Multi Resonant Switched-Capacitor Converter
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This thesis presents a novel Resonant Switched-Capacitor Converter with Multiple Resonant Frequencies, abbreviated as MRSCC for both high density and efficiency non-isolated large step-down Intermediate Bus Converter (IBC). Conventional Resonant Switched-Capacitor Converter (RSCC) proposed by Shoyama and its high voltage conversion ratio derivation such as Switched-Tank Converter (STC) by Jiang and li employ half sinusoidal-current charge transfer method between capacitors to achieve high efficiency and density operation by adding a small resonant inductor in series to pure switched-capacitor converter's (SCC) flying capacitor. By operating switching frequency to be the same as its resonant frequency, RSCC achieves zero-current turn off operation, however, this cause RSCC and its derivation suffer from component variation issue for high-volume adoption. Derived from RSCC, MRSCC adds additional high frequency resonant component, operates only during its dead-time, by adding small capacitor in parallel to RSCC's resonant inductor. By operating switching frequency higher than its main resonant frequency, MRSCC utilizes double chopped half-sinusoidal current charge transfer method between capacitors to further improve efficiency. In addition, operating switching frequency consistently higher than its resonant frequency, MRSCC provides high immunity towards component variation, making it and its derivation viable for high-volume adoption.
General Audience Abstract
Following the recent trend, most internet services are moving towards cloud computing. Large data applications and growing popularity of cloud computing require hyperscale data centers and it will continue to grow rapidly in the next few years to keep up with the demand . These cutting-edge data centers will require higher performance multi-core CPU and GPU installations which translates to higher power consumption. From 10MWatts of power, typical data centers deliver only half of this power to the computing load which includes processors, memory and drives. Unfortunately, the rest goes to losses in power conversion, distribution and cooling . Industry members look into increasing backplane voltage from 12V to 48V in order to reduce distribution loss. This thesis proposes a novel Resonant Switched-Capacitor Converter using Multiple Resonant Frequencies to accommodate this increase of backplane voltage.
- Masters Theses