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dc.contributor.authorChen, Shengen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-07T09:00:53Z
dc.date.available2018-02-07T09:00:53Z
dc.date.issued2018-02-06en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:13764en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/82038
dc.description.abstractIn a stochastic Lotka-Volterra model on a two-dimensional square lattice with periodic boundary conditions and subject to occupation restrictions, there exists an extinction threshold for the predator population that separates a stable active two-species coexistence phase from an inactive state wherein only prey survive. When investigating the non-equilibrium relaxation of the predator density in the vicinity of the phase transition point, we observe critical slowing-down and algebraic decay of the predator density at the extinction critical point. The numerically determined critical exponents are in accord with the established values of the directed percolation universality class. Following a sudden predation rate change to its critical value, one finds critical aging for the predator density autocorrelation function that is also governed by universal scaling exponents. This aging scaling signature of the active-to-absorbing state phase transition emerges at significantly earlier times than the stationary critical power laws, and could thus serve as an advanced indicator of the (predator) population's proximity to its extinction threshold. In order to study boundary effects, we split the system into two patches: Upon setting the predation rates at two distinct values, one half of the system resides in an absorbing state where only the prey survives, while the other half attains a stable coexistence state wherein both species remain active. At the domain boundary, we observe a marked enhancement of the predator population density, the minimum value of the correlation length, and the maximum attenuation rate. Boundary effects become less prominent as the system is successively divided into subdomains in a checkerboard pattern, with two different reaction rates assigned to neighboring patches. We furthermore add another predator species into the system with the purpose of studying possible origins of biodiversity. Predators are characterized with individual predation efficiencies and death rates, to which "Darwinian" evolutionary adaptation is introduced. We find that direct competition between predator species and character displacement together play an important role in yielding stable communities. We develop another variant of the lattice predator-prey model to help understand the killer- prey relationship of two different types of E. coli in a biological experiment, wherein the prey colonies disperse all over the plate while the killer cell population resides at the center, and a "kill zone" of prey forms immediately surrounding the killer, beyond which the prey population gradually increases outward.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectpopulation dynamicsen_US
dc.subjectLotka-Volterra modelen_US
dc.subjectnon-equilibrium dynamicsen_US
dc.titlePopulation dynamics of stochastic lattice Lotka-Volterra modelsen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPhysicsen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairTauber, Uwe C.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPleimling, Michel Jeanen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCheng, Shengfengen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSharpe, Eric R.en_US


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