Commutative rings with homomorphic power functions
Dobbs, David E.
Kiltinen, John O.
Orndorff, Bobby J.
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A (commutative) ring R (with identity) is called m-linear (for an integer m≥2) if (a+b)m=am+bm for all a and b in R. The m-linear reduced rings are characterized, with special attention to the finite case. A structure theorem reduces the study of m-linearity to the case of prime characteristic, for which the following result establishes an analogy with finite fields. For each prime p and integer m≥2 which is not a power of p, there exists an integer s≥m such that, for each ring R of characteristic p, R is m-linear if and only if rm=rps for each r in R. Additional results and examples are given.