Now showing items 358-377 of 461

    • Reorganize Your Blogs: Supporting Blog Re-visitation with Natural Language Processing and Visualization 

      Niu, Shuo; McCrickard, D. Scott; Stelter, Timothy L.; Dix, Alan; Taylor, G. Don (MDPI, 2019-10-07)
      Temporally-connected personal blogs contain voluminous textual content, presenting challenges in re-visiting and reflecting on experiences. Other data repositories have benefited from natural language processing (NLP) and ...
    • The Reproducibility and Comparative Validity of a Non-Nutritive Sweetener Food Frequency Questionnaire 

      Myers, Emily A.; Passaro, Erin M.; Hedrick, Valisa E. (MDPI, 2018-03-10)
      In order to better assess non-nutritive sweetener (NNS) consumption, measurement tools with greater utility are needed. The objective of this investigation is to determine the reproducibility and validity of a newly developed ...
    • Reproductive Potential of Field-collected Populations of Cimex lectularius L. and the Cost of Traumatic Insemination 

      Polanco, Andrea; Miller, Dini M.; Brewster, Carlyle C. (MDPI, 2011-07-05)
      Egg production was compared among three field-collected bed bug strains over the course of 13 feeding/oviposition cycles, each of which lasted ~10 days. No significant differences were found among bed bug strains in the ...
    • A Research on Low Modulus Distributed Fiber Optical Sensor for Pavement Material Strain Monitoring 

      Meng, Lingjian; Wang, Linbing; Hou, Yue; Yan, Guannan (MDPI, 2017-10-19)
      The accumulated irreversible deformation in pavement under repeated vehicle loadings will cause fatigue failure of asphalt concrete. It is necessary to monitor the mechanical response of pavement under load by using sensors. ...
    • Results from the Cuore Experiment 

      Caminata, Alessio; Adams, Douglas; Alduino, Chris; Alfonso, Krystal; Avignone, Frank; Azzolini, Oscar; Bari, Giacomo; Bellini, Fabio; Benato, Giovanni; Bersani, Andrea; Biassoni, Matteo; Branca, Antonio; Brofferio, Chiara; Bucci, Carlo; Campani, Alice; Canonica, Lucia; Cao, Xi-Guang; Capelli, Silvia; Cappelli, Luigi; Cardani, Laura; Carniti, Paolo; Casali, Nicola; Chiesa, Davide; Chott, Nicholas; Clemenza, Massimiliano; Copello, Simone; Cosmelli, Carlo; Cremonesi, Oliviero; Creswick, Richard; Cushman, Jeremy; D’Addabbo, Antonio; D’Aguanno, Damiano; Dafinei, Ioan; Davis, Christopher; Dell’Oro, Stefano; Deninno, Milena; Di Domizio, Sergio; Dompè, Valentina; Drobizhev, Alexey; Fang, De-Qing; Fantini, Guido; Faverzani, Marco; Ferri, Elena; Ferroni, Fernando; Fiorini, Ettore; Franceschi, Massimo Alberto; Freedman, Stuart; Fujikawa, Brian; Giachero, Andrea; Gironi, Luca; Giuliani, Andrea; Gorla, Paolo; Gotti, Claudio; Gutierrez, Thomas; Han, Ke; Heeger, Karsten; Hennings-Yeomans, Raul; Huang, Roger; Huang, Huan Zhong; Johnston, Joe; Keppel, Giorgio; Kolomensky, Yury; Leder, Alexander; Ligi, Carlo; Ma, Yu-Gang; Marini, Laura; Martinez, Maria; Maruyama, Reina; Mei, Yuan; Moggi, Niccolo; Morganti, Silvio; Napolitano, Tommaso; Nastasi, Massimiliano; Nones, Claudia; Norman, Eric; Novati, Valentina; Nucciotti, Angelo; Nutini, Irene; O’Donnell, Thomas; Ouellet, Jonathan; Pagliarone, Carmine; Pallavicini, Marco; Pattavina, Luca; Pavan, Maura; Pessina, Gianluigi; Pettinacci, Valerio; Pira, Cristian; Pirro, Stefano; Pozzi, Stefano; Previtali, Ezio; Puiu, Andrei; Rosenfeld, Carl; Rusconi, Claudia; Sakai, Michinari; Sangiorgio, Samuele; Schmidt, Benjamin; Scielzo, Nick; Singh, Vivek; Sisti, Monica; Speller, Danielle; Taffarello, Luca; Terranova, Francesco; Tomei, Claudia; Vignati, Marco; Wagaarachchi, Sachinthya; Wang, Barbara; Welliver, Bradford; Wilson, Jeffrey; Wilson, Kevin; Winslow, Lindley; Wise, Tom; Zanotti, Luigi; Zimmermann, Sergio; Zucchelli, Stefano (MDPI, 2019-01-02)
      The Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) is the first bolometric experiment searching for neutrinoless double beta decay that has been able to reach the 1-ton scale. The detector consists of an array ...
    • Retinoic Acid, Leaky Gut, and Autoimmune Diseases 

      Abdelhamid, Leila; Luo, Xin M. (MDPI, 2018-08-03)
      A leaky gut has been observed in a number of autoimmune diseases including type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Previous studies from our laboratory have shown ...
    • Reusing Treated Wastewater: Consideration of the Safety Aspects Associated with Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria and Antibiotic Resistance Genes 

