbred, Birger; Madrecka, Beata; Nemova, Hana; Drastichova, Iveta; Chomova, Lucia; Edwards, Christine; Sevindik, Tuğba Ongun; Tunca, Hatice; Önem, Burçin; Aleksovski, Boris; Krstić, Svetislav; Vucelić, Itana Bokan; Nawrocka, Lidia; Salmi, Pauliina; Machado-Vieira, Danielle; de Oliveira, Alinne Gurjão; Delgado-Martín, Jordi; García, David; Cereijo, Jose Luís; Gomà, Joan; Trapote, Mari Carmen; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa; Obrador, Biel; Grabowska, Magdalena; Karpowicz, Maciej; Chmura, Damian; Úbeda, Bárbara; Gálvez, José Ángel; Özen, Arda; Christoffersen, Kirsten Seestern; Warming, Trine Perlt; Kobos, Justyna; Mazur-Marzec, Hanna; Pérez-Martínez, Carmen; Ramos-Rodríguez, Eloísa; Arvola, Lauri; Alcaraz-Párraga, Pablo; Toporowska, Magdalena; Pawlik-Skowronska, Barbara; Niedźwiecki, Michał; Pęczuła, Wojciech; Leira, Manel; Hernández, Armand; Moreno-Ostos, Enrique; Blanco, José María; Rodríguez, Valeriano; Montes-Pérez, Jorge Juan; Palomino, Roberto L.; Rodríguez-Pérez, Estela; Carballeira, Rafael; Camacho, Antonio; Picazo, Antonio; Rochera, Carlos; Santamans, Anna C.; Ferriol, Carmen; Romo, Susana; Soria, Juan Miguel; Dunalska, Julita; Sieńska, Justyna; Szymański, Daniel; Kruk, Marek; Kostrzewska-Szlakowska, Iwona; Jasser, Iwona; Žutinić, Petar; Gligora Udovič, Marija; Plenković-Moraj, Anđelka; Frąk, Magdalena; Bańkowska-Sobczak, Agnieszka; Wasilewicz, Michał; Özkan, Korhan; Maliaka, Valentini; Kangro, Kersti; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Paerl, Hans W.; Carey, Cayelan C.; Ibelings, Bas W. (MDPI, 2018-04-13)
    Insight into how environmental change determines the production and distribution of cyanobacterial toxins is necessary for risk assessment. Management guidelines currently focus on hepatotoxins (microcystins). Increasing ...
  • Dietary Flavonoids in the Prevention of T2D: An Overview 

    Alkhalidy, Hana; Wang, Yao; Liu, Dongmin (MDPI, 2018-03-31)
    Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a progressive metabolic disease that is increasing in prevalence globally. It is well established that insulin resistance (IR) and a progressive decline in functional β-cell mass are hallmarks of ...
  • Evaluating Geologic Sources of Arsenic in Well Water in Virginia (USA) 

    VanDerwerker, Tiffany; Zhang, Lin; Ling, Erin; Benham, Brian; Schreiber, Madeline (MDPI, 2018-04-18)
    We investigated if geologic factors are linked to elevated arsenic (As) concentrations above 5 μg/L in well water in the state of Virginia, USA. Using geologic unit data mapped within GIS and two datasets of measured ...
  • Community Earth System Model Simulations Reveal the Relative Importance of Afforestation and Forest Management to Surface Temperature in Eastern North America 

    Ahlswede, Benjamin J.; Thomas, R. Quinn (MDPI, 2017-12-13)
    Afforestation changes the land surface energy balance, though the effects on climate in temperate regions is uncertain, particularly the changes associated with forest management. In this study, we used idealized Community ...
  • Understanding Long-Term Variations in Surface Ozone in United States (U.S.) National Parks 

    McGlynn, Deborah; Mao, Huiting; Wu, Zhaohua; Sive, Barkley; Sharac, Timothy (MDPI, 2018-03-25)
    Long-term surface ozone observations at 25 National Park Service sites across the United States were analyzed for processes on varying time scales using a time scale decomposition technique, the Ensemble Empirical Mode ...
  • Water Temperature, pH, and Road Salt Impacts on the Fluvial Erosion of Cohesive Streambanks 

    Hoomehr, Siavash; Akinola, Akinrotimi I.; Wynn-Thompson, Theresa; Garnand, Waverly; Eick, Matthew J. (MDPI, 2018-03-10)
    Increasing human populations and global climate change will severely stress our water resources. One potential unforeseen consequence of these stressors is accelerated stream channel erosion due to increased stream ...
  • Intra-Urban Microclimate Effects on Phenology 

