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dc.contributor.authorLee, Kyoung-Hoen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-09T21:09:24Z
dc.date.available2017-11-09T21:09:24Z
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/80163
dc.description.abstractFor a given coal gasification atmosphere, the reactions between fired alumina-chromia solid solution refractories and alkali (sodium and potassium) with and without sulfur at varying alkali concentrations were thermodynamically calculated using the SOLGASMIX-PV computer program and the results were experimentally confirmed. In addition, the kinetics of alkali diffusion into the refractory were experimentally determined as a function of time and temperature. The results, both experimental and theoretical, show formation of alkali-aluminate (Na₂O⋅Al₂O₃, K₂O⋅Al₂O₃) and β-alumina (Na₂O⋅11Al₂O₃, K₂O⋅11A₂O₃) compounds with formation of several metastable alkali compounds in a coal gasification environment. Sulfur did not appear to affect the reaction products. Alkali distribution into the alumina-chrome refractory is rapid and the formation of the Na₂O⋅Al₂O/K₂O⋅Al₂O₃ compounds cause large volume expansion from the reaction surface which causes poor thermal shock resistance and eventual refractory failure. The hot face of an alumina-chrome refractory in service in an alkali environment will be prone to failure by alkali attack.en
dc.format.extentv, 68 leavesen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
dc.relation.isformatofOCLC# 18271991
dc.rightsThe authors of the theses and dissertations are the copyright owners. Virginia Techs Digital Library and Archives has their permission to store and provide access to these works.en_US
dc.subject.lccLD5655.V855 1988.L444en_US
dc.subject.lcshCoal gasificationen_US
dc.subject.lcshRefractories industryen_US
dc.titleAlkali attack on coal gasifier refractory liningen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMaterials Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMaterials Engineeringen_US
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US


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