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Field Test of a Bridge Deck with Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Bars as the Top Mat of Reinforcement
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The primary objective of this research project was to perform live load tests on a bridge deck with GFRP reinforcement in the field under service conditions. The strains and deflections in the span reinforced with GFRP in the top mat were recorded under a series of truck crossings, and these were compared to the span reinforced with all steel bars under identical loading conditions, as well as design values and other test results. Transverse strains in the GFRP bars, girder distribution factors, girder bottom flange strains, dynamic load allowances, and weigh-in-motion gauge results were examined. From the live load tests, it was concluded that the bridge was designed conservatively for service loads, with measured strains, stresses, distribution factors, and impact factors below allowables and design values. The second objective was to monitor the construction of the bridge deck. To carry out this objective, researchers from Virginia Tech were on site during the bridge deck phase of the construction. The construction crews were observed while installing both the all-steel end span and the steel bottom/GFRP top end span. The installation of the GFRP bars went smoothly when compared to that of the steel bars. The workers were unfamiliar with the material at first, but by the end of the day were handling, installing, and tying the GFRP bars with skill. It was concluded that GFRP bars are an acceptable material in bridge deck applications with respect to constructibility issues. The third objective was to set up the long term monitoring and data collection of the bridge deck. Electrical resistance strain gauges, vibrating wire strain gauges, and thermocouples were installed in the deck prior to concrete casting to provide strain and temperature readings throughout the service life of the bridge. It was concluded that the span reinforced with GFRP was instrumented sufficiently for long-term health monitoring.
- Masters Theses