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dc.contributor.authorBurdette, Jason Todden_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-06T16:01:32Z
dc.date.available2011-08-06T16:01:32Z
dc.date.issued2004-05-10en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-05122004-113700en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/9925
dc.description.abstractZoning is premised upon the segregation of land uses. Rudimentary zoning ordinances originated in New York around 1916 as a means of separating the lower class fabric markets from the upscale retailers of 5th Avenue nearby, and to reduce density. The Standard Enabling Acts of the 1920s granted governments the broad authority to enact zoning ordinances to reduce population densities in cities for the purposes of health, safety, and well being. The United States Supreme Court upheld this authority as constitutional in the landmark case of Euclid v. Ambler Realty (1926). In the roughly eighty years since the Euclid decision, zoning has become the planning profession's primary tool to regulate land use. While an effective policy response to issues at that time of a rapidly industrializing America, Euclidean zoning has unintentionally shaped the US landscape into a sprawling, auto-dependent society characterized by segregated communities of isolated populations. Euclidean zoning makes it extremely difficult to mix uses. As a result, 'traditional' development patterns with high-density housing, nearby commercial, and pedestrian-friendly walkways are virtually impossible to create. Many critics suggest that zoning promulgates sprawl. In short, Euclidean zoning prevents 'good' urban design. In recent years, new trends have emerged to address these problems to varying degrees of success. Form-Based Codes are one of the most recent planning innovations. With origins in the New Urbanist school of development, Form-Based Codes elevates physical design in city planning, as opposed to the 'use-based' restrictions of Euclidean zoning. This paper examines whether or not Form-Based Codes could be a viable solution to the ills associated with Euclidean zoning. Benefits and drawbacks of both Euclidean zoning and Form-Based Codes are debated, including a case study analysis, as well as a discussion of legal ramifications and future scenarios in land use planning.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartBurdetteFINALmajorpaper.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjecttraditional neighborhood developmenten_US
dc.subjectform-based codeen_US
dc.subjecturban designen_US
dc.subjectland use planningen_US
dc.subjectEuclidean zoningen_US
dc.titleForm-Based Codes: A Cure for the Cancer Called Euclidean Zoning?en_US
dc.typeMajor paperen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUrban Affairs and Planningen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Urban and Regional Planningen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Urban and Regional Planningen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineUrban Affairs and Planningen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairRichardson, Jesse J.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKatz, Peteren_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05122004-113700en_US
dc.date.sdate2004-05-12en_US
dc.date.rdate2004-05-25
dc.date.adate2004-05-25en_US


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