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dc.contributor.authorCapriola, Nicole N.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-31T18:55:41Z
dc.date.available2018-05-31T18:55:41Z
dc.date.issued2018-03-26en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/83431
dc.description.abstractSocial Anxiety Disorder is characterized by irrational and persistent fears of potential evaluation and scrutiny by others. For socially anxious youth, the core, maladaptive cognition is fear of negative evaluation (FNE). Whereas Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) targets remediation of intense and unfounded FNE, Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT) targets attention bias. The degree to which FNE and biased attention are related processes is unknown. This study sought to assess the relationship between FNE and two indices of attention bias (dot probe and eye-tracking). In addition, this study examines differences in attention bias between a clinically confirmed group of youth SAD and healthy controls. A significant group difference in average latency to fixate on angry faces was found [F(1,65) = 31.94, p < .001, ηp2 = .33]. However, the pattern was not consistent across the other attention bias metrics (i.e., dot probe bias scores and first fixation direction percentage towards angry faces). In addition, associations between FNE and the attention bias metrics were not statistically significant in either group. Future directions and implications of these findings within the context of refinements to existing interventions are discussed.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectSocial Anxiety Disorderen_US
dc.subjectAttention Biasen_US
dc.subjectCovert Attentionen_US
dc.subjectOvert Attentionen_US
dc.subjectAdolescentsen_US
dc.titleAssociations between Fear of Negative Evaluation and Covert and Overt Attention Bias Through Eye-Tracking and Visual Dot Probeen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineClincal Psychologyen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairWhite, Susan W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKim-Spoon, Jungmeenen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRichey, John A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberOllendick, Thomas H.en_US
dc.description.abstractgeneralSocial Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is characterized by irrational and persistent fears of potential evaluation and scrutiny by others. For socially anxious youth, a main feature of the disorder is fear of negative evaluation (FNE). Whereas Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) targets FNE, Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT) targets attention bias. However, the degree to which FNE and biased attention are related processes has not been studied. This study examined the relationship between FNE and two indices of attention bias (dot probe and eye-tracking). This study also examines differences in attention bias between a youth with SAD and healthy youth (no psychological diagnoses). Group differences were found for only one attention bias measure (i.e., youth with SAD were quicker to look at anger faces relative to non-anxious youth). In addition, associations between FNE and the attention bias metrics were not statistically significant in either group. Future directions of these findings are discussed.en_US


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