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dc.contributor.authorHiggins, Stuart Jamesen
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-09T07:00:12Zen
dc.date.available2017-11-09T07:00:12Zen
dc.date.issued2016-05-17en
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:8044en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/80003en
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation describes the design and optimization of a CO2-capture unit using aqueous amines to remove of carbon dioxide from the flue gas of a coal-fired power plant. In particular we construct a monolithic model of a carbon capture unit and conduct a rigorous optimization to find the lowest solvent regeneration energy yet reported. Carbon capture is primarily motivated by environmental concerns. The goal of our work is to help make carbon capture and storage (CCS) a more efficient for the sort of universal deployment called for by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to stabilize anthropomorphic contributions to climate change, though there are commercial applications such as enhanced oil recovery (EOR). We employ the latest simulation tools from Aspen Tech to rigorously model, design, and optimize acid gas systems. We extend this modeling approach to leverage Aspen Plus in the .NET framework through Microsoft's Component Object Model (COM). Our work successfully increases the efficiency of acid gas capture. We report a result optimally implementing multiple energy-saving schemes to reach a thermal regeneration energy of 1.67 GJ/tonne. By contrast, the IPCC had reported that leading technologies range from 2.7 to 3.3 GJ/tonne in 2005. Our work has received significant endorsement for industrial implementation by the senior management from the world's second largest chemical corporation, Sinopec, as being the most efficient technology known today.en
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectCarbon captureen
dc.subjectCCSen
dc.subjectglobal warmingen
dc.subjectclimate changeen
dc.subjectprocess engineeringen
dc.subjectprocess optimizationen
dc.subjectprocess modelingen
dc.subjectAspen Plusen
dc.subjectC#en
dc.subjectautomationen
dc.subjectCOMen
dc.subjectacid gasen
dc.subjectCO2en
dc.subjectcarbon dioxideen
dc.titleDesign and Optimization of Post-Combustion CO2 Captureen
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Engineeringen
dc.description.degreePh. D.en
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical Engineeringen
dc.contributor.committeechairLiu, Yih-Anen
dc.contributor.committeememberBaird, Donald G.en
dc.contributor.committeememberDurrill, Preston L.en
dc.contributor.committeememberAchenie, Luke E. K.en


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