Recent Submissions

  • Efficient Formulation and Implementation of Data Assimilation Methods 

    Nino-Ruiz, Elias D.; Sandu, Adrian; Cheng, Haiyan (MDPI, 2018-07-06)
    This Special Issue presents efficient formulations and implementations of sequential and variational data assimilation methods. The methods address three important issues in the context of operational data assimilation: ...
  • Effectiveness of Prevailing Flush Guidelines to Prevent Exposure to Lead in Tap Water 

    Katner, Adrienne; Pieper, Kelsey; Brown, Komal; Lin, Hui-Yi; Parks, Jeffrey; Wang, Xinnan; Hu, Chih-Yang; Masters, Sheldon; Mielke, Howard; Edwards, Marc (MDPI, 2018-07-20)
    Flushing tap water is promoted as a low cost approach to reducing water lead exposures. This study evaluated lead reduction when prevailing flush guidelines (30 s–2 min) are implemented in a city compliant with ...
  • Connexin 43-Based Therapeutics for Dermal Wound Healing 

    Montgomery, Jade; Ghatnekar, Gautam S.; Grek, Christina L.; Moyer, Kurtis E.; Gourdie, Robert G. (MDPI, 2018-06-15)
    The most ubiquitous gap junction protein within the body, connexin 43 (Cx43), is a target of interest for modulating the dermal wound healing response. Observational studies found associations between Cx43 at the wound ...
  • Inulin Supplementation Does Not Reduce Plasma Trimethylamine N-Oxide Concentrations in Individuals at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes 

    Baugh, Mary Elizabeth; Steele, Cortney N.; Angiletta, Christopher J.; Mitchell, Cassie M.; Neilson, Andrew P.; Davy, Brenda M.; Hulver, Matthew W.; Davy, Kevin P. (MDPI, 2018-06-20)
    Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and increased risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Prebiotic supplementation has been purported to reduce TMAO production, but whether ...
  • Electrospun PVA Polymer Embedded with Ceria Nanoparticles as Silicon Solar Cells Rear Surface Coaters for Efficiency Improvement 

    Samir, Effat; Salah, Mohamed; Hajjiah, Ali; Shehata, Nader; Fathy, Marwa; Hamed, Aya (MDPI, 2018-06-04)
    This paper introduces electrospun nanofibers embedded with ceria nanoparticles as silicon solar cells coaters, showing their influence on the solar cells efficiency. Ceria nanoparticles can be synthesized to have formed ...
  • “Smart” Tools for Socially Sustainable Transport: A Review of Mobility Apps 

    Gebresselassie, Mahtot; Sanchez, Thomas W. (MDPI, 2018-05-30)
    In the smart city, information and communications technologies (ICTs) are proposed as solutions to urban challenges, including sustainability concerns. While sustainability commonly refers to economic and environmental ...
  • Lanthanide-Doped Ceria Nanoparticles as Backside Coaters to Improve Silicon Solar Cell Efficiency 

    Hajjiah, Ali; Samir, Effat; Shehata, Nader; Salah, Mohamed (MDPI, 2018-05-23)
    This paper introduces lanthanide-doped ceria nanoparticles as silicon solar cell back-side coaters, showing their influence on the solar cell efficiency. Ceria nanoparticles can be synthesized to have formed oxygen vacancies ...
  • Sustainable Construction Risk Perceptions in the Kuwaiti Construction Industry 

    Ismael, Dalya; Shealy, Tripp (MDPI, 2018-06-03)
    Sustainable construction is fundamentally different than traditional construction because it requires whole systems thinking, early collaboration across stakeholders, and core principles like reducing resource consumption, ...
  • Skateboards as a Sustainable Recyclable Material 

    Willard, Dylan T.; Loferski, Joseph R. (MDPI, 2018-05-15)
    The exact number of skateboards manufactured every year is unknown, but it is estimated to be in the millions. Most skateboard decks are made from a high grade of maple (Acer spp.) veneer plywood and typically last only a ...
  • Improved Drought Prediction Using Near Real-Time Climate Forecasts and Simulated Hydrologic Conditions 

    Kang, Hyunwoo; Sridhar, Venkataramana (MDPI, 2018-05-30)
    Short-term drought forecasting is helpful for establishing drought mitigation plans and for managing risks that often ensue in water resource systems. Additionally, hydrologic modeling using high-resolution spatial and ...
  • Cluster Sampling Filters for Non-Gaussian Data Assimilation 

    Attia, Ahmed; Moosavi, Azam; Sandu, Adrian (MDPI, 2018-05-31)
    This paper presents a fully non-Gaussian filter for sequential data assimilation. The filter is named the “cluster sampling filter”, and works by directly sampling the posterior distribution following a ...
  • Influence of Propulsion Type on the Stratified Near Wake of an Axisymmetric Self-Propelled Body 

