The Mission of the Virginia Tech Center for Public Administration and Policy (CPAP) is to promote good governance and the advancement of capable and ethical public service by providing outstanding education, research, and outreach in the theory and practice of public administration, management, and policy.

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  • Rethinking SNAP Benefits for College Students 

    Allison, Tom (Young Invincibles, 2018-02-01)
    Hundreds of thousands of college students experience food insecurity every day, a condition characterized by disrupted eating patterns and reduced quality and quantity of diets. This report identifies how college students ...
  • Undocumented Students in Higher Education: A Case Study Exploring Street-Level Bureaucracy in Academic Advising 

    Howard, Fai (Virginia Commonwealth University, 2017)
    Academic advisors are uniquely positioned to support the persistence and graduation of students, especially undocumented students. Therefore, this research examined perspectives and behaviors of advisors concerning their ...
  • Driving Development with Tertiary Education Reforms 

    World Bank (World Bank Group, 2015)
    Tertiary education refers to all postsecondary education, including but not limited to universities. Although universities are a key part of all tertiary education systems, in recent years a diverse and growing set of ...
  • A Federal Work Study Reform Agenda to Better Serve Low-Income Students 

    O’Sullivan, Rory; Setzer, Reid (Young Invincibles, 2014-09-01)
    This report recommends reforming Federal Work Study to better serve low-income students working their way through school, and providing them with experience and skills for today’s economy. They authors recommend: Implementing ...
  • Illinois’ Higher Education Crisis: The Case for Returning Spending to Pre-Recession Levels 

    Rips, Eve (Young Invincibles, 2017-06-01)
    Illinois was once a national leader on higher education accessibility and affordability. For a time the state led the country in providing need-based aid to students and in making sure that all students, regardless of ...
  • Race and Ethnicity as a Barrier to Opportunity: A Blueprint for Higher Education Equity 

    Young Invincibles (Young Invincibles, 2017-02-01)
    The United States is in the midst of one of the most significant demographic shifts in the history of the country. Already, America’s young adults are the largest and most diverse generation ever. Among the 75 million ...
  • The Condition of Education 2018 

    US Department of Education--National Center for Education Statistics (U.S. Department of Education, 2018-05-01)
    The Condition of Education 2018 contains indicators on the state of education in the United States, from prekindergarten through postsecondary education, as well as labor force outcomes and international comparisons. This ...
  • Postsecondary Institutions and Cost of Attendance in 2017–18; Degrees and Other Awards Conferred, 2016–17; and 12-Month Enrollment, 2016–17 (Preliminary Data) 

    Ginder, Scott A.; Kelly-Reid, Janice E.; Mann, Farrah B. (U.S. Department of Education, 2018-05-01)
    This report presents findings from the preliminary data of the IPEDS fall 2017 data collection, which included three survey components: Institutional Characteristics, Completions, and 12-Month Enrollment. Data for all ...
  • Subsidizing Higher Education Through Tax and Spending Programs 

    Maag, Elaine; Mundel, David; Rice, Lois; Rueben, Kim (Urban Institute, 2017-05-16)
    In 1997 Congress enacted a number of tax benefits directed toward helping middle- and upper-middle income groups meet rising college costs. This shift in goals and strategies raises concerns about the fairness and effectiveness ...
  • Priorities for Federal Workforce and Higher Education Policy 

    Holzer, Harry J. (Urban Institute, 2017-09-19)
    There are some negative consequences caused by the fragmentation of federal and state support for workforce policy across programs administered by the U.S. Department of Labor and agencies. Most students in high school and ...
  • The Federal-State Higher Education Partnership How States Manage Their Roles 

    Chingos, Matthew M.; Baum, Sandy (Urban Institute, 2017-05-16)
    State funding of public higher education is central to college access and affordability and to postsecondary educational attainment. State support translates into resources colleges and universities can spend on instruction ...
  • The Federal-State Higher Education Partnership Lessons from Other Federal-State Partnerships 

    Conklin, Kristin D.; Baum, Sandy (Urban Institute, 2017-05-01)
    Lessons from federal-state partnerships in other public policy areas might inform efforts to strengthen the partnership in higher education. This paper looks to the forms of cooperation between these levels of government ...
  • Pipelines, Pathways, and Institutional Leadership: An Update on the Status of Women in Higher Education 

    Johnson, Heather L. (American Council on Education, 2017)
    In 2009, The White House Project: Benchmarking Women’s Leadership was released. This groundbreaking report examined the leadership roles of women across 10 sectors of the workforce in the United States. Key findings ...
  • A Principled Federal Role in Higher Education 

    Baum, Sandy; Harris, Douglas N.; Kelly, Andrew; Mitchell, Ted (Urban Institute, 2017-09-01)
    A new research brief from the Urban Institute outlines perspectives by nationally respected scholars and experts regarding some of the most critical issues in higher education, along with recommendations on evidence-based ...
  • Federal Policy to Promote Innovation in US Higher Education 

    Brewer, Dominic J.; Shirley, Maurice (Urban Institute, 2017-09-19)
    The federal role in higher education has grown over the past two decades, and now a new administration has the opportunity to strengthen policies that support students and their colleges and universities. To help inform ...
  • Financing Public Higher Education: Variation across States 

    Baum, Sandy; Johnson, Martha (Urban Institute, 2015-11-01)
    In this report, the authors examine patterns of public college pricing, funding, and enrollment across the nation, as well as instructional expenditures and student grant aids. Because most students remain in state to take ...
  • Renewing the Promise: State Policies to Improve Higher Education Performance 

    Finney, Joni E.; Perna, Laura W.; Callan, Patrick M. (University of Pennsylvania Institute for Research on Higher Education, 2014-02-01)
    Renewing the Promise: State Policies to Improve Higher Education Performance summarizes the findings from a study that sought to understand how public policy explains the collective performance of higher education institutions ...
  • Examining the Federal-State Partnership in Higher Education 

    Baum, Sandy (Urban Institute, 2017-05-01)
    Each state has its own system of public higher education. States design, regulate, and fund the public colleges and universities that educate the states’ residents. In many states, local governments also provide funds, ...
  • Who Goes to Grad School and Who Succeeds? 

    Baum, Sandy; Steele, Patricia (Urban Institute, 2017-01-01)
    This report argues that students from higher-income backgrounds are more likely than others to enroll in advanced degree programs, more likely to complete their programs, and more likely to earn degrees that promise high ...
  • First-Generation Students in Postsecondary Education: A Look at Their College Transcripts 

    Chen, Xianglei (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2005-07-01)
    Recent research has generated a large body of knowledge about students who are the first members of their families to attend college, referred as “first-generation students”. The results show that such students are at a ...

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