Now showing items 343-362 of 461

    • Radioactive Cobalt(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions Using a Reusable Nanocomposite: Kinetic, Isotherms, and Mechanistic Study 

      Zhang, Xiaotao; Wang, Ximing; Chen, Zhangjing (MDPI, 2017-11-24)
      A lignocellulose/montmorillonite (LMT) nanocomposite was prepared as a reusable adsorbent for cobalt(II) ions, and characterized by nitrogen (N2) adsorption/desorption isotherm, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning ...
    • A Range-Wide Experiment to Investigate Nutrient and Soil Moisture Interactions in Loblolly Pine Plantations 

      Will, Rodney E.; Fox, Thomas R.; Akers, Madison; Domec, Jean-Christophe; González-Benecke, Carlos; Jokela, Eric J.; Kane, Michael; Laviner, Marshall A.; Lokuta, Geoffrey; Markewitz, Daniel; McGuire, Mary Anne; Meek, Cassandra; Noormets, Asko; Samuelson, Lisa; Seiler, John R.; Strahm, Brian; Teskey, Robert; Vogel, Jason; Ward, Eric; West, Jason; Wilson, Duncan; Martin, Timothy A. (MDPI, 2015-06-03)
      The future climate of the southeastern USA is predicted to be warmer, drier and more variable in rainfall, which may increase drought frequency and intensity. Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) is the most important ...
    • Rapid Removal of Zinc(II) from Aqueous Solutions Using a Mesoporous Activated Carbon Prepared from Agricultural Waste 

      Zhang, Xiaotao; Hao, Yinan; Wang, Ximing; Chen, Zhangjing (MDPI, 2017-08-28)
      A low-cost activated carbon (XSBLAC) prepared from Xanthoceras Sorbifolia Bunge hull via chemical activation was investigated to determine its adsorption and desorption properties for zinc(II) ...
    • Real-Time Forecast of Hydrologically Sensitive Areas in the Salmon Creek Watershed, New York State, Using an Online Prediction Tool 

      Dahlke, Helen E.; Easton, Zachary M.; Fuka, Daniel R.; Walter, M. Todd; Steenhuis, Tammo S. (MDPI, 2013-07-02)
      In the northeastern United States (U.S.), watersheds and ecosystems are impacted by nonpoint source pollution (NPS) from agricultural activity. Where agricultural fields coincide with runoff-producing areas—so called ...
    • Recent Progress on PZT Based Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Technologies 

      Kang, Min-Gyu; Jung, Woo-Suk; Kang, Chong-Yun; Yoon, Seok-Jin (MDPI, 2016-02-22)
      Energy harvesting is the most effective way to respond to the energy shortage and to produce sustainable power sources from the surrounding environment. The energy harvesting technology enables scavenging electrical energy ...
    • Reclaimed Water for Turfgrass Irrigation 

      Evanylo, Gregory; Ervin, Erik; Zhang, Xunzhong (MDPI, 2010-09-21)
      Sustainable irrigation of turfgrass grown on coarse-textured soils with reclaimed water must avoid detrimental effects of soluble salts on plant growth and soil quality and groundwater enrichment of nitrogen (N) and ...
    • Reducing Reforestation Costs in Lebanon: Adaptive Field Trials 

      Haroutunian, Garabet (Garo); Chojnacky, David C.; El Riachy, Richard; Chojnacky, Cindy C. (MDPI, 2017-05-17)
      Lebanon’s Ministry of Environment initiated a project in 2009 to determine low-cost reforestation techniques for stone pine (Pinus pinea) and Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani) for large-scale land rehabilitation ...
    • Reference Gene Selection for Quantitative Real-Time Reverse-Transcriptase PCR in Annual Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) Subjected to Various Abiotic Stresses 

