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dc.contributor.authorO'Keefe, Keely Ryanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-24T08:00:39Z
dc.date.available2018-03-24T08:00:39Z
dc.date.issued2018-03-23en_US
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:14437en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/82555
dc.description.abstractBackground: National School Lunch Program (NSLP) meals have been found to be of higher dietary quality than home-packed lunches. Objective: To explore the cost, including time, of NSLP versus different categories of home-packed lunches. Methods: Data from pre-kindergarten and kindergarten lunches from three schools in southwest Virginia were used for this study. Each lunch item was priced, and a direct cost was assigned based on the lunches contents. Time assessments were conducted to determine the amount of time to prepare each lunch, with a monetary value for time computed based on average salary of the respective county. A non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test was used to compare the direct cost, time, time cost, and the full cost of the meals. Medians were computed based on outlier data. Results: The lowest median direct cost was found for homemade packed lunches ($1.55), followed by homemade school lunches ($2.11), then convenience packed lunches ($2.12), and then NSLP lunches ($2.15). When incorporating preparation time, the NSLP lunch cost the least ($2.15), followed by convenience packed lunches ($2.56), then homemade packed lunches ($2.92), and then homemade school lunches ($11.32). Seventy-six percent (n=414) of home-packed lunches contained sugar-sweetened beverages and/or dessert food items, accounting for almost one-quarter (21.8%) of the cost of all home-packed lunches. Conclusion: When time is computed as part of the total cost of NSLP versus home-packed lunches, the NSLP is the least expensive option. In conjunction with the nutritional benefits of the NSLP, this time-cost data may help shift purchasing and consumption patterns.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsThis item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. Some uses of this item may be deemed fair and permitted by law even without permission from the rights holder(s), or the rights holder(s) may have licensed the work for use under certain conditions. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights holder(s).en_US
dc.subjectNational School Lunch Programen_US
dc.subjectNSLPen_US
dc.subjecthome-packed lunchen_US
dc.subjectdirect costen_US
dc.subjecttime costen_US
dc.subjecttime-inclusive costen_US
dc.subjectfull costen_US
dc.titleInvestigating the Cost of National School Lunch Program Lunches versus the Full, Time-Inclusive Cost of Home-Packed Lunchesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairSerrano, Elena L.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFarris, Alisha Ruthen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDavis, George C.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberFrisard, Madlyn Ireneen_US


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