Now showing items 1-20 of 100

    • A Model for a Smallpox-Vaccination Policy 

      Bozzette, Samuel A.; Boer, Rob; Bhatnagar, Vibha; Brower, Jennifer L.; Keeler, Emmett B.; Morton, Sally C.; Stoto, Michael A. (NEJM Group, 2003-01-30)
      Background: The new reality of biologic terrorism and warfare has ignited a debate about whether to reintroduce smallpox vaccination. Methods: We developed scenarios of smallpox attacks and built a stochastic model of ...
    • Aging and the Social Cognitive Determinants of Physical Activity Behavior and Behavior Change: Evidence from the Guide to Health Trial 

      Anderson-Bill, Eileen Smith; Winett, Richard A.; Wojcik, Janet R.; Williams, David M. (Hindawi, 2011-04-28)
      Part one of this study investigated the effect of aging on social-cognitive characteristics related to physical activity (PA) among adults in the baseline phase of a health promotion intervention. Participants' questionnaire ...
    • Aging, resistance training, and diabetes prevention. 

      Flack, Kyle D.; Davy, Kevin P.; Hulver, Matthew W.; Winett, Richard A.; Frisard, Madlyn I.; Davy, Brenda M. (2010-12-15)
      With the aging of the baby-boom generation and increases in life expectancy, the American population is growing older. Aging is associated with adverse changes in glucose tolerance and increased risk of diabetes; the ...
    • Applying Best Supply Chain Practices to Humanitarian Relief 

      Russell, Roberta S.; Hiller, Janine S. (Penn State, 2015-05)
      With the growth in length and breadth of extended supply chains, more companies are employing risk management techniques and resilience planning to deal with burgeoning and costly supply chain disruptions. As companies can ...
    • Are Ayurvedic herbs for diabetes effective? 

      Shekelle, Paul G.; Hardy, Mary; Morton, Sally C.; Coulter, Ian; Venuturupalli, Swamy; Favreau, Joya; Hilton, Lara K. (Frontline Medical Communications Inc., 2005-10)
      Objective: To evaluate and synthesize the evidence on the effect of Ayurvedic therapies for diabetes mellitus. Design: Systematic review of trials. Measurements and main results: We found no study that assessed ...
    • Arlington County Emergency Alerts: Enhancing Enrollment and Effectiveness 

      Grant, Milicent; Tyner, Samantha; Ziemer, Kathryn (Virginia Tech, 2017)
      Emergency alerts are an efficient tool for keeping populations well informed during high-risk situations. In collaboration with Arlington County, our laboratory conducted a pilot study to identify messaging patterns that ...
    • Association of Spinal Manipulative Therapy With Clinical Benefit and Harm for Acute Low Back Pain Systematic Review and Meta-analysis 

      Morton, Sally C.; et al (AMA, 2017-04-11)
      IMPORTANCE Acute low back pain is common and spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) is a treatment option. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and meta-analyses have reported different conclusions about the effectiveness of SMT. ...
    • Beginning A Patient-Centered Approach in the Design of A Diabetes Prevention Program 

      Seidel, Richard W.; Pardo, Kimberlee A.; Estabrooks, Paul A.; You, Wen; Wall, Sarah S.; Davy, Brenda M.; Almeida, Fabio A. (Mdpi Ag, 2014-02-01)
    • The Betrayal Aversion Elicitation Task: An Individual Level Betrayal Aversion Measure 

      Aimone, Jason; Ball, Sheryl; King-Casas, Brooks (PLOS, 2015-09-02)
      Research on betrayal aversion shows that individuals’ response to risk depends not only on probabilities and payoffs, but also on whether the risk includes a betrayal of trust. While previous studies focus on measuring ...
    • Bioinformatic Analysis of Coronary Disease Associated SNPs and Genes to Identify Proteins Potentially Involved in the Pathogenesis of Atherosclerosis 

      Mao, Chunhong; Howard, Timothy D.; Sullivan, Dan; Fu, Zongming; Yu, Guoqiang; Parker, Sarah J.; Will, Rebecca; Vander Heide, Richard S.; Wang, Yue; Hixson, James; Van Eyk, Jennifer; Herrington, David M. (Open Access Pub, 2017-03-04)
      Factors that contribute to the onset of atherosclerosis may be elucidated by bioinformatic techniques applied to multiple sources of genomic and proteomic data. The results of genome wide association studies, such as the ...
    • Building Capacity for Data Driven Governance - Creating a New Foundation for Democracy 

      Keller, SA; Lancaster, VA; Shipp, SS
      Existing data flows at the local level, public and administrative records, geospatial data, social media, surveys, as well as other federal, state, and local databases, are ubiquitous in our everyday life. These data, when ...
    • Can a Patient's In-Hospital Length of Stay and Mortality Be Explained by Early-Risk Assessments? 