      Liu, Qiuxu; Qi, Xiao; Yan, Haidong; Huang, Linkai; Nie, Gang; Zhang, Xinquan (MDPI, 2018-01-16)
      To select the most stable reference genes in annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), we studied annual ryegrass leaf tissues exposed to various abiotic stresses by qRT-PCR and selected 11 candidate reference genes, ...
    • REGEN: Ancestral Genome Reconstruction for Bacteria 

      Yang, Kuan; Heath, Lenwood S.; Setubal, João C. (MDPI, 2012-07-18)
      Ancestral genome reconstruction can be understood as a phylogenetic study with more details than a traditional phylogenetic tree reconstruction. We present a new computational system called REGEN for ancestral bacterial ...
    • Regulation of Cytoskeleton Organization by Sphingosine in a Mouse Cell Model of Progressive Ovarian Cancer 

      Creekmore, Amy; Heffron, C.; Brayfield, Bradley; Roberts, Paul; Schmelz, Eva (MDPI, 2013-07-16)
      Ovarian cancer is a multigenic disease and molecular events driving ovarian cancer progression are not well established. We have previously reported the dysregulation of the cytoskeleton during ovarian cancer progression ...
    • Regulatory T Cells in Arterivirus and Coronavirus Infections: Do They Protect Against Disease or Enhance it? 

      Cecere, Thomas E.; Todd, S. Michelle; LeRoith, Tanya (MDPI, 2012-05-01)
      Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a subset of T cells that are responsible for maintaining peripheral immune tolerance and homeostasis. The hallmark of Tregs is the expression of the forkhead box P3 ...
    • Relationship between Leadership and Characteristics of Learning Organizations in Deployed Military Units: An Exploratory Study 

      Di Schiena, Raffaella; Letens, Geert; Van Aken, Eileen M.; Farris, Jennifer (MDPI, 2013-09-13)
      Previous research has shown that military units operating in the context of risky missions display the characteristics of a Learning Organization. The present work provides preliminary exploratory evidence about the ...
    • Relationship between Organic Carbon and Opportunistic Pathogens in Simulated Glass Water Heaters 

      Williams, Krista; Pruden, Amy; Falkinham, Joseph O. III; Edwards, Marc A. (MDPI, 2015-06-09)
      Controlling organic carbon levels in municipal water has been hypothesized to limit downstream growth of bacteria and opportunistic pathogens in premise plumbing (OPPPs). Here, the relationships between influent organic ...
    • The Reliability and Validity of the Loadsol® under Various Walking and Running Conditions 

      Renner, Kristen E.; Williams, D. S. Blaise; Queen, Robin M. (MDPI, 2019-01-11)
      The assessment of loading during walking and running has historically been limited to data collection in laboratory settings or with devices that require a computer connection. This study aims to determine if the ...
    • Renewable Hydrogen Carrier — Carbohydrate: Constructing the Carbon-Neutral Carbohydrate Economy 

      Zhang, Y.-H. Percival; Mielenz, Jonathan R. (MDPI, 2011-01-31)
      The hydrogen economy presents an appealing energy future but its implementation must solve numerous problems ranging from low-cost sustainable production, high-density storage, costly infrastructure, to eliminating safety ...
    • Reorganize Your Blogs: Supporting Blog Re-visitation with Natural Language Processing and Visualization 

      Niu, Shuo; McCrickard, D. Scott; Stelter, Timothy L.; Dix, Alan; Taylor, G. Don (MDPI, 2019-10-07)
      Temporally-connected personal blogs contain voluminous textual content, presenting challenges in re-visiting and reflecting on experiences. Other data repositories have benefited from natural language processing (NLP) and ...
    • The Reproducibility and Comparative Validity of a Non-Nutritive Sweetener Food Frequency Questionnaire 

      Myers, Emily A.; Passaro, Erin M.; Hedrick, Valisa E. (MDPI, 2018-03-10)
      In order to better assess non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) consumption, measurement tools with greater utility are needed. The objective of this investigation is to determine the reproducibility and validity of a newly developed ...
    • Reproductive Potential of Field-collected Populations of Cimex lectularius L. and the Cost of Traumatic Insemination 

