Understanding and Controlling the Degradation of Nickel-rich Lithium-ion Layered Cathodes
Steiner, James David
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Consumers across the world use lithium-ion batteries in some fashion in their everyday life. The growing demand for energy has led to batteries dying quicker than consumers want. Thus, there are calls for researchers to develop batteries that are longer lasting. However, the initial increase in battery life over the years has been from better engineering and not necessarily from making a better material for a battery. This thesis focuses on the understanding of the chemistry of the materials of a battery. Throughout the chapters, the research delves into the how and why materials with extra nickel degrade quickly. Then, it investigates a method of making these nickelrich materials last longer and how the chemistry within these materials are affected by the addition of a different metal. Overall, the findings indicate that the addition of titanium creates a more stable material because it mitigates the release of oxygen and prevents irreversible changes within the structure of the material. It determines that the chemistry behind the failings of nickel-rich lithium-ion batteries and a potential method for allowing the batteries to last longer. It also provides insight and guidance for potential future research of stabilization of lithium-ion materials.
- Masters Theses