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dc.contributor.authorYang, Yien
dc.contributor.authorChen, Boen
dc.contributor.authorHower, James C.en
dc.contributor.authorSchindler, Michaelen
dc.contributor.authorWinkler, Christopheren
dc.contributor.authorBrandt, Jessica E.en
dc.contributor.authorDi Giulio, Richard T.en
dc.contributor.authorGe, Jianpingen
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Minen
dc.contributor.authorFu, Yuhaoen
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Lijunen
dc.contributor.authorChen, Yu-ruen
dc.contributor.authorPriya, Shashanken
dc.contributor.authorHochella, Michael F. Jr.en
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-18T14:34:21Zen
dc.date.available2018-10-18T14:34:21Zen
dc.date.issued2017-01-12en
dc.identifier.issn20411723en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/85407en
dc.description.abstractCoal, as one of the most economic and abundant energy sources, remains the leading fuel for producing electricity worldwide. Yet, burning coal produces more global warming CO2 relative to all other fossil fuels, and it is a major contributor to atmospheric particulate matter known to have a deleterious respiratory and cardiovascular impact in humans, especially in China and India. Here we have discovered that burning coal also produces large quantities of otherwise rare Magneli phases (Ti; x; O2x–1 with 4 ≤ x ≤ 9) from TiO2 minerals naturally present in coal. This provides a new tracer for tracking solid-state emissions worldwide from industrial coal-burning. In its first toxicity testing, we have also shown that nanoscale Magneli phases have potential toxicity pathways that are not photoactive like TiO2 phases, but instead seem to be biologically active without photostimulation. In the future, these phases should be thoroughly tested for their toxicity in the human lung. Solid-state emissions from coal burning remain an environmental concern. Here, the authors have found that TiO2 minerals present in coal are converted into titanium suboxides during burning, and initial biotoxicity screening suggests that further testing is needed to look into human lung consequences.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en
dc.subject.meshAir Pollutionen
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen
dc.subject.meshCoalen
dc.subject.meshEnergy-Generating Resourcesen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshLung/drug effectsen
dc.subject.meshTitanium/analysisen
dc.subject.meshToxicity Testsen
dc.subject.meshZebrafish/embryologyen
dc.titleDiscovery and ramifications of incidental Magnéli phase generation and release from industrial coal-burningen
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.contributor.departmentCenter for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems (CEHMS)en
dc.contributor.departmentGeosciencesen
dc.contributor.departmentInstitute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS)en
dc.title.serialNature Communicationsen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00276-2en
dc.identifier.volume8en
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dc.identifier.pmid28790379en


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