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dc.contributor.authorYeganeh, Armin Jeddi
dc.contributor.authorHall, Ralph P.
dc.contributor.authorPearce, Annie R.
dc.contributor.authorHankey, Steven C.
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-18T19:04:14Z
dc.date.available2019-01-18T19:04:14Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/86763
dc.description.abstractAccess to quality public transportation is critical for employment, especially for low-income and minority populations. This study contributes to previous work on equity analyses of the U.S. public transportation system by including the 45 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in a single analysis. Year-2014 Census demographic data were combined with an existing 2014 dataset of transit job accessibility. Then, transit equality and justice indicators were developed and a regression analysis was performed to explore trends in transit job accessibility by race and income. The findings suggest that within individual MSAs, low-income populations and minorities have the highest transit job accessibility. However, the overall transit ridership is low, and in certain MSAs with high transit job accessibility both high and low income populations have high access levels but middle income populations do not. Within individual MSAs, on average, accessibility differences by income are greater than accessibility differences by race. The relative importance of race versus income for injustice increases with MSA size. In upper mid-size and large MSAs, differences by race increase. Also, the differences by race are greater among low-income populations. Accessibility- related equality and justice indicators are only one of many issues that comprise the wider discussion of equity.en_US
dc.format.extent18 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/*
dc.subjectSocial sustainability
dc.subjecttransit equity
dc.subjectthe Gini Index
dc.subjectequality
dc.subjectjustice
dc.titleA social equity analysis of the U.S. public transportation system based on job accessibilityen_US
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden_US
dc.title.serialJournal of Transport and Land Use
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.5198/jtlu.2018.1370
dc.identifier.volume11
dc.identifier.issue1
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten_US


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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)