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dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Christopher L.
dc.contributor.authorBisset, Keith
dc.contributor.authorLeidig, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorMarathe, Achla
dc.contributor.authorMarathe, Madhav
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-15T15:55:01Z
dc.date.available2018-02-15T15:55:01Z
dc.date.issued2011-03-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/82131
dc.description.abstractBackground—We aim to determine the economic and social impact of typical interventions proposed by the public health officials and preventive behavioral changes adopted by the private citizens in the event of a “flu-like” epidemic. Method—We apply an individual-based simulation model to the New River Valley area of Virginia for addressing this critical problem. The economic costs include not only the loss in productivity due to sickness but also the indirect cost incurred through disease avoidance and caring for dependents. Results—The results show that the most important factor responsible for preventing income loss is the modification of individual behavior; it drops the total income loss by 62% compared to the base case. The next most important factor is the closure of schools which reduces the total income loss by another 40%. Conclusions—The preventive behavior of the private citizens is the most important factor in controlling the epidemic.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis paper has not been previously published. NSF Nets Grant CNS-062694, CNS-0831633, HSD Grant SES-0729441, CDC Center of Excellence in Public Health Informatics Grant 2506055-01, NIH-NIGMS MIDAS GM070694-05/06, and DTRA CNIMS Grant HDTRA1-07-C-0113. The authors would also like to thank the members of the Network Dynamics and Simulation Science Laboratory and Lisa Koonin at CDC for their helpful comments and suggestions.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.subjectComputational Epidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectDemographicsen_US
dc.subjectIntervention Strategiesen_US
dc.subjectAntiviral Distributionen_US
dc.titleEconomic and Social Impact of Influenza Mitigation Strategies by Demographic Classen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.title.serialEpidemicsen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.epidem.2010.11.002
dc.identifier.volume3en_US
dc.identifier.issue1en_US


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