      Azadeh-Fard, Nasibeh; Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Camelio, Jaime A. (PLOS, 2016-09-15)
      Objective To assess whether a patient’s in-hospital length of stay (LOS) and mortality can be explained by early objective and/or physicians’ subjective-risk assessments. Data Sources/Study Setting Analysis of a ...
    • Can Administrative Housing Data Replace Survey Data? 

      Molfino, Emily; Korkmaz, Gizem; Keller, Sallie A.; Schroeder, Aaron; Shipp, Stephanie; Weinberg, Daniel H. (HUD, 2017)
      This article examines the feasibility of using local administrative data sources for enhancing and supplementing federally collected survey data to describe housing in Arlington County, Virginia. Using real estate assessment ...
    • Characterization and prediction of tropical cyclone forerunner surge 

      Liu, Yi; Irish, Jennifer L. (Elsevier, 2019)
      Forerunner surge, a water level rise ahead of tropical cyclone landfall, often strikes coastal communities unexpectedly, stranding people and increasing loss of life. Surge forecasting systems and emergency managers almost ...
    • Characterizing the Genetic Basis for Nicotine Induced Cancer Development: A Transcriptome Sequencing Study 

      Bavarva, Jasmin H.; Tae, Hongseok; Settlage, Robert E.; Garner, Harold R. (PLOS, 2013-06-18)
      Nicotine is a known risk factor for cancer development and has been shown to alter gene expression in cells and tissue upon exposure. We used Illumina® Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) technology to gain unbiased biological ...
    • Comparing Effectiveness of Top-Down and Bottom-Up Strategies in Containing Influenza 

      Marathe, Achla; Lewis, Bryan; Barrett, Christopher L.; Chen, Jiangzhuo; Marathe, Madhav; Eubank, Stephen; Ma, Yifei (Public Library of Science, 2011-09-22)
      This research compares the performance of bottom-up, self-motivated behavioral interventions with top-down interventions targeted at controlling an “Influenza-like-illness”. Both types of interventions use a variant of the ...
    • Compositional Mining of Multi-Relational Biological Datasets 

      Jin, Ying; Murali, T. M.; Ramakrishnan, Naren (Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, 2007-08-01), TR-07-29
      High-throughput biological screens are yielding ever-growing streams of information about multiple aspects of cellular activity. As more and more categories of datasets come online, there is a corresponding multitude of ...
    • Connecting the Dots between PubMed Abstracts 

      Hossain, M. Shahriar; Gresock, Joseph; Edmonds, Yvette; Helm, Richard; Potts, Malcolm; Ramakrishnan, Naren (PLOS, 2012-01-03)
      Background There are now a multitude of articles published in a diversity of journals providing information about genes, proteins, pathways, and diseases. Each article investigates subsets of a biological process, but ...
    • Control of mitochondrial metabolism and systemic energy homeostasis by microRNAs 378 and 378* 

      Carrer, Michele; Liu, Ning; Grueter, Chad E.; Williams, Andrew H.; Frisard, Madlyn I.; Hulver, Matthew W.; Bassel-Duby, Rhonda; Olson, Eric N. (NAS, 2012-09-18)
      Obesity and metabolic syndrome are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and deranged regulation of metabolic genes. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1β (PGC-1β) is a transcriptional coactivator ...
    • Crisis, Tragedy, and Recovery Network (CTRnet) 

      Fox, Edward A. (2009-09-14)
      This poster provides an overview of the Crisis, Tragedy, and Recovery Network (CTRnet). The objectives of CTRnet are to build a digital library and preserve information (in various formats like HTML, images, videos, etc.) ...