    Jones, Matthew C.; Paterson, Eric G. (MDPI, 2018-05-01)
    To better understand the influence of swirl on the thermally-stratified near wake of a self-propelled axisymmetric vehicle, three propulsor schemes were considered: a single propeller, contra-rotating propellers (CRP), and ...
  • Dynamical Properties of Postural Control in Obese Community-Dwelling Older Adults 

    Frames, Christopher W.; Soangra, Rahul; Lockhart, Thurmon E.; Lach, John; Ha, Dong Sam; Roberto, Karen A.; Lieberman, Abraham (MDPI, 2018-05-24)
    Postural control is a key aspect in preventing falls. The aim of this study was to determine if obesity affected balance in community-dwelling older adults and serve as an indicator of fall risk. The participants were ...
  • Fast Extended Depth-of-Field Reconstruction for Complex Holograms Using Block Partitioned Entropy Minimization 

    Tsang, Peter Wai Ming; Poon, Ting-Chung; Liu, Jung-Ping (MDPI, 2018-05-21)
    Optical scanning holography (OSH) is a powerful and effective method for capturing the complex hologram of a three-dimensional (3-D) scene. Such captured complex hologram is called optical scanned hologram. However, ...
  • A VP26-mNeonGreen Capsid Fusion HSV-2 Mutant Reactivates from Viral Latency in the Guinea Pig Genital Model with Normal Kinetics 

    Pieknik, Julianna R.; Bertke, Andrea S.; Tang, Shuang; Krause, Philip R. (MDPI, 2018-05-08)
    Fluorescent herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are invaluable tools for localizing virus in cells, permitting visualization of capsid trafficking and enhancing neuroanatomical research. Fluorescent viruses can also be used to ...
  • Non-Invasive Detection of Respiration and Heart Rate with a Vehicle Seat Sensor 

    Wusk, Grace; Gabler, Hampton (MDPI, 2018-05-08)
    This study demonstrates the feasibility of using a seat sensor designed for occupant classification from a production passenger vehicle to measure an occupant’s respiration rate (RR) and heart rate (HR) in a laboratory ...
  • Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Forest Cover Change in Teknaf, Bangladesh 

    Hassan, Mohammad Mehedy; Smith, Audrey Culver; Walker, Katherine; Rahman, Munshi Khaledur; Southworth, Jane (MDPI, 2018-04-30)
    Following a targeted campaign of violence by Myanmar military, police, and local militias, more than half a million Rohingya refugees have fled to neighboring Bangladesh since August 2017, joining thousands of others living ...
  • Temperature Effects Explain Continental Scale Distribution of Cyanobacterial Toxins 

