A CMA-FRESH Whitening Filter for Blind Interference Rejection
Jauhar, Ahmad Shujauddin
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The advent of spectrum sharing has increased the need for robust interference rejection methods. The Citizens Broadband Radio Service (CBRS) band is soon to be occupied by LTE waveforms and License Assisted Access (LAA) will have LTE signals coexisting with other signals in the 5 GHz band. In anticipation of this need, we present a method for interference rejection of cyclostationary signals, which can also help avoid interference through better detection of low power co-channel signals. The method proposed in this thesis consists of a frequency-shift (FRESH) filter which acts as a whitening filter, canceling the interference by exploiting its cyclostationarity. It learns the cyclostationary characteristics of the interferer blindly, through a property restoration algorithm which aims to drive the spectrum to white noise. The property restoration algorithm, inspired by the constant modulus algorithm (CMA), is applied to each frequency bin to determine the optimal coefficients for the proposed CMA FRESH whitening filter (CFW). The performance of the CFW in interference rejection is compared to a time-invariant version, and proposed use cases are analyzed. The use cases consist of the rejection of a high powered, wider bandwidth interferer which is masking the signal-of-interest (SOI). The interferer is rejected blindly, with no knowledge of its characteristics. We analyzed signal detection performance in the case that the SOI is another user with much lower power, for multiple types of SOIs ranging from BPSK to OFDM. We also deal with the case that the SOI is to be received and demodulated; we recover it and compare resulting bit error rates to state of the art FRESH filters. The results show significantly better signal detection and recovery.
General Audience Abstract
Wireless communication is complicated by the fact that multiple radios may be attempting to transmit at the same frequency, time and location concurrently. This scenario may be a due to malicious intent by certain radios (jamming), or mere confusion due to a lack of knowledge that another radio is transmitting in the same channel. The latter scenario is more common due to congested wireless spectrum, as the number of devices increases exponentially. In either case, interference results. We present a novel interference rejection method in this work, one that is blind to the properties of the interferer and adapts to cancel it. It follows the philosophy of property restoration as extolled by the constant modulus algorithm (CMA) and is a frequency shift (FRESH) filter, hence the name. The process of restoring the wireless spectrum to white noise is what makes it a whitening filter, and is also how it adapts to cancel interference. Such a filter has myriad possible uses, and we examine the use case of rejecting interference to detect or recover the signal-of-interest (SOI) that we are attempting to receive. We present performance results in both cases and compare with conventional time-invariant filters and state of the art FRESH filters.
- Masters Theses