Managing farming systems for nitrate control: A research review from Management Systems Evaluation Areas

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American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science Society of America


This paper brings together the published findings of 5 years of the Management Systems Evaluation Area (MSEA) research project, which assessed how effective various farm management approaches were in controlling nitrates in soil and water. The farming technologies and factors evaluated include tillage, fertilizer, water management, crop rotation, and weather and soil variability. A lack of attention to non-uniformity of soils and weather patterns leads to ineffective practices that cause nitrate leaching.


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Soil nutrients, Water management, Nutrient management, Best management practices, Manure, Soil, Farming systems, Conservation tillage, Fertilization, Nutrient leaching, Nitrates, Tile drainage, Crop rotations, Field Scale


Journal of Environmental Quality 30(6): 1866-1880