Cyberbiosecurity: A New Perspective on Protecting US Food and Agricultural System
Duncan, Susan E.
Williams, Robert C.
Murch, Randall S.
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Our national data and infrastructure security issues affecting the "bioeconomy" are evolving rapidly. Simultaneously, the conversation about cyber security of the U.S. food and agricultural system (cyber biosecurity) is incomplete and disjointed. The food and agricultural production sectors influence over 20% of the nation's economy ($ 6.7T) and 15% of U.S. employment (43.3M jobs). The food and agricultural sectors are immensely diverse and they require advanced technologies and efficiencies that rely on computer technologies, big data, cloud-based data storage, and internet accessibility. There is a critical need to safeguard the cyber biosecurity of our bio economy, but currently protections are minimal and do not broadly exist across the food and agricultural system. Using the food safetymanagement Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point systemconcept as an introductory point of reference, we identify important features in broad food and agricultural production and food systems: dairy, food animals, row crops, fruits and vegetables, and environmental resources (water). This analysis explores the relevant concepts of cyber biosecurity from food production to the end product user (such as the consumer) and considers the integration of diverse transportation, supplier, and retailer networks. We describe common challenges and unique barriers across these systems and recommend solutions to advance the role of cyber biosecurity in the food and agricultural sectors.
- Destination Area: Integrated Security (IS) 
- Faculty Works, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics 
- Faculty Works, Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences 
- Faculty Works, Department of Biological Systems Engineering 
- Faculty Works, Department of Food Science and Technology 
- Faculty Works, Hume Center for National Security and Technology 
- Faculty Works, School of Public and International Affairs 
- Scholarly Works, Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station