    Mantzouki, Evanthia; Lürling, Miquel; Fastner, Jutta; de Senerpont Domis, Lisette; Wilk-Woźniak, Elżbieta; Koreivienė, Judita; Seelen, Laura; Teurlincx, Sven; Verstijnen, Yvon; Krztoń, Wojciech; Walusiak, Edward; Karosienė, Jūratė; Kasperovičienė, Jūratė; Savadova, Ksenija; Vitonytė, Irma; Cillero-Castro, Carmen; Budzyńska, Agnieszka; Goldyn, Ryszard; Kozak, Anna; Rosińska, Joanna; Szeląg-Wasielewska, Elżbieta; Domek, Piotr; Jakubowska-Krepska, Natalia; Kwasizur, Kinga; Messyasz, Beata; Pełechata, Aleksandra; Pełechaty, Mariusz; Kokocinski, Mikolaj; García-Murcia, Ana; Real, Monserrat; Romans, Elvira; Noguero-Ribes, Jordi; Duque, David Parreño; Fernández-Morán, Elísabeth; Karakaya, Nusret; Häggqvist, Kerstin; Demir, Nilsun; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Filiz, Nur; Levi, Eti E.; Iskin, Uğur; Bezirci, Gizem; Tavşanoğlu, Ülkü Nihan; Özhan, Koray; Gkelis, Spyros; Panou, Manthos; Fakioglu, Özden; Avagianos, Christos; Kaloudis, Triantafyllos; Çelik, Kemal; Yilmaz, Mete; Marcé, Rafael; Catalán, Nuria; Bravo, Andrea G.; Buck, Moritz; Colom-Montero, William; Mustonen, Kristiina; Pierson, Don; Yang, Yang; Raposeiro, Pedro M.; Gonçalves, Vítor; Antoniou, Maria G.; Tsiarta, Nikoletta; McCarthy, Valerie; Perello, Victor C.; Feldmann, Tõnu; Laas, Alo; Panksep, Kristel; Tuvikene, Lea; Gagala, Ilona; Mankiewicz-Boczek, Joana; Yağcı, Meral Apaydın; Çınar, Şakir; Çapkın, Kadir; Yağcı, Abdulkadir; Cesur, Mehmet; Bilgin, Fuat; Bulut, Cafer; Uysal, Rahmi; Obertegger, Ulrike; Boscaini, Adriano; Flaim, Giovanna; Salmaso, Nico; Cerasino, Leonardo; Richardson, Jessica; Visser, Petra M.; Verspagen, Jolanda M. H.; Karan, Tünay; Soylu, Elif Neyran; Maraşlıoğlu, Faruk; Napiórkowska-Krzebietke, Agnieszka; Ochocka, Agnieszka; Pasztaleniec, Agnieszka; Antão-Geraldes, Ana M.; Vasconcelos, Vitor; Morais, João; Vale, Micaela; Köker, Latife; Akçaalan, Reyhan; Albay, Meriç; Špoljarić Maronić, Dubravka; Stević, Filip; Žuna Pfeiffer, Tanja; Fonvielle, Jeremy; Straile, Dietmar; Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto; Hansson, Lars-Anders; Urrutia-Cordero, Pablo; Bláha, Luděk; Geriš, Rodan; Fránková, Markéta; Koçer, Mehmet Ali Turan; Alp, Mehmet Tahir; Remec-Rekar, Spela; Elersek, Tina; Triantis, Theodoros; Zervou, Sevasti-Kiriaki; Hiskia, Anastasia; Haande, Sigrid; Skjelbred, Birger; Madrecka, Beata; Nemova, Hana; Drastichova, Iveta; Chomova, Lucia; Edwards, Christine; Sevindik, Tuğba Ongun; Tunca, Hatice; Önem, Burçin; Aleksovski, Boris; Krstić, Svetislav; Vucelić, Itana Bokan; Nawrocka, Lidia; Salmi, Pauliina; Machado-Vieira, Danielle; de Oliveira, Alinne Gurjão; Delgado-Martín, Jordi; García, David; Cereijo, Jose Luís; Gomà, Joan; Trapote, Mari Carmen; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa; Obrador, Biel; Grabowska, Magdalena; Karpowicz, Maciej; Chmura, Damian; Úbeda, Bárbara; Gálvez, José Ángel; Özen, Arda; Christoffersen, Kirsten Seestern; Warming, Trine Perlt; Kobos, Justyna; Mazur-Marzec, Hanna; Pérez-Martínez, Carmen; Ramos-Rodríguez, Eloísa; Arvola, Lauri; Alcaraz-Párraga, Pablo; Toporowska, Magdalena; Pawlik-Skowronska, Barbara; Niedźwiecki, Michał; Pęczuła, Wojciech; Leira, Manel; Hernández, Armand; Moreno-Ostos, Enrique; Blanco, José María; Rodríguez, Valeriano; Montes-Pérez, Jorge Juan; Palomino, Roberto L.; Rodríguez-Pérez, Estela; Carballeira, Rafael; Camacho, Antonio; Picazo, Antonio; Rochera, Carlos; Santamans, Anna C.; Ferriol, Carmen; Romo, Susana; Soria, Juan Miguel; Dunalska, Julita; Sieńska, Justyna; Szymański, Daniel; Kruk, Marek; Kostrzewska-Szlakowska, Iwona; Jasser, Iwona; Žutinić, Petar; Gligora Udovič, Marija; Plenković-Moraj, Anđelka; Frąk, Magdalena; Bańkowska-Sobczak, Agnieszka; Wasilewicz, Michał; Özkan, Korhan; Maliaka, Valentini; Kangro, Kersti; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Paerl, Hans W.; Carey, Cayelan C.; Ibelings, Bas W. (MDPI, 2018-04-13)
    Insight into how environmental change determines the production and distribution of cyanobacterial toxins is necessary for risk assessment. Management guidelines currently focus on hepatotoxins (microcystins). Increasing ...
  • Dietary Flavonoids in the Prevention of T2D: An Overview 

    Alkhalidy, Hana; Wang, Yao; Liu, Dongmin (MDPI, 2018-03-31)
    Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a progressive metabolic disease that is increasing in prevalence globally. It is well established that insulin resistance (IR) and a progressive decline in functional β-cell mass are hallmarks of ...
  • Evaluating Geologic Sources of Arsenic in Well Water in Virginia (USA) 

    VanDerwerker, Tiffany; Zhang, Lin; Ling, Erin; Benham, Brian; Schreiber, Madeline (MDPI, 2018-04-18)
    We investigated if geologic factors are linked to elevated arsenic (As) concentrations above 5 μg/L in well water in the state of Virginia, USA. Using geologic unit data mapped within GIS and two datasets of measured ...

View more