Development Towards the use of Beamforming and Adaptive Line Enhancers for Audio Detection of Quadcopters
Burns, Clinton Wyatt
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The usage of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs), such as quadcopters and hexacopters, has steadily increased over the past few years in both recreational and commercial use. This increased availability to purchase such systems has also given rise to many safety and security concerns. A common concern is that the misuse of a UAS can cause damage to airplanes and helicopters in and around airports. Another growing concern is the use of UASs for terrorist intentions such as using the UAS as a remote controlled bomb. There is clearly a need to be able to detect the presence of unwanted UASs in restricted areas. This thesis work presents the beginning work towards a method to detect the presence of these UASs using the blade pass frequency (BPF) of the motors and rotors of a home made quadcopter. A low cost uniform linear microphone array is first used to perform a simple delay-and-sum beamformer to spatially filter out noise sources. The beamformer output is then divided into sub-bands using three bandpass filters centered on the expected location of the fundamental BPF and its 2nd and 3rd harmonics. For each sub-band, an adaptive filter called an adaptive line enhancer is used to extract and enhance the narrowband signals. The response of the adaptive filters are then used to detect the quadcopter by looking for the presence of the 2nd and 3rd harmonics of the fundamental BPF. Static tests of the quadcopter out in a field showed promising results for this method with the ability to detect up to the 3rd harmonic 90ft away and the 2nd harmonic 130 ft away.
- Masters Theses