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dc.contributor.authorMikhailova, Elena A.
dc.contributor.authorBryant, Ray B.
dc.contributor.authorGalbraith, John M.
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yang
dc.contributor.authorPost, Christopher J.
dc.contributor.authorKhokhlova, Olga S.
dc.contributor.authorSchlautman, Mark A.
dc.contributor.authorCope, Michael P.
dc.contributor.authorShen, Zhixiong
dc.date.accessioned2018-12-21T15:36:48Z
dc.date.available2018-12-21T15:36:48Z
dc.date.issued2018-12-05
dc.identifier.citationMikhailova, E.A.; Bryant, R.B.; Galbraith, J.M.; Wang, Y.; Post, C.J.; Khokhlova, O.S.; Schlautman, M.A.; Cope, M.P.; Shen, Z. Pedogenic Carbonates and Radiocarbon Isotopes of Organic Carbon at Depth in the Russian Chernozem. Geosciences 2018, 8, 458.
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/86495
dc.description.abstractConversion of native grasslands to agricultural sites has resulted in remarkable changes in soil carbon at depth, but its impact on soil diagnostic horizons is unknown. This study was conducted to radiocarbon date the soil organic carbon (SOC) and quantify pedogenic carbonates in the Russian Chernozem at depth at three sites: a native grassland field (not cultivated for at least 300 years), an adjacent 50-year continuous fallow field in the V.V. Alekhin Central-Chernozem Biosphere State Reserve in the Kursk region of Russia (UNESCO—MAB Biosphere Reserve), and a cropland in the Experimental Station of the Kursk Institute of Agronomy and Soil Erosion Control. All sampled soils were classified as Fine-silty, mixed, frigid Pachic Hapludolls (Haplic Chernozem). The radiocarbon age (14C date, y BP) of SOC was highly variable: in the native grassland field, it varied from post-bomb (A-horizon) to 8011 ± 54 y BP (C-horizon); in the continuous fallow, it varied from 1569 ± 41 y BP (Ap-horizon) to 11,380 ± 180 y BP (C1-horizon); and in the cropland, it varied from 1055 ± 38 y BP (Ap-horizon) to 11,805 ± 68 y BP (Ck-horizon). Cultivation resulted in morphological/diagnostic changes in the soil profile (conversion of A to Ap; conversion of Bw to Bk horizon) over a 50-year period. These changes are supported by radiocarbon dating of SOC and pedogenic carbonate distribution within the soil profile. The proportion of pedogenic carbonates was highly variable: in the native grassland, it was 27% (C-horizon); in the continuous fallow, it varied from 53% (Bk1-horizon) to 72% (C2-horizon); and in the cropland, it varied from 85% (A-horizon) to 10% (Ck-horizon). The radiocarbon age differences with depth among the soils reflect changes in the soil carbon dynamics resulting from cultivation.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titlePedogenic Carbonates and Radiocarbon Isotopes of Organic Carbon at Depth in the Russian Chernozemen_US
dc.typeArticle - Refereed
dc.date.updated2018-12-21T14:52:06Z
dc.title.serialGeosciences
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8120458
dc.type.dcmitypeText


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International