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dc.contributor.authorToosizadeh, Nimaen_US
dc.contributor.authorNussbaum, Maury A.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBazrgari, Babaken_US
dc.contributor.authorMadigan, Michael L.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-25T15:28:19Z
dc.date.available2018-10-25T15:28:19Z
dc.date.issued2012-11-05en_US
dc.identifier.othere48625en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/85509
dc.description.abstractExperimental studies suggest that prolonged trunk flexion reduces passive support of the spine. To understand alterations of the synergy between active and passive tissues following such loadings, several studies have assessed the time-dependent behavior of passive tissues including those within spinal motion segments and muscles. Yet, there remain limitations regarding load-relaxation of the lumbar spine in response to flexion exposures and the influence of different flexion angles. Ten healthy participants were exposed for 16 min to each of five magnitudes of lumbar flexion specified relative to individual flexion-relaxation angles (i.e., 30, 40, 60, 80, and 100%), during which lumbar flexion angle and trunk moment were recorded. Outcome measures were initial trunk moment, moment drop, parameters of four viscoelastic models (i.e., Standard Linear Solid model, the Prony Series, Schapery's Theory, and the Modified Superposition Method), and changes in neutral zone and viscoelastic state following exposure. There were significant effects of flexion angle on initial moment, moment drop, changes in normalized neutral zone, and some parameters of the Standard Linear Solid model. Initial moment, moment drop, and changes in normalized neutral zone increased exponentially with flexion angle. Kelvin-solid models produced better predictions of temporal behaviors. Observed responses to trunk flexion suggest nonlinearity in viscoelastic properties, and which likely reflected viscoelastic behaviors of spinal (lumbar) motion segments. Flexion-induced changes in viscous properties and neutral zone imply an increase in internal loads and perhaps increased risk of low back disorders. Kelvin-solid models, especially the Prony Series model appeared to be more effective at modeling load-relaxation of the trunk.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPLOSen_US
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 Internationalen_US
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0en_US
dc.titleLoad-Relaxation Properties of the Human Trunk in Response to Prolonged Flexion: Measuring and Modeling the Effect of Flexion Angleen_US
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden_US
dc.description.versionPeer Revieweden_US
dc.title.serialPLOS ONEen_US
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0048625en_US
dc.identifier.volume7en_US
dc.identifier.issue11en_US
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US
dc.identifier.pmid23144913en_US
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203en_US


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International