      Polanco, Andrea; Miller, Dini M.; Brewster, Carlyle C. (MDPI, 2011-07-05)
      Egg production was compared among three field-collected bed bug strains over the course of 13 feeding/oviposition cycles, each of which lasted ~10 days. No significant differences were found among bed bug strains in the ...
    • A Research on Low Modulus Distributed Fiber Optical Sensor for Pavement Material Strain Monitoring 

      Meng, Lingjian; Wang, Linbing; Hou, Yue; Yan, Guannan (MDPI, 2017-10-19)
      The accumulated irreversible deformation in pavement under repeated vehicle loadings will cause fatigue failure of asphalt concrete. It is necessary to monitor the mechanical response of pavement under load by using sensors. ...
    • Results from the Cuore Experiment 

      Caminata, Alessio; Adams, Douglas; Alduino, Chris; Alfonso, Krystal; Avignone, Frank; Azzolini, Oscar; Bari, Giacomo; Bellini, Fabio; Benato, Giovanni; Bersani, Andrea; Biassoni, Matteo; Branca, Antonio; Brofferio, Chiara; Bucci, Carlo; Campani, Alice; Canonica, Lucia; Cao, Xi-Guang; Capelli, Silvia; Cappelli, Luigi; Cardani, Laura; Carniti, Paolo; Casali, Nicola; Chiesa, Davide; Chott, Nicholas; Clemenza, Massimiliano; Copello, Simone; Cosmelli, Carlo; Cremonesi, Oliviero; Creswick, Richard; Cushman, Jeremy; D’Addabbo, Antonio; D’Aguanno, Damiano; Dafinei, Ioan; Davis, Christopher; Dell’Oro, Stefano; Deninno, Milena; Di Domizio, Sergio; Dompè, Valentina; Drobizhev, Alexey; Fang, De-Qing; Fantini, Guido; Faverzani, Marco; Ferri, Elena; Ferroni, Fernando; Fiorini, Ettore; Franceschi, Massimo Alberto; Freedman, Stuart; Fujikawa, Brian; Giachero, Andrea; Gironi, Luca; Giuliani, Andrea; Gorla, Paolo; Gotti, Claudio; Gutierrez, Thomas; Han, Ke; Heeger, Karsten; Hennings-Yeomans, Raul; Huang, Roger; Huang, Huan Zhong; Johnston, Joe; Keppel, Giorgio; Kolomensky, Yury; Leder, Alexander; Ligi, Carlo; Ma, Yu-Gang; Marini, Laura; Martinez, Maria; Maruyama, Reina; Mei, Yuan; Moggi, Niccolo; Morganti, Silvio; Napolitano, Tommaso; Nastasi, Massimiliano; Nones, Claudia; Norman, Eric; Novati, Valentina; Nucciotti, Angelo; Nutini, Irene; O’Donnell, Thomas; Ouellet, Jonathan; Pagliarone, Carmine; Pallavicini, Marco; Pattavina, Luca; Pavan, Maura; Pessina, Gianluigi; Pettinacci, Valerio; Pira, Cristian; Pirro, Stefano; Pozzi, Stefano; Previtali, Ezio; Puiu, Andrei; Rosenfeld, Carl; Rusconi, Claudia; Sakai, Michinari; Sangiorgio, Samuele; Schmidt, Benjamin; Scielzo, Nick; Singh, Vivek; Sisti, Monica; Speller, Danielle; Taffarello, Luca; Terranova, Francesco; Tomei, Claudia; Vignati, Marco; Wagaarachchi, Sachinthya; Wang, Barbara; Welliver, Bradford; Wilson, Jeffrey; Wilson, Kevin; Winslow, Lindley; Wise, Tom; Zanotti, Luigi; Zimmermann, Sergio; Zucchelli, Stefano (MDPI, 2019-01-02)
      The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is the first bolometric experiment searching for neutrinoless double beta decay that has been able to reach the 1-ton scale. The detector consists of an array ...