      Hong, Pei-Ying; Julian, Timothy R.; Pype, Marie-Laure; Jiang, Sunny C.; Nelson, Kara L.; Graham, David; Pruden, Amy; Manaia, Célia M. (MDPI, 2018-02-27)
      As more countries engage in water reuse, either intended or de facto, there is an urgent need to more comprehensively evaluate resulting environmental and public health concerns. While antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) ...
    • Review and Research Needs of Bioretention Used for the Treatment of Urban Stormwater 

      Liu, Jia; Sample, David J.; Bell, Cameron; Guan, Yuntao (MDPI, 2014-04-24)
      The continued development of urban areas in recent decades has caused multiple issues affecting the sustainability of urban drainage systems. The increase of impervious surface areas in urban regions alters watershed ...
    • Review of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Approach to Canine Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease 

      Menciotti, Giulio; Borgarelli, Michele (MDPI, 2017-09-26)
      The most common heart disease that affects dogs is myxomatous mitral valve disease. In this article, we review the current diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to this disease, and we also present some of the latest ...
    • A Review of Gas Injection in Shale Reservoirs: Enhanced Oil/Gas Recovery Approaches and Greenhouse Gas Control 

      Du, Fengshuang; Nojabaei, Bahareh (MDPI, 2019-06-19)
      Shale oil and gas resources contribute significantly to the energy production in the U.S. Greenhouse gas emissions come from combustion of fossil fuels from potential sources of power plants, oil refineries, and flaring ...
    • A Review of Modeling Bioelectrochemical Systems: Engineering and Statistical Aspects 

      Luo, Shuai; Sun, Hongyue; Ping, Qingyun; Jin, Ran; He, Zhen (MDPI, 2016-02-18)
      Bioelectrochemical systems (BES) are promising technologies to convert organic compounds in wastewater to electrical energy through a series of complex physical-chemical, biological and electrochemical processes. Representative ...
    • Review of Pedestrian Load Models for Vibration Serviceability Assessment of Floor Structures 

      Muhammad, Zandy; Reynolds, Paul; Avci, Onur; Hussein, Mohammed (MDPI, 2018-12-25)
      Innovative design and technological advancements in the construction industry have resulted in an increased use of large, slender and lightweight floors in contemporary office buildings. Compounded by an ever-increasing ...
    • A Review of the Integrated Effects of Changing Climate, Land Use, and Dams on Mekong River Hydrology 

      Pokhrel, Yadu; Burbano, Mateo; Roush, Jacob; Kang, Hyunwoo; Sridhar, Venkataramana; Hyndman, David W. (MDPI, 2018-03-03)
      The ongoing and proposed construction of large-scale hydropower dams in the Mekong river basin is a subject of intense debate and growing international concern due to the unprecedented and potentially irreversible impacts ...
    • A Review on Low-Grade Thermal Energy Harvesting: Materials, Methods and Devices 

      Kishore, Ravi Anant; Priya, Shashank (MDPI, 2018-08-14)
      Combined rejected and naturally available heat constitute an enormous energy resource that remains mostly untapped. Thermal energy harvesting can provide a cost-effective and reliable way to convert available heat into ...
    • A Robotic Head Stabilization Device for Medical Transport 

      Williams, Adam; Sebastian, Bijo; Ben-Tzvi, Pinhas (MDPI, 2019-03-25)
      In this paper, the design and control of a robotic device intended to stabilize the head and neck of a trauma patient during transport are presented. When transporting a patient who has suffered a traumatic head injury, ...
    • Rohingya Refugee Crisis and Forest Cover Change in Teknaf, Bangladesh 

      Hassan, Mohammad Mehedy; Smith, Audrey Culver; Walker, Katherine; Rahman, Munshi Khaledur; Southworth, Jane (MDPI, 2018-04-30)
      Following a targeted campaign of violence by Myanmar military, police, and local militias, more than half a million Rohingya refugees have fled to neighboring Bangladesh since August 2017, joining thousands of others living ...
    • Root Characteristics of Perennial Warm-Season Grasslands Managed for Grazing and Biomass Production 

      Bonin, Catherine; Flores, Joao; Lal, Rattan; Tracy, Benjamin (MDPI, 2013-07-08)
      Minirhizotrons were used to study root growth characteristics in recently established fields dominated by perennial C4-grasses that were managed either for cattle grazing or biomass production for bioenergy in Virginia, ...
    • Scaling Law for Photon Transmission through Optically Turbid Slabs Based on Random Walk Theory 

      Li, Xuesong; Ma, Lin (MDPI, 2012-03-01)
      Past work has demonstrated the value of a random walk theory (RWT) to solve multiple-scattering problems arising in numerous contexts. This paper's goal is to investigate the application range of the RWT using Monte Carlo ...
    • Screen-Printed Soft-Nitrided Carbon Electrodes for Detection of Hydrogen Peroxide 

      Ogbu, Chidiebere I.; Feng, Xu; Dada, Samson N.; Bishop, Gregory W. (MDPI, 2019-08-29)
      Nitrogen-doped carbon materials have garnered much interest due to their electrocatalytic activity towards important reactions such as the reduction of hydrogen peroxide. N-doped carbon materials are typically prepared and ...
    • Seafood Processing and Safety 

      Jahncke, Michael L. (MDPI, 2016-05-13)
      Food microorganisms are found on all surfaces (skin and gills) and in the intestines of fishery products.[...]