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dc.contributor.authorZychowski, Diana L.en
dc.contributor.authorDavid, Michael Z.en
dc.contributor.authorBoyle-Vavra, Susanen
dc.contributor.authorDaum, Robert S.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-19T14:10:12Zen
dc.date.available2018-02-19T14:10:12Zen
dc.date.issued2011-04-13en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/82184en
dc.description.abstract

Background
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains have become common causes of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) among previously healthy people, a role of methicillin-susceptible (MSSA) isolates before the mid-1990s. We hypothesized that, as MRSA infections became more common among S. aureus infections in the community, perhaps MSSA infections had become more important as a cause of healthcare-associated infection.

Methods
We compared patients, including children and adults, with MRSA and MSSA infections at the University of Chicago Medical Center (UCMC) from all clinical units from July 1, 2004-June 30, 2005; we also compared the genotypes of the MRSA and MSSA infecting bacterial strains.

Results
Compared with MRSA patients, MSSA patients were more likely on bivariate analysis to have bacteremia, endocarditis, or sepsis (p = 0.03), to be an adult (p = 0.005), to be in the intensive care unit (21.9% vs. 15.6%) or another inpatient unit (45.6% vs. 40.7%) at the time of culture. MRSA (346/545) and MSSA (76/114) patients did not differ significantly in the proportion classified as HA-S. aureus by the CDC CA-MRSA definition (p = 0.5). The genetic backgrounds of MRSA and MSSA multilocus sequence type (ST) 1, ST5, ST8, ST30, and ST59 comprised in combination 94.5% of MRSA isolates and 50.9% of MSSA isolates. By logistic regression, being cared for in the Emergency Department (OR 4.6, CI 1.5-14.0, p = 0.008) was associated with MRSA infection.

Conclusion
Patients with MSSA at UCMC have characteristics consistent with a health-care-associated infection more often than do patients with MRSA; a possible role reversal has occurred for MSSA and MRSA strains. Clinical MSSA and MRSA strains shared genotype backgrounds.

en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherPLoSen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 United Statesen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/en
dc.titleMethicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus as a Predominantly Healthcare-Associated Pathogen: A Possible Reversal of Roles?en
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.description.notesCitation: David MZ, Boyle-Vavra S, Zychowski DL, Daum RS (2011) Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus as a Predominantly Healthcare-Associated Pathogen: A Possible Reversal of Roles? PLoS ONE 6(4): e18217. https://doi.org /10.1371/journal.pone.0018217en
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018217en
dc.identifier.volume6en
dc.identifier.issue4en


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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States
License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States