    Parece, Tammy E.; Campbell, James B. (MDPI, 2018-03-16)
    The urban heat island effect is commonly defined as the thermal differences between cooler rural and warmer urban areas, but it also refers to microclimatic differences within an urban area that arises from varied combinations ...
  • Mortality and Recovery of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid (Adelges tsugae) in Response to Winter Temperatures and Predictions for the Future 

    McAvoy, Thomas. J.; Régnière, Jacques; St-Amant, Rémi; Schneeberger, Noel F.; Salom, Scott M. (MDPI, 2017-12-12)
    Eastern (Tsuga canadensis) and Carolina hemlocks (T. caroliniana) of eastern North America have been attacked by the non-native hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand) (HWA) since the first half ...
  • Spatiotemporal Variation in Environmental Vibrio cholerae in an Estuary in Southern Coastal Ecuador 

    Ryan, Sadie J.; Stewart-Ibarra, Anna M.; Ordóñez-Enireb, Eunice; Chu, Winnie; Finkelstein, Julia L.; King, Christine A.; Escobar, Luis E.; Lupone, Christina; Heras, Froilan; Tauzer, Erica; Waggoner, Egan; James, Tyler G.; Cárdenas, Washington B.; Polhemus, Mark (MDPI, 2018-03-10)
    Cholera emergence is strongly linked to local environmental and ecological context. The 1991–2004 pandemic emerged in Perú and spread north into Ecuador’s El Oro province, making this a key site for potential re-emergence. ...
  • A Spatial Analysis of the Relationship between Vegetation and Poverty 

    Dawson, Teddy; Sandoval, J.S. Onésimo; Sagan, Vasit; Crawford, Thomas (MDPI, 2018-03-01)
    The goal of this paper was to investigate poverty and inequities that are associated with vegetation. First, we performed a pixel-level linear regression on time-series and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) for ...
  • The Reproducibility and Comparative Validity of a Non-Nutritive Sweetener Food Frequency Questionnaire 

    Myers, Emily A.; Passaro, Erin M.; Hedrick, Valisa E. (MDPI, 2018-03-10)
    In order to better assess non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) consumption, measurement tools with greater utility are needed. The objective of this investigation is to determine the reproducibility and validity of a newly developed ...
  • Trend Detection for the Extent of Irrigated Agriculture in Idaho’s Snake River Plain, 1984–2016 

    Chance, Eric W.; Cobourn, Kelly M.; Thomas, Valerie A. (MDPI, 2018-01-19)
    Understanding irrigator responses to changes in water availability is critical for building strategies to support effective management of water resources. Using remote sensing data, we examine farmer responses to seasonal ...
  • A Review of the Integrated Effects of Changing Climate, Land Use, and Dams on Mekong River Hydrology 

    Pokhrel, Yadu; Burbano, Mateo; Roush, Jacob; Kang, Hyunwoo; Sridhar, Venkataramana; Hyndman, David W. (MDPI, 2018-03-03)
    The ongoing and proposed construction of large-scale hydropower dams in the Mekong river basin is a subject of intense debate and growing international concern due to the unprecedented and potentially irreversible impacts ...
  • Developing Socio-Techno-Economic-Political (STEP) Solutions for Addressing Resource Nexus Hotspots 

    Daher, Bassel; Mohtar, Rabi H.; Pistikopoulos, Efstratios N.; Portney, Kent E.; Kaiser, Ronald; Saad, Walid (MDPI, 2018-02-14)
    The challenge of meeting increasing water, energy, and food needs is linked not only to growing demands globally, but also to the growing interdependency between these interconnected resource systems. Pressures on these ...
  • Online Aerial Terrain Mapping for Ground Robot Navigation 

    Peterson, John; Chaudhry, Haseeb; Abdelatty, Karim; Bird, John; Kochersberger, Kevin (MDPI, 2018-02-20)
    This work presents a collaborative unmanned aerial and ground vehicle system which utilizes the aerial vehicle’s overhead view to inform the ground vehicle’s path planning in real time. The aerial vehicle acquires imagery ...
  • Use of an Integrated Research-Practice Partnership to Improve Outcomes of a Community-Based Strength-Training Program for Older Adults: Reach and Effect of Lifelong Improvements through Fitness Together (LIFT) 

    Wilson, Meghan L.; Strayer, Thomas E.; Davis, Rebecca; Harden, Samantha M. (MDPI, 2018-01-31)
    Only 17% of older adults meet the recommendations for two days of full body strength training that is associated with improved functional fitness; reduced risk of falls; and reduced morbidity and mortality rates. Community